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PUBLICATIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER 



EDUCATIONAL SERIES 
No. IV. 



The Department of Education in the 

University of Manchester 




SHERRATT & HUGHES 
Publishers to the Victoria University of Manchester 

Manchester : 34 Cross Street 
London: 33 Soho Square W. 

Agents for the United States 
LONGMANS GREEN & Co. 

443-449 Fourth Avenue, New York 




PC 



O 1 



'" 



THE 

Department of Education 



IN THE 



University of Manchester 



1890 1911 



MANCHESTER . 

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS ^ / 




UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER PUBLICATIONS 
No. LVII1. 



PREFATORY NOTE. 

This volume, commemorating the Coming of Age of 
the Department of Education in the University of 
Manchester, has been produced, of necessity, in a some- 
what hurried manner. Doubtless there are numerous 
errors and omissions for which the indulgence of our 
readers is asked. 

Chapter I. is the work of Professor M. E. Sadler, 
Professor of the History and Administration of Educa- 
tion in the University, Chapter II. of Mr. W. T. Goode, 
Principal, of the London County Council Training Col- 
lege, Graystoke Place. The latter sections of the volume 
are the work of many hands. The Register and the Roll 
of Students are based upon material laboriously collected 
by Mr. John Lord, Headmaster of the Manley Park 
Council School, Manchester, and Miss Edna Firth, 
Assistant Mistress of the North Grecian Street Council 
School, Lower Broughton, Manchester. 

Upon Mr. Lord and Miss Firth, as Secretaries to the 
Celebration Committee, the bulk of the administrative 
work has devolved, and we take this opportunity of 
thanking them for their invaluable services. It is 
almost invidious to single out any of the departmental 
staff for commendation for they have all given their 
services unstintingly, but we cannot forbear to express 
our indebtedness to Miss Laura Start, whose unique 
knowledge of the women members of the Department 
has to a large extent made this publication possible. 

University of Manchester. 
January, 1911. 




A. W. WARD, LL.D., Litt.D., Ph.D., 
Late Principal of the Owens College and Vice-Chancellor of the University. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

University Day Training Colleges : Their Origin, 
Growth, and Influence in English Education. 
By M. E. SADLER, M.A. - -9 

The Department of Education in the University of 
Manchester. By W. T. GOODE, M.A. - - 55 

Appendix : Publications by Members (Staff and 
Students) of the Department of Education - 73 

Register of Students Entered in the Department of 
Education Since its Foundation in 1890 - - 81 

Roll of Men Students - - 135 
Roll of Women Students 141 




SIR ALFRED HOPKINSON, K.C.,. LL.D., M.A., B.C.L., 
Vice- Chancellor of the University. 



UNIVERSITY DAY TRAINING COLLEGES: 
THEIR ORIGIN, GROWTH, AND INFLU- 
ENCE IN ENGLISH EDUCATION. 

In June, 1882, there began at a meeting of the 
Birmingham School Board a discussion which was 
destined to have a decisive influence upon the training 
of teachers for elementary schools in England and 
Wales. Mr. George Dixon, the Chairman of the Board, 
moved that a memorial be sent to the Education Depart- 
ment urging the advisability of the passing of an Act 
of Parliament to empower School Boards to establish 
additional training colleges. In matters of education 
Mr. Dixon spoke with the authority of long experience 
and of leadership. It was at his house in Birmingham 
that, with the help of Mr. Chamberlain, Dr. R. W. Dale 
and others, the National Educational League was 
founded in 1868 for the purpose of carrying on an active 
propaganda for the establishment of public elementary 
schools throughout the country. As one of the members 
for Birmingham, Mr. Dixon had taken a leading part 
in the House of Commons in the discussions on Mr. 
Forster's Elementary Education Bill. He had been a 
member of the Birmingham School Board from its 
establishment in 1870, and in 1876 had followed Mr. 
Chamberlain as its Chairman. No one had done more 
to convince public opinion of the necessity of compulsory 
education and of making the provision and maintenance 
of elementary schools part of the work of local govern- 
ment. He had been a pioneer in the movement for 
higher grade Board schools, one of which he had 
equipped at his own expense. In urging his colleagues, 
therefore, to press upon the Department the need for a 
great enlargement in the supply of training colleges, 
Mr. Dixon spoke with the responsibility of a man who 



io DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

had, during the preceding fifteen years, successfully 
initiated some of the chief changes in English educa- 
tional policy. 

The memorial which the members of the Board were 
asked to approve drew attention to the fact that less than 
half of the candidates who passed the requisite examina- 
tion for admission into training colleges could be 
received into residence in consequence of insufficient 
accommodation; that nearly 30 per cent, of the certificated 
masters and nearly 50 per cent, of the certificated 
mistresses then employed in public elementary schools 
had not been college-trained; that it was highly desir- 
able that the whole of the schools of the country should 
be supplied with teachers possessing the highest possible 
qualifications; and that "the ecclesiastical restrictions 
imposed by the large majority of the existing training 
colleges acted to the disadvantage of pupil teachers in 
the Board Schools and presented a serious obstacle to 
the entrance into the teaching profession of many well- 
qualified candidates." The Department therefore was 
asked to give its early and careful attention to the matter 
and to take steps to obtain for School Boards "power 
to establish training colleges to which grants should be 
made on a scale proportionate to those now given to 
existing training colleges." 

The debate, which began in June, was twice resumed 
in July, then adjourned till October and brought to a 
conclusion in November, when the memorial to the 
Department was carried by 8 votes to 6.* 

Two points were at issue between the evenly balanced 
parties on the Board, viz., (i) the seasonableness of the 
reference to ecclesiastical restrictions in the majority of 
the existing training colleges, and (2) the question 
whether School Boards should have power to establish 
residential institutions for the training of teachers. The 
Liberal majority resented the fact that the greater 

* See the School Board Chronicle, June 10, July 22, October 14, and 
November 11, 1882. The original form of the memorial was altered 
between the meetings of July 6 and October 5. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH u 

number of the training colleges were in close connection 
with religious bodies and therefore not open to candi- 
dates who were unwilling to accept the denominational 
restrictions involved. The same party on the Board 
desired to see the statutory powers of the School Boards 
so extended as to include the right to establish and main- 
tain out of rates, with the assistance of Government 
grants, residential colleges of an undenominational or 
secular type. On the other hand, the Conservative 
minority objected to the form of the reference to the 
existing training colleges which, while emphasising their 
denominational restrictions, failed to recognise the 
excellence of their work and the fact that the conditions 
which they imposed were entirely acceptable to large 
numbers of intending teachers. The same party 
deprecated the proposed enlargement of School Board 
powers, in the belief that the establishment of rate-aided 
residential colleges upon an undenominational or secular 
basis would eventually make precarious or untenable the 
position of the denominational colleges which, though 
receiving Government grants, would be debarred from 
assistance from the rates. The conflict between the two 
parties on the Birmingham School Board thus turned 
upon the point whether the balance between the denomi- 
national and undemoninational principles which had been 
struck by the Education Act of 1870 should be for the 
present left undisturbed. The one party held that any 
great extension of School Board responsibilities should 
be restrained until such time as the School Boards, or 
some future form of local authority, had been entrusted 
with power to aid denominational and undenominational 
schools and colleges alike. The other party maintained 
that the time had come for a large development of the 
powers of the School Boards without any departure from 
the principle which limited the application of rate-aid 
to educational institutions of an undenominational or 
secular type. This was the controversy which lay 
behind the debate in the Birmingham School Board in 
1882. But in the course of the discussion the significant 



12 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

fact had emerged that both parties were now agreed that 
further training college accommodation had become 
necessary, particularly for women, and that the need 
for an increased number of undenominational training 
colleges was especially urgent. In view of this agree- 
ment, Mr. E. F. M. McCarthy, who held a central 
position upon the Birmingham School Board, proposed 
that the form of the memorial should be so changed as 
to allow a unanimous vote in its support. He suggested 
that the reference to existing ecclesiastical restrictions 
should be omitted and that the Department should be 
asked to move Parliament to give School Boards the 
power of establishing day, but not residential, training 
colleges. Mr. McCarthy's amendment was rejected by 
the Liberal majority and the original memorial, when 
brought up for final vote, was in turn opposed by the 
Conservatives on the Board. But Mr. McCarthy had 
accurately discerned the line of possible advance. The 
establishment of day training colleges had been shown 
by the discussion to be a policy upon which, without 
surrender of principle, each of the two contending 
parties could unite. This was the illuminating result 
of the Birmingham debate, at the close of which the 
Chairman, Mr. Dixon, justly remarked that in approv- 
ing the establishment of day training colleges the Board 
was unanimous. It will be seen in the sequel that the 
significance of this limited agreement did not escape 
the notice of the Education Department. 

In 1882, when the Birmingham debate took place, the 
effects of the Elementary Education Act of 1870 had 
already had time to show themselves not only in the 
registers of school attendance and in the personnel of 
the teaching staff but also in the growth of a strong 
body of opinion which aimed at bringing the whole of 
popular education under public control. During the 
twelve years 1870 1882, the increase of the population 
had been about 15^ per cent., while the number of 
children on the registers of public elementary schools 
had increased 258 per cent. There were 3,000,000 more 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 13 

children on the registers in 1882 than there had been in 
1870. Questions of educational policy and organisation 
thus presented themselves upon a scale which rendered 
former methods of administration antiquated and obso- 
lete. It was clear that, whatever might be the future 
of denominational effort in national education (and the 
majority of English people desired that it should 
continue to bear a great part in the work), private 
philanthropy and denominational benevolence could no 
longer keep up with the demand for wider opportunities 
for the professional training of teachers. During the 
twelve years, 1870 1882, the number of certificated 
teachers had increased 119 per cent.* The recruiting 
and professional preparation of so greatly enlarged a 
body of teachers presented problems which over-taxed 
the existing organisation and called for public interven- 
tion on a large scale. In 1870 there were 33 training 
colleges in England. In 1882, in spite of the immense 
increase in the number of those preparing for the teach- 
ing profession, only six new training colleges had been 
built. Out of the 39 training colleges which were open 
in 1882, all but four were denominational. 

Those who watched the course of events observed that 
one effect of the rapid increase of public elementary 
schools was the more extended employment of women 
teachers. Ever since about 1848 an increasing number 
of women in England had sought for opportunities of 
active professional employment. The growth of sister- 
hoods, the reform in methods of hospital nursing and 
the rapidly increasing number of women teachers were 
all signs of a new tendency in English life, a movement 
fraught with social and economic consequences of the 
first importance. The statistics of teachers in the public 
elementary schools in England and Wales clearly reflect 

* These percentages are based on the totals given in Special Reports 
on Educational Subjects, Vol. I, pp. 46 and 48. The percentages of 
increase in the number of teachers were slightly larger than those given, 
which are based upon the total number of teachers in the schools in 
1880, not 1882. 



i 4 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

the new tendency. In 1850, men certificated teachers 
had outnumbered women by nearly 3 to i. In 1860, 
women certificated teachers were 44 per cent, of the 
whole. In 1870, the number of men and women certifi- 
cated teachers was nearly equal, the women being 48 
per cent. In 1880 the men certificated teachers were 
already far outnumbered by the women, the latter being 
56 per cent, of the whole.* These percentages refer to 
the certificated teachers only. In the other categories 
the growth of women teachers had been even more 
remarkable. 

In yet another way the Education Act of 1870 affected 
the problem of the training of teachers. It had set up 
for the first time in each of the great cities a public 
authority elected by the ratepayers, charged from the 
first with large duties and tending always to seek some 
extension of its responsibilities. The discussions of the 
School Boards were an entirely new factor in English 
public life. For the first time elementary education was 
systematically handled as a department of public service. 
For the first time men and women drawn from different 
social groups and from various religious denominations 
had been set to co-operate with one another in grappling 
with educational destitution and with many of the evils 
to which it gave rise. A tradition of School Board 
policy had established itself. Those who served upon 
the Boards, however much they might differ from one 
another in some points of political principle, were driven 
by the logic of facts to admit the necessity for extended 
public action in English education and to chafe against 

* See Special Reports on Educational Subjects, Vol. I, page 46, and 
Vol. II, page 541. The actual figures were : In 1850, men certificated 
teachers 118, women 275; in 1860, men 3,577; women 2,856; in 1870, men 
6,537, women 6,207; in 1880, men 13,521; women 17,901. For 1909 the 
figures are for men 32,026, women 62V747, the women being 66 per cent, 
of the whole. Thus in the sixty years which have elapsed since 1850, 
the proportion of men and women among certificated teachers has been 
almost exactly reversed. At the earlier date, out of every three certi- 
ficated teachers, two were men. At the present time, out of every three 
certificated teachers, two are women. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 15 

some of the restrictions which Parliament had placed 
upon their work. Payment by results had begun to 
disappear as early as 1875. The action of the Science 
and Art Department in creating in 1872 a special type 
of classes called Organised Science Schools, which were 
intended to give a continuous and systematic course of 
scientific training at the close of the ordinary elementary 
day school course, pointed towards a new form of 
secondary education easily accessible to the elementary 
day school pupil and based upon a new and less literary 
curriculum. The old restricted idea of elementary 
education was breaking under the thrust of new social 
demands. The most intelligent English workmen 
desired for their children educational advantages not 
inferior to those afforded by the American cities. Many 
of the members of the School Boards were well- 
acquainted with American organisation and with the 
standards of the Scottish schools. Thus the outlook in 
English education had rapidly altered. The debate in 
the Birmingham School Board in 1882 was a sign of 
coming change. The growth of a new ideal in English 
elementary education had made the old methods of 
supply and the former standards of attainment inade- 
quate and unsatisfactory. 

While these changes were taking place in that part of 
English educational policy which was mainly concerned 
with elementary schools, the developments in higher 
education were not less significant from the point of view 
of the training of teachers. In 1871, the Universities 
Tests Act had removed practically all the remaining 
religious tests and disabilities at the Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge and had established in the public 
mind the idea of a University as an institution freely 
accessible to students of every denomination. Secondly, 
residence and study at the Universities was made 
possible for women by the establishment at Cambridge 
of Girton College (1872) and Newnham (1875); by the 
establishment of the Women's College at Manchester in 
1877; by the foundation of Lady Margaret and Somer- 



16 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

ville Halls at Oxford in 1878-9; by the Supplemental 
Charter (1878) which enabled the University of London 
to hold examinations for women ; and by the Charter 
(1880) granted to the Victoria University, which, except 
in the case of medicine, gave women access to all 
degrees. Thirdly, University Colleges had been estab- 
lished in rapid succession in many of the great centres 
of population. The Owens College in Manchester, the 
oldest of the group, had begun its work in 1851, had 
been incorporated in 1871, and had been moved to its 
present site in 1874; the Durham College of Science at 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne had been established in 1871 ; the 
Yorkshire College, Leeds, in 1872 ; University College, 
Bristol, in 1876; Firth College, Sheffield, in 1879; 
University College, Nottingham, in 1881 ; and Univer- 
sity College, Liverpool, in 1882. Of the three Welsh 
Colleges, Aberystwyth was opened in 1872 ; Cardiff, in 
1883; and Bangor, in 1884. Fourthly, Mr. J. G. Fitch 
had urged in 1876 that training colleges for secondary 
school teachers should be established in connection with 
Universities or University Colleges.* Subsequently a 
Teachers* Training Syndicate had been appointed by 
the University of Cambridge in 1879, and the University 
of London had held its first examination in the Art, 
Theory, and History of Education in 1883. Thus, for 
the first time in England and Wales, education of the 
University type was brought, so far as these centres were 
concerned, within the reach of those wider classes from 
which, for many generations, the Scottish Universities 
had drawn the majority of their students. 

Alike, therefore, in elementary and in University 
education, English conditions were in some respects 
becoming more closely assimilated to those of Scotland. 
University education was being made more accessible 
to the masses of the people; and the older idea of the 
public elementary school as an institution confined 

* Article on "The Universities and the Training of Teachers," 
Contemporary Review, December, 1876. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 17 

intellectually to the rudiments of learning and socially 
to the labouring poor was giving way before the demand 
for a new type of school in which higher teaching would 
be combined with the elementary, and the educational 
opportunities of which would become attractive to the 
middle as well as to the lower ranks of the community. 
It was natural, therefore, that Scottish experience and 
precedent should now become more operative in English 
education than at any earlier time. And it was in 
respect of the desired enlargement of training college 
accommodation that Scottish influence at this stage 
became decisive in our policy. The debate in the 
Birmingham School Board in 1882 had pointed to the 
day training college as the means of providing increased 
facilities for the training of teachers. The old Univer- 
sities, now definitely free from tests, and the new 
University Colleges, which had sprung up in quick 
succession in many of the great cities and all of which 
offered facilities for the education of women, were avail- 
able as centres at which to place the new type of training 
college. But it is unlikely that the bold step of connect- 
ing the Universities with the training of teachers for 
elementary schools would have been taken in England 
so promptly and vigorously had it not been that the 
example of Scotland furnished an encouraging precedent 
for such a course. In order to explain, however, the 
influence which Scottish precedent thus had upon 
English educational policy, a short account must be 
given here of the history of the training of teachers in 
Scotland. 

It had been the pride of the best of the parish schools 
in Scotland that a considerable number of their scholars 
went to the Universities, and that, as a result, a great 
number of the teachers in those schools had an academic 
qualification. In England also there had originally 
been this close connection between the Universities and 
the Grammar Schools, part of the work of which was to 
give elementary education. But through the absence of 
municipal or other form of direct public control over the 



i8 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

English Grammar Schools, the latter had, in the great 
majority of cases, become sectional in their clientele, 
their tendency towards exclusiveness having been 
strengthened by the denominational restrictions at the 
Universities and by a narrow interpretation of their 
statutes when the founder's will had emphasised the 
teaching of the classics. The ancient connection 
between the Universities and popular education, thus 
almost, though not entirely, broken in England, had 
been maintained, however imperfectly, in Scotland. But 
three things prevented the Scottish Universities from 
meeting the greatly increased demand for teachers which 
sprang up in the early years of the nineteenth century 
and which led, in 1833, to the assignment of a Parlia- 
mentary grant for the building of schools for the poor. 
The Scottish Universities did not at that time admit 
women, and trained women teachers \vere necessary if 
the educational destitution of the great cities was to be 
effectively grappled with. Further, the Universities 
furnished no special courses of preparation for the teach- 
ing profession. And thirdly, even if the question had 
been raised, it would have been held remote from the 
functions of a University to provide special training for 
teachers in the schools for infants and young children, 
the need of which was recognised as urgent, especially 
in the slum districts of the large towns. For these 
reasons, during the earlier part of the nineteenth century, 
the training of teachers became the business of a number 
of normal colleges, established independently of the 
Universities upon the model adopted in England also. 
At the same time the Scottish Universities did not cease 
to send out teachers to many of those parochial and 
burgh schools which represented the older and more 
characteristically Scottish educational tradition. There 
were thus in Scotland two separate sources of supply for 
teachers in the schools which provided elementary 
education. The Committee of Council, then common 
to Scotland and England, confined its grants and atten- 
tion to the normal schools of the new type, though as early 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 19 

as 1830 Parliament had made an independent grant to 
two of the Scottish Universities for the extension of their 
buildings. At first the growth of these new State-aided 
normal colleges, the services of which were needed for 
the supply of teachers to districts insufficiently provided 
with schools, attracted little attention from the Scottish 
Universities. A grant was made in 1839 by the Com- 
mittee of Council to the Glasgow Educational Society 
which had been established in 1826 by David Stow and 
others and which, in providing teachers for infant 
departments, had been much influenced by Wilderspin's 
methods and suggestions. In 1841 the Committee of 
Council granted ; 10,000 to the General Assembly of 
the Church of Scotland for the establishment of two 
normal schools, one in Edinburgh and one in Glasgow, 
together with ^1,000 a year towards their annual main- 
tenance. The Glasgow Educational Society transferred 
their building in Glasgow to the General Assembly 
under this arrangement. Thus, in Scotland, as in 
England, the great religious denominations entered into 
close co-operation with the State in the work of training 
teachers for the public elementary schools which were 
aided out of Parliamentary grant. But from the first 
there were some far-sighted men who desired that the 
ancient connection between the Scottish Universities and 
the elementary schools should be closely maintained by 
the establishment of training departments in connec- 
tion with the Universities themselves. Professor 
Pillans, in 1828, had suggested the appointment of a 
professorship of Education at one of the Scottish 
Universities. This recommendation was renewed in 
1840 by Mr. Robert Cunningham who had studied the 
normal school system in Prussia, France, Switzerland 
and the United States and, on his return, became the 
rector of Stow's normal school in Glasgow. In 1862 an 
anonymous writer in the Museum, a quarterly magazine 
of educational literature and science published in Edin- 
burgh, argued that it had been a mistake not to use the 
Universities in Scotland for the training of teachers 



20 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

instead of setting up special normal colleges. The 
normal college, he contended, was necessary in England 
but not in Scotland. In England the Universities stood 
apart from and above the poorer classes of the population 
and it was accordingly necessary to provide some special 
course of instruction and training for teachers and to 
devise means for bringing it within their reach. In 
Scotland, however, the case was different. There were 
four Universities where, for from 2$ to ,30 per 
annum, a man could enjoy the highest education which 
the country then afforded. His preliminary education 
could be obtained without difficulty and "so widespread 
was the ambition for intellectual distinction among the 
youth of the country, with a view either to the Church 
or the School, that even a peasant did not grudge the 
time spent by his son in the acquisition of learning, if 
the latter could manage to earn enough, in one way or 
another, to defray the cost of schooling and of books." 
The writer concluded therefore that in a country " where 
a connection and reciprocity already existed between the 
University and the primary school ... it would have 
been a wise course to have contented ourselves with 
extending and improving a system into which the 
country had instinctively fallen as that best suited to its 
wants and habits." He recommended that teachers' 
bursaries should be established at each University and 
that the special or professional training should be pro- 
vided by founding Chairs of the Principles and Practice 
of Teaching and connecting with them model or 
practising schools outside the University walls. During 
two full University sessions the student would give his 
attention to classics, mathematics and the English 
language and literature (his familiarity with the ordinary 
subjects of instruction in an elementary school being 
secured by the bursary entrance examination), and 
would devote the summer session of each year to attend- 
ance at the University lectures on education and to a 
study of organisation and methods in the model school. 
The men teachers would, according to this plan, be 






THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 21 

trained at the Universities, and the normal schools would 
be retained, in such numbers as might be found neces- 
sary, for the training of the women teachers.* 

Scottish opinion quickly ripened in favour of assign- 
ing to the Universities a leading part in the training of 
teachers. It was fortunate that some of the chief Normal 
Schools in Scotland were placed in Edinburgh and 
Glasgow where attendance at University classes could 
be easily combined with the ordinary course of instruc- 
tion in the Training College itself. In 1862 the 
Education Committee of the Free Church announced 
that students at its Normal School in Edinburgh "who 
during their two years' training had given proof of 
distinguished ability in classics or mathematics, com- 
bined with superior teaching power, might be encouraged 
to continue their studies in those subjects at the 
University with a view to still further preparing them- 
selves for their duties as teachers." f An important 
witness before the Argyll Commission in 1864, Mr. 
John Gordon, then one of the Government Inspectors 
of Schools, but from 1825-44 Secretary of the Education 
Scheme of the Church of Scotland, stated that "Univer- 
sity attendance by teachers was greatly to be encouraged" 
and suggested for consideration "whether a session or 
two at the University might not be required of the 
candidates for some schools, e.g., the parochial." But 
he pointed out that the Universities were not available 
for all men students or for any women, and that they 
did not give so effectively as the normal schools "the sort 
of knowledge required for elementary teaching." The 
evidence led the Commissioners to recommend, where 
possible, a combination of University courses with 
normal school training. On this subject they quoted 
with approval the following passage from Mr. Kerr's 
report to the Committee of Council in 1865, "The leading 
difference between the parish teachers of the old school 

* The Museum, July, 1862, article, "Training Schools in Scotland," pp. 
199202. 

j- Argyll Commission, First Report, 1864, page 128. 



22 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

and teachers trained at normal schools is this : the 
former know much more and have more general culture, 
but cannot teach so well, having paid little or no atten- 
tion to the art of teaching ; the latter know much less 
but can teach better what they know. The few instances 
we have of the combination of University with Normal 
School training, that is of general culture with training 
to teach, furnish a strong argument in favour of the com- 
bination being made as general as possible." * 

In 1873 the Scotch Education Department, which had 
been established under the Education (Scotland) Act 
1872, recognised the Universities as one source of the 
supply of certificated teachers for elementary schools. 
Section 47 of the Code declared that graduates in Arts 
or Science of any University in the United Kingdom, 
who should satisfy an inspector of their practical skill 
as teachers, were admissible to be examined for certifi- 
cates. Section 102 (b) permitted Queen's Scholars, 
with the consent of the authorities of their training 
college, to attend, during the winter session of each year 
of their instruction in the training college, one or two 
(but not more) of the classes in a Scotch University, 
prescribed for graduation in Arts or Science. Such 
students, if attending two University classes during the 
session, were allowed to reckon two hours of attendance 
per diem at the training college as equivalent to regular 
attendance. Thus it was in Scotland that the British 
Government first formally approved attendance at 
University courses as part of the professional training 
of teachers for State-aided schools. 

Three years later the trustees of Dr. Andrew Bell, 
who, at his death in 1832, had bequeathed his large 
fortune for educational purposes, decided to devote part 
of the funds which were in their keeping to the estab- 
lishment of Chairs of Education at the Universities of 
Edinburgh and St. Andrews. These new professorships 
were to be called the Bell Chairs of the Theory, History 

* Argyll Commission, Second Report, 1867, page cxlvii. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 23 

and Art of Education. The first Bell professor at 
Edinburgh was Mr. S. S. Laurie, who had for many 
years urged that the Universities should take a more 
active part in furthering the scientific study of education 
and that the most promising candidates among those 
preparing themselves for the teaching profession should 
be encouraged by the Government to undertake their 
professional training at a University.* 

English opinion, however, was much less ripe than 
that in Scotland for such a development of the training 
of teachers. This is shown by the reception given in 
1858 to a suggestion made by Mr. J. D. Morell, H.M. 
Inspector of Schools, that the trustees of the Owens 
College should offer courses of training for those intend- 
ing to become teachers in public elementary schools. 
Mr. Morell's plan was that the Owens College Trust 
should provide a building 1 with lecture rooms and also 
establish a residential hostel or hostels for students 
wishing to undergo a training t for the purpose of 
becoming teachers. He thought that Owens College 
might do for the North what the Borough Road 
Training College had done in London, but he further 
suggested that the Bishop of Manchester should be 
approached with a view to his encouraging the National 
Society to approve the attendance of Church of England 
teachers at the proposed new classes. The idea was 
that the students, besides attending professional courses 
at the training college, should read for London Univer- 
sity degrees. This was the first considered proposal 
for the establishment of a University training college 
for teachers in England. It showed great foresight on 
the part of Mr. Morell as to the service which the Owens 
College was destined to render to English education. 
The fact that from 1853 onwards the College had pro- 
vided, at the request of schoolmasters in National and 

* S. S. Laurie, "Inaugural Address delivered on the Occasion of the 
Founding of the Chair of the Institutes and History of Education in 
the University of Edinburgh," 1876, pages 5-6 ; and "Essay on the 
Educational Wants of Scotland," 1881-2, published in The Training of 
Teachers (London, 1882), pages 229 ff. 



24 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

British schools in Manchester, classes in mathematics 
and classics, made Mr. Morell's scheme, which was but 
an extension of this policy, natural and appropriate. 
In the session 1857-8 these Schoolmasters' Classes, as 
they were called, provided more than a quarter of the 
aggregate attendance at the College courses. Principal 
Greenwood gave a general approval to Mr. Morell's 
scheme and in his report to the trustees carefully 
summed up the advantages of the plan and the objections 
to it. He pointed out that the training department 
would bring a number of new students to the College; 
that the courses of study required by Government in 
the training department would correspond very closely 
with that already arranged in the College ; and that the 
accession of a large number of earnest and industrious 
students would have a beneficial effect upon the tone of 
the whole College. On the other hand, Principal 
Greenwood had to admit that objection might be felt to 
the introduction of a number of young men of a " some- 
what miscellaneous description." " It might be true 
that their earnestness would do more good than their 
lower social rank would do harm ; still an unfavourable 
impression, however groundless, might be produced to 
the prejudice of the founder's institution."* 

* Joseph Thompson, The Owens College; its Foundation and Growth 
(Manchester, 1886), pp. 200 ff. Mr. Thompson, writing a few years 
before the establishment of the day training college, took in retrospect 
an unfavourable view of Mr. Morell's scheme. "The union of a training 
school with the College would have brought down the latter to the level 
of the former ; a private institution would inevitably have surrendered 
to the Government school ; and it would have been impossible to develop 
the College into the noble institution it afterwards became" (p. 203). 
He rejoiced over the subsequent failure of the plan. "Thus was the 
College happily delivered from committing a great mistake. It was 
very tempting, when numbers were few and funds low, to co-operate 
with Government officials; but such a union would have become an 
intolerable bondage to the professors and would have absolutely strangled 
that development which is only attainable ' with freedom of action. 
Better days were in store for the College and the thought of co-operation 
was never revived." As a matter of fact, the day training college was 
established four years after these words were written. 




W. T. GOODE, M.A., 
Late Master of Method in the University of Manchester. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 25 

At the close of the year Principal Greenwood went to 
London to talk over the subject with Mr. Morell and 
with Mr.Lingen (afterwards Lord Lingen), the Secretary 
of the Education Department. The Department urged 
that, if the scheme were taken up, the management of 
Owens College and of the new training college must be 
kept wholly distinct; that the lectures given by the 
professors of the College to the pupils of the training 
school would have to be delivered in special classes; 
that the lectures might be given either at Owens College 
or in the training college ; but that it would be desirable 
to move the former (which was then carried on in a large 
private house, formerly inhabited by Richard Cobden, 
in Quay Street) to another site more suitable to the 
needs of training college students. Government grants 
would have been available towards meeting the expense 
of teaching and the College was assured that the 
Government inspection would not lead to any interfer- 
ence with the methods of instruction. It was reported, 
however, that with regard to two subjects the character 
of the regulations imposed by the Privy Council was 
such that the necessary discretion and independence of 
the teachers in those subjects would be injuriously 
shackled. The Minutes of the Committee of Council on 
Education throw no light upon this mysterious refer- 
ence. The Minute relating to the subject ran as 
follows : 

" To promote in training colleges a thorough study of the subjects 
proper to elementary instruction, their Lordships grant 100 annually 
to such resident lecturers as shall receive, independently of those 
augmentations, salaries of not less than 150 annually, provided that 
each lecturer in respect to whom such an augmentation of salary is 
granted afford evidence satisfactory to their Lordships of his attain- 
ments in one, or at the most two, of the branches of knowledge 
enumerated below, and of skill in adapting them to the purposes of 
elementary instruction : 

1. History. 

2. English literature. 

3. Geography. 

4. Physical science. 

5. Applied mathematics. 



26 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

In judging of the claims of candidates for such augmentations, 
their Lordships seek the advice of persons eminent for their attain- 
ments in these several branches of knowledge. Their Lordships do 
not grant more than one such augmentation of salary in any training 
school when the number of students in residence does not exceed 30, 
nor more than two where the number does not exceed 60, nor more 
than three such augmentations in any case." 

On the face of it, this Minute does not seem to warrant 
any fear of Governmental interference with the inde- 
pendence of the professors. But evidently there was 
some cause for alarm as the professors unanimously 
passed the following resolution: "That the professors 
of Owens College, having had under their consideration 
the question referred to them by the trustees on the 
expediency of proposed co-operation between the Owens 
College and a training school to be founded in 
Manchester, are of opinion that, owing to the nature of 
the regulations imposed by the Privy Council in respect 
of certain of the subjects to be taught, they cannot, 
consistently with their views on the true principles of 
education, recommend that the proposed connection be 
entered into." The professors however added the 
suggestion that "to prove the readiness of the College 
to aid in promoting to the utmost of its power the 
educational interests of this district, an offer might be 
made to hold special classes for training-school pupils 
(should a sufficient number of pupils come forward) in 
those subjects in which the above objection does not 
apply." The trustees, when they received through the 
Principal this resolution of the professors, decided that 
it was not at present expedient "to take any initiatory 
steps towards a connection with the Government training 
schools."* The classes for schoolmasters continued, 
though the numbers attending them fell off seriously in 
the session 1858-9 owing to a change in the regulations 
of the University of London by which membership of 
an affiliated college was made no longer a necessary 

* Thompson, The Oivens College, pp. 208-9. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 27 

qualification for a degree in Arts. In 1865 tne Cobden 
Memorial Committee gave a sum of about ,1,500 
towards the endowment of a Chair of Political Economy 
in Owens College, on condition that the Professor 
delivered each session a course of weekly evening 
lectures to which any of the public primary school 
teachers engaged within the boroughs of Manchester 
and Salford should have free admission. Five years 
later, in June, 1870, Mr. Samuel Fielden of Todmorden 
contributed a considerable sum towards the salary of an 
assistant lecturer in Mathematics, one of the conditions 
being that the lecturer should deliver every session a 
course to a class of pupil teachers or certificated 
masters. f Thus, throughout the early years of its 
history, the importance of offering educational oppor- 
tunities to teachers engaged in elementary school work 
or preparing themselves for it was recognised both by 
benefactors to the College and by the professors on its 
staff. The friends of Owens College had realised from 
the first that it might do for its district what the Scottish 
Universities had accomplished for the cities in which 
they were placed. The Scottish precedent therefore of 
establishing a close connection between the University 
and the primary and secondary school teachers of the 
neighbourhood was naturally followed in Manchester, 
and prepared the way for the establishment (once again 
on Scottish lines) of a day training college at a later 
date. In thus offering University classes to school- 
masters the trustees and professors of Owens College 
were acting in sympathy with the views of Matthew 
Arnold who, in his general report for the year 1863, 
warmly approved plans which made University exami- 
nations and degrees accessible in England, as in Scot- 
land, to the teachers in elementary schools.* 

It was, however, during the deliberations of the Royal 
Commission appointed in 1886, under the chairmanship 

t Ibid., pp. 288 and 305. 

* Matthew Arnold, Repwts on Elementary Schools (London, 1889), 
pp. 107-8. 



28 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

of Lord Cross (then Sir R. A. Cross), to inquire into the 
working of the Elementary Education Acts in England 
and Wales, that the establishment of day training 
colleges in connection with the English Universities and 
University Colleges was first definitely formulated. In 
the Long Vacation of 1886, Jowett, whose Vice-Chan- 
cellorship at Oxford had just come to an end, travelled 
on the Continent with Mr. E. Lyulph Stanley (now Lord 
Sheffield) a member of the Royal Commission, and had 
much discussion with him on educational matters. 
" Whether primary education should or should not be 
free what could be done towards teaching the teachers 
the best arrangements for secondary education the 
relations of Board Schools and Voluntary Schools these 
were open questions then, as indeed most o'f them still 

are Jowett was most anxious that teachers in 

primary schools should be brought up to the Univer- 
sities : in fact arrangements had been made for a number 
of elementary schoolmasters to stay in Balliol for three 
weeks of this Long Vacation."* This passage proves 
that a closer connection between the Universities and 
the training of teachers was then in the thoughts of some 
of the most influential leaders of English education. 
And the evidence given before the Royal Commission 
shows how the idea of University day training colleges 
matured during the course of this long and important 
inquiry. 

Mr. McCarthy recalled to the Commissioners a second 
memorial which the Birmingham School Board had 
unanimously adopted in 1885, and had submitted to the 
Education Department, in favour of the establishment 
of non-residential training colleges in England like those 
permitted by the Scotch Code. He also submitted a 
carefully considered scheme for ten or twelve day train- 
ing colleges, each to accommodate about 250 students, 
in large centres of population. The suggested centres 
were London (2), Bristol, Cardiff or Swansea, Birming- 

* Abbott and Campbell, Life and Letter* of Benjamin Jowett 
(London. 1897), Vol. II, pp. 258-9 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 29 

ham, Nottingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds, and 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Liverpool was omitted as having 
recently opened an undenominational residential training 
college. He proposed that these colleges should be 
under the management of the local School Board and be 
supported wholly by the State. They were to be open 
to students of both sexes of 16 years and upwards. 
Maintenance bursaries were to be awarded on the result 
of the admission examination, which would be confined 
to the ordinary subjects taught in the secondary and 
higher grade primary schools in the district. Each 
student would spend two years as a full-time student at 
the training college, one year as a half-time student in 
college and a half-time teacher in an approved neigh- 
bouring school, and two years as a probationary teacher. 
The School Board would have power to organise one or 
more of the public elementary schools in the neighbour- 
hood of the College as practising or model schools. 
The School Board would further have power to co-opt 
on the Management Committee of the College any of the 
trustees or professors of the local University or Univer- 
sity College, to which also the training college might be 
affiliated. Attendance by selected students at courses or 
classes at the local University College was to be reckoned 
(as in Scotland) as equivalent to attendance at training 
college courses.* 

As the Commission proceeded with its work, it was 
evident that experienced opinion was converging upon 
the plan of University day training colleges to be 
organised somewhat on the Scottish model. The 
Education Reform League had waited upon the Vice- 
President of the Council, urging that the Code should 
be so altered as to allow Universities and University 
Colleges to receive grants for the training of teachers. f 
The Teachers' University Association had been founded, 
under the presidency of the Rev. S. A. Barnett, to help 
teachers to go to Oxford and Cambridge for short courses 

*Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. II, 1887, pp. 653-684. 
ilbid., evidence of E. B. Sargent, 54,703. 



30 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

of study in literature, classics, mathematics and science. 
Dr. Thomas Morrison, the Rector of the Free Church 
Normal Training College, Glasgow, had given detailed 
evidence as to the working of the day training colleges 
in Scotland and, with the weight of long experience, 
recommended the system as beneficial to the students 
and as affording a wise combination of professional 
training and of University influences.* Professor Henry 
Jones, then at Bangor, recommending the combination 
of training college and University instruction upon the 
Scottish model, advised its extension to Wales. f 

Dr. (now Sir N.) Bodington, Principal of the Yorkshire 
College, Leeds, submitted an elaborate scheme for the 
establishment of a University day training college. He 
had been to Edinburgh and Glasgow with the express 
purpose of discussing the matter with persons familiar 
with the day training colleges there and had found that 
their opinion was distinctly favourable to the plan. He 
had been in communication with the Leeds School Board 
and the Voluntary School managers of Leeds and 
could state that both were in favour of his proposal. 
The religious bodies of the city would co-operate in 
looking after the religious instruction of the students at 
the day training college. He recommended the scheme 
on six grounds. It would be economical in making use 
of existing buildings and of a considerable part of the 
University College staff ; it would attract into the teach- 
ing profession a superior type of candidate ; it would be 
especially convenient for women students living in the 
neighbourhood of the College; the students of the day 
training college would have the advantage of associating 
with students who were preparing themselves for other 
callings; the College had special facilities for giving 
instruction in the experimental sciences; finally, the 
adoption of the plan would increase the number of 
University students. The College would appoint a 

Lord Cross's Commission, 54,560. 
* Ibid.,Vo\. II, 38,396 ff. 
i-Ibid., Vol. Ill, 50,783 ff. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 31 

Master of Method and would utilize some of the schools 
within easy reach as practising schools. He proposed 
that Government certificates should be given upon a 
College examination so far as the non-professional 
subjects were concerned and upon a Government exami- 
nation in the professional subjects. As soon as the 
Yorkshire College was admitted to the Victoria Univer- 
sity, a University examination w r ould take the place of 
the College examination.* 

The question was thus narrowing itself down to the 
point whether the proposed day training colleges should 
be organised by School Boards (the latter being given 
power to co-operate with the local University College), 
or whether the University or University College should 
itself be made responsible for the organisation of the day 
training department, the students having access to public 
elementary schools in the neighbourhood for purposes 
of practice. Official influence showed itself decisively 
in favour of the second plan. This followed the line of 
least resistance. Awkward questions as to the extension 
of the power of the School Boards would not be raised. 
The denominational difficulty, if not actually evaded, 
would be raised in a form less likely to provoke con- 
troversy. 

Mr. (afterwards Sir) Joshua Fitch, Inspector of Train- 
ing Colleges for Women, thought that the Scotch 
System, with certain modifications, might be judiciously 
adopted in England, f Mr. (afterwards Sir) H. E. 
Oakeley, Inspector of Training Colleges for Men, agreed 
with his colleague in thinking that the establishment of 
University day training colleges in England would meet 
a pressing need, while leaving untouched the residential 
training colleges which provided the more intimate 
influences of a closer corporate life and furnished for 
some students a more suitable course of training. Mr. 
Oakeley informed the Commissioners that he had received 
a letter from the Vice-Chancellor of theVictoriaUniversity 

* Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 54,101 ff. 
t Ibid., Vol. Ill, 56,739. 



32 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

(Dr. Greenwood), stating that the Owens College would 
endeavour to take up the scheme of day training colleges 
and to work it, and that the Victoria University (then 
consisting of Owens College and University College, 
Liverpool, but likely to include the Yorkshire College, 
Leeds, at a later stage) was prepared to co-operate and 
would be glad to see men and women who were training 
for the teaching profession avail themselves of the 
examinations for the Victoria University degrees. f The 
Rev. T. W. Sharpe, Chief Inspector of Schools, while 
preferring the residential system of training colleges, 
thought that Owens College, the Yorkshire College, 
Leeds, and Mason College, Birmingham, might be 
utilised in the training of teachers.* 

But the evidence which showed most clearly the trend 
of official opinion was that of Mr. Patrick Cumin, then 
Secretary of the Education Department. He advised 
the establishment of day training colleges under the 
direction of the local University Colleges and especially 
mentioned Manchester, Birmingham, Bangor and Car- 
diff as suitable centres for the experiment. A committee 
would be established in connection with the University 
College for the purpose of dealing with the department. 
This committee would settle the lectures to which the 
students would go and would be responsible for the 
places where they lived. "I do not propose," said Mr. 
Cumin, "to interfere in the slightest degree with the 
existing training colleges. They are to remain as they 
are. One of the objects is to make the position of the 
denominational colleges more secure by opening a new 
entrance for teachers as to which the question of denom- 
ination would not arise. I would have as little to do 
with religious views as there is at a Scotch University, 
where nobody asks you any questions and you merely go 
and attend the lectures." Mr. Cumin though that the 
course should be three years. He believed that the 
superior education thus offered would attract more candi- 

t Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 59, 169. 
* Ibid., Vol. I, 4,366. 








CATHERINE I. DODD, M.A., 

Late Mistress of Method and Lecturer in Education in the 
University of Manchester, 






THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 33 

dates to the teaching profession and that the position 
of the teachers would be improved as well as their real 
merit and teaching power. Mr. Cumin was prepared to 
see day training colleges established not only in towns 
where there was actually a University College but where 
there was a suitable provision for higher education of 
the University type. He pointed out that the day train- 
ing colleges would be available both for men and women, 
but he himself preferred separate colleges for the two 
sexes. The minimum age of admission to the Colleges 
should be 18.* This evidence showed the line which 
the permanent officials at the Education Department 
thought it advisable to take. They threw the weight of 
their advice on the side of Dr. Bodington's scheme and 
against the plan of School Board training colleges 
suggested by Mr. McCarthy. 

In their Final Report, which was published in 1888, 
the Royal Commissioners, greatly divided on many 
points of educational policy, were unanimous in recom- 
mending that day training colleges should be established 
in connection with the local University Colleges. The 
majority of the Commissioners threw their findings on 
this subject into the following form : 

" While unanimously recommending that the experiment of a system 
of day training for teachers, and of day training colleges, should be 
tried on a limited scale, we would strongly express our opinion that 
the existing system of residential colleges is the best ; and this 
recommendation is made chiefly with the view of meeting the cases 
of those teachers for whom, for various reasons, residence at a 
training college cannot at present be provided. 

" Existing training colleges should be permitted to receive day 
students on terms, in regard to instruction in religious subjects, similar 
to those of the Endowed Schools Act of 1869, section 16." (i.e., a 
conscience clause exempting pupils in boarding houses from attending 
religious worship or religious instruction.) 

" Considering the large need which exists for more ample or more 
generally available opportunities of training, and the importance of 
giving every facility for training to those who now obtain certificates 
without it, an experiment should be made of training non-residential 
students in connection with local University Colleges, subject to the 

* Lord Cross's Commission, Vol. Ill, 58,934 ff. 



34 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

condition that only a limited number of students should receive 
Government assistance towards their training. Such a number of 
students should be aided by the department as are found practically 
necessary to complete the supply of trained teachers who should be 
largely substituted for the present mass of untrained and uncertincated 
teachers. 

" Without defining too minutely how the new day training colleges 
should be administered, (we think that) their government should be 
both educational and of a locally representative character. 

. . . . " No portion of the cost of establishing or maintaining new 
day training colleges should fall upon the rates. 

" The following points will require the serious attention of Parlia- 
ment : (1) The question of security for the religious and moral 
instruction of those who are to be trained as teachers ; (2) the 
constitution of a governing body at each centre, corresponding to the 
managing committee of a training college, which at some pecuniary 
risk will be responsible for the professional, as distinguished from the 
general, education of the students, and will provide model and 
practising schools under its own direct control and supervision ; (3) 
the adjustment of the financial relations of the governing body with 
the Department, more especially in regard to the security to be given 
to the State that the students, after being trained at the public cost, 
will devote themselves to the work of elementary teachers ; (4) the 
means of securing that the supply of trained day students shall not 
exceed the probable demands of the country."* 

The minority of the Commission, in a separate report, 
"while regretting the limitations which restrict the force 
of their colleagues' recommendations, were glad to 
agree with them in desiring .... the extension of 
training generally by the association of day students 

* Final Report of the Cross Commission, 1888, pp. 211-212. This 
report was signed by the Chairman and 14 out of 22 other Commis- 
sioners. The detailed discussion of the day training college system will 
be found on pages 98-102 of the Majority Report. One of the Majority, 
Sir F. R. Sand ford, formerly Secretary of the Education Department, 
expressed himself as uncertain as to the ability of the new University 
Colleges to supply the training required, and therefore confined his 
approval to "an experiment on a limited scale of a system of non- 
residential training, in connection with institutions for higher education, 
whose authorities satisfy the Department that suitable arrangements can 
be made for the professional as well as the general instruction of those 
who are preparing for future employment as teachers" (Final Report, 
p. 229). 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 35 

with places of higher general education, and in the 
recommendation of a conscience clause for day students 
who might be admitted to the existing training col- 
leges." f 

Thus, in the summer of 1888, it was already clear that 
the establishment of University day training colleges 
was only a question of time. Meanwhile the assign- 
ment of a Parliamentary grant to the University Colleges 
of Cardiff, Bangor and Aberystwyth in 1883-4 had 
accustomed the mind of the country to a closer co-opera- 
tion between the Government and the Universities. In 
Scotland, Government grants for University extension 
had not been infrequent. In England, the precedents 
were less distinct, and the great wealth of Oxford and 
Cambridge had prevented the question of Government 
grants to University work from becoming an urgent 
question of public policy. But so far back as 1868 an 
influential deputation from Lancashire had waited on 
the Government (Mr. Disraeli being then Chancellor 
of the Exchequer) to press upon them the claims of 
Owens College for a Government grant of ^"100,000, in 
aid of the College extension scheme, a similar grant 
which had recently been made to the University of 
Glasgow being taken as a precedent. The Duke of 
Devonshire's Commission on Scientific Instruction had 
recommended in 1874 a Government grant to the London 
University Colleges and to Owens College, though 
nothing came of this recommendation. But the grants 
to the Welsh Colleges in 1883-4, combined with what 
had been done for Scotland, pointed towards similar 
developments of Government policy in England. And 
in 1889 the House of Commons voted the first Treasury 
grant in aid of the new University Colleges. After this 
great change, the idea of the Universities and University 
Colleges administering Parliamentary grants for the 
training of teachers met with little opposition. 

In May, 1890 (Mr., afterwards Sir, George Kekewich 
having been appointed in the previous February Secre- 

t Final Report, page 238. 



36 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

tary to the Education Department in succession to the 
late Mr. Cumin), the Department issued regulations for 
the recognition of day training colleges. The definition 
of a training college was altered. In the Code of 1889 
a training college had been defined as "an institution 
for boarding, lodging and instructing students who are 
preparing to become certificated teachers in elementary 
schools." By the Code of 1890 training colleges were 
divided into two groups, residential and day. The 
residential college was allowed to receive day as well as 
boarding students ; the day training college was required 
to be "attached to some University or College of 
University rank." These were the words which deter- 
mined the position of the day training colleges for the 
next fourteen years. The Code of 1890 further provided 
that "the authorities of a day training college must be 
a local committee who will be responsible for the 
discipline and moral supervision of the students and for 
their regular attendance at professorial or other lectures." 
In 1889 the training colleges (all residential) recognised 
by the Department had numbered 44, 18 being for men 
and 26 for women. All but five of the former and all but 
nine of the latter were in connection with the Church of 
England. In the year 1890, seven University Colleges 
made successful application for the establishment of day 
training departments, viz., King's College, London ; 
Owens College, Manchester; Durham College of 
Science, Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; Firth College, Sheffield ; 
Mason College, Birmingham; University College, Not- 
tingham ; University College, Cardiff. An application 
had also been received from University College, Bristol, 
but in view of the want of suitable accommodation in 
the College buildings and of the fact that extensive 
additions were then in progress, the Council of the 
College was advised to postpone its formal application 
till the following year. The day training departments 
at King's College and Owens College proposed to 
receive men only; Mason College, Birmingham, pro- 
posed to receive women only; the plan at Nottingham, 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 37 

Cardiff, Durham and apparently at Sheffield was for a 
mixed College. The day training department at Firth 
College, Sheffield, however, did not actually start its 
work in 1890 as none of the students who had made 
application for entrance passed the Queen's Scholarship 
examination. Mr. Oakeley, in reporting upon the day 
training department at Owens College wrote: "The 
Committee is the strong College Council. Each student 
is to pay an annual fee of 8 ; strict rules are laid down 
as to their lodgings .... They began work with 25 
students in October, 1890. The students were very 
weak indeed in Latin, a difficulty which was met by a 
tutorial class being held four times a week, and at the 
end of the year they were attending the ordinary College 
course. Seventeen have entered for the Victoria pre- 
liminary examination, intending, if possible, to proceed 
to the Arts or Science degree. The Manchester School 
Board has placed some of their best schools at the 
disposal of the College as practising schools, and I am 
informed by the Master of Method that the students 
have been punctual and have worked well." * 

One effect of the new Day Training College regula- 
tions was to secure greater freedom in the course of 
study in the residential colleges also. But there was at 
first a little friction in the working of the new arrange- 
ments. The original circular of May 1890, while 
requiring all day training college students to pass the 

'Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1890-1, page 420. 

In this general history of the movement for the establishment of 
University Day Training Colleges it would be inappropriate to mention, 
in the case of our College but not of all, the names of those who 
rendered special service during the early and critical years. But those 
who are acquainted with the work of the Manchester University Day 
Training College will bear in remembrance the part played in the 
building up of the institution by Dr. Ward, Mr. E. J. Broadfield, 
Professors Dixon, Tout and Alexander, the late Professors Wilkins and 
Adamson, the late Principal Greenwood, Mr. W. T. Goode (the first 
Master of Method), Miss C. Dodd, and the late Professor H. L. Withers, 
who was the first occupant of the Chair of Education from 1899 till his 
death in 1902. 



38 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

examination prescribed in the Department's syllabus 
for reading, recitation, teaching and school management, 
announced that Whitehall would accept in other sub- 
jects the results of the College examination, provided 
that the course of instruction corresponded with the 
Government syllabus in extent and difficulty, and that 
the questions and worked papers were sent to the 
Department, with the marks awarded, in order that there 
might be an adjustment to the same standard as that 
adopted for the classification of students at the other 
colleges. This gave freedom to the Day Training 
Colleges, necessary freedom, as it was clear that "the 
Department could not enforce on all the University 
Colleges exactly the same books in language, or the same 
period in history, etc., year by year."* But this con- 
cession put the residential colleges at a disadvantage. 
In many of those colleges there were students reading 
for University degrees at London. But these students, 
bound as members of a residential college to the Govern- 
ment syllabus in all subjects, had to prepare for two 
examinations at the same time. In order to redress this 
grievance, new regulations were issued towards the close 
of 1890, in a form w r hich applied to day and residential 
colleges alike. Each year's course was divided into two 
parts. The first part comprised the technical subjects 
which all students had to take. The second part covered 
the rest of the ordinary syllabus, and it was provided 
that any student who passed in any British University 
any examination approved by the Department would 
not be required to present himself for examination in 
those portions of Part 2 of the syllabus which were 
included in the University examination .( 

In June 1891 a restriction was imposed upon some of 
the Day Training Colleges. It was found that in some 
of those Colleges which were not in direct connexion 
with a University, there was no provision for an external 

*Keport of Committee of Council on Education, 1890-1, p. 421. 
t Ibid., p. 421. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 39 

examiner, or for a board of examiners or for an inter- 
change of examining authorities between several col- 
leges. "In one or two instances," the official circular 
added with horror, "it has been proposed that the 
professor of each subject should set a paper of questions 
on his own course of lectures, and adjudge the marks, 
subject only to the conditions that the Department 
should approve beforehand of the scheme of instruction, 
and should receive and revise the worked papers after 
the examination."* After all, there was nothing very 
terrible or irregular in such a proposal. But the Depart- 
ment was shocked at the idea of such an arrangement on 
the ground that it did not "afford sufficient guarantee 
for the equity and uniformity of the tests applied to the 
students' work." Accordingly, while all University 
examinations were to be accepted "without further 
question," the college examinations in a Day Training 
College which were not conducted under University 
auspices were put on a much less privileged footing. 
"My Lords propose, at the certificate examination in 
June, to set in addition to the papers set by the College 
authorities, a General Paper containing questions on 
those subjects which are obligatory on all candidates for 
certificates, viz., English, geography, history and 
arithmetic. The examination will be taken by all the 
normal students in day training colleges who do not 
pass one of the university examinations accepted by the 
Department as equivalent to Part II. of the syllabus." 
From the tone of this new regulation it may perhaps be 
inferred that some of the officials in the Department had 
taken alarm at the bold and rapid changes made during 
the preceding twelve months. The privileges of the new 
Day Training Colleges were narrowly watched by many 
who, though not unfriendly to their growth, were never- 
thefess primarily interested in the claims of the residen- 
tial colleges of the older type. But the new regulation 
had an effect not realised at the time. It was a factor in 
the growth of opinion in favour of securing an indepen- 

*E.D. Circular, 303, June 18, 1891. 



40 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

dent University position for those University Colleges 
like Mason College, Birmingham, which were hampered 
by the incompleteness of their academic organization. 
The list of Day Training Colleges published in 
February 1892, included ten institutions. Five of these 
were for men only : one for women only ; and four were 
for both sexes. The total number of Day Training 
College students was 397. Of these 216 were men, and 
181 women. The number of students in their second 
year was 164, and of those in their first year 233. The 
largest of the ten colleges at that time was Birmingham 
with 79 women students. The second largest was 
Cardiff (36 men, 35 women). Manchester, with 50 men 
students, was fourth on the list. Later in the same year, 
1891-2, the number of Day Training Colleges had risen 
to 13, and the Manchester College had been recognised 
for women students as well as for men. Five colleges 
out of the thirteen (Cambridge, Leeds, Liverpool, 
King's College, London, and University College, 
London) were for men only ; two (Birmingham and 
Bristol) for women only ; and six (Aberystwyth, Cardiff, 
Manchester, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Nottingham and 
Sheffield) for men and women. The inspectors' report 
for the year stated that ''the experiment promised to be 
very successful." The work done by the students was 
commended and gratification expressed at their holding 
their own with the other University students in academic 
subjects.* Sir Joshua Fitch wrote : "The co-operation 
of the authorities of the University Colleges with your 
Lordships in the work of training teachers is a new fact 
in our educational history and one fraught with impor- 
tant consequences not only to popular education but 
even to the provincial colleges themselves. It offers to 
the professorial staff in each college new opportunities 
of influence and public usefulness; and it strengthens 
that side of their collegiate work that of general litera- 
ture and arts as distinct from physical science for which 
there is least local demand. Moreover it brings some of 

* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1891-2, pp. 441 ff. 




H. THISELTON MARK, B.Sc., M.A., D.Lit., 
Lecturer in Education. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 41 

the future primary teachers into a stimulating and intel- 
lectual atmosphere ... So far as the working of the 
new experiment has extended, it justifies the strongest 
hopes of its complete success and promises to recruit the 
teaching profession with a very valuable contingent.'* 
"Among the incidental advantages," Sir Joshua con- 
tinued, "which arise from the establishment of Colleges 
of the new type, one has become very visible to me 
during the year. Their existence has undoubtedly 
stimulated the older (residential) institutions and exer- 
cised a beneficial influence upon their aims and methods. 
These institutions have in fact little or no reason to 
dread the competition of their younger rivals. They 
possess advantages of a social and domestic and religious 
character which, especially in the case of female students, 
will always secure for them the preference of many of the 
best of the candidates for the teachers' profession. But 
some of them need freshening and invigorating on the 
purely educational side of their work, and the example 
of their enterprising competitors will not be without 
useful results in this respect. Year by year the vacant 
places on the teaching staff of the (residential) colleges 
are being filled by persons of higher qualifications. 
Lecturers and governesses who have had at Cambridge 
or otherwise some university training are now frequently 
to be found not only in the large and more ambitious 
colleges but also in the smaller diocesan institutions."* 
This reciprocal influence of the day and residential 
colleges was one of the advantages of the new system 
which recognised both alike. The residential colleges 
were impelled to raise the intellectual standard of their 
work : the day training colleges were reminded of the 
value of hostels and halls of residence in developing 
corporate life. 

In 1892-3 the number of students at the 14 Day 
Training Colleges had risen to 564. In the 44 residen- 
tial training colleges the number of students was 3,363, 
exclusive of 60 day students attending under the 

* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1891-2, p. 475. 



42 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

regulation introduced in 1890. The reports of the 
inspectors continued to be "highly satisfactory." "The 
Day Training Colleges adapt themselves very readily 
to the varied aptitudes of different students." Sir E. 
Oakeley, pointing out the value of a University education 
for the primary school teacher, quoted Vinet's words 
"L'instituteur a besoin d'une instruction supe"rieure pour 
s'e"lever a la simplicite." Sir Joshua Fitch said that he 
looked forward "in the strong hope to a further develop- 
ment, in the near future, of the usefulness of the Day 
Training College. The need for some form of profes- 
sional preparation for the teachers in secondary schools 
is likely to be more and more strongly felt every year 
. . . What the young student who is destined to become 
a teacher in a higher school wants is a special course of 
pedagogic instruction and practice as a technical supple- 
ment to his general studies, analogous to that which 
would be needed if he contemplated law or medicine as 
his career. And this special preparation will probably 
be best found not in an institution composed exclusively 
of persons whose whole studies are directed by a syllabus 
and with a view to a professional examination, but in a 
separate normal department of a good general college 
where for six or twelve months he may devote himself 
mainly to a study of the principles and methods of 
education and to systematic practice under due super- 
vision and criticism in one or more good schools. Now 
this is precisely the want which the institutions now 
newly recognised as day training colleges have it in 
their power to supply." * 

In 1893-4 the number of day training colleges had 
risen to 15 (Bangor and Oxford having been added 
during the preceding two years), while the number of 
students (in 14 of the colleges) remained at 564. Out 
of 283 men attending the day training colleges, 108 were 
successful in university examinations. "It has occa- 

* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1892-3, pp. xiii, 
120 and 158-9. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 43 

sionally been suggested," wrote Sir E. Oakeley, "that 
by encouraging students to take a University course, we 
might lead them to think that all in all and to neglect 
(more or less) the important technical subjects teaching 
and school management. I fully agree that this very 
dangerous possibility must be very closely borne in 
mind and that any disposition to regard the main work 
of their lives as subsidiary must be checked. But I am 
glad to say that I have found as a rule that the Univer- 
sity students have also done well in school management 
and teaching and in history and geography." * In the 
same report, Sir Joshua Fitch, who was on the eve of 
retirement, surveyed the work of the teaching colleges 
in the light of his experience as an inspector. He noted 
"a manifest improvement in the teaching staff of the 
residential colleges," the liberalising of the course of 
study, the wider range of optional subjects recognised 
by the Department, the increasing number of students 
reading for a university degree, and "the growing feel- 
ing in favour of connecting, wherever possible, the work 
of the residential colleges with that of any neighbouring 
institution of higher academic rank." It is clear from 
these observations how stimulating had been the influ- 
ence of the day training colleges since their establish- 
ment. But Sir Joshua added a warning word. ' The 
danger of putting too great reliance on lectures as 
instruments of teaching needs more than ever to be 
guarded against since the establishment of normal 
departments in provincial colleges of university rank. 
For, at these institutions, the professorial system is in full 
action and in them personal appeals to the students to 
reproduce their knowledge orally, or in some other way 
than by the preparation of notebooks, are even less 
common than in the residential colleges. In both 
classes of college alike it needs to be better understood 
that it is by the judicious combination of the professorial 
and the tutorial system rather than by exclusive reliance 

* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1893-4, p. 119. 



44 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

on either that the desired results are to be attained.'* * 
In the report for 1894-5, Sir E. Oakeley recorded the 
liberality of the Drapers' Company in granting six 
scholarships of 2$ a year tenable by Queen's scholars 
at Oxford and Cambridge. "The students have done 
surprisingly well, although most of them knew little or 
no Greek when they went up." He also drew the 
attention of the Day Training College authorities to the 
importance of doing more "to promote a friendly inter- 
course between the new class of students and their 
ordinary pupils. If a professor is content to deliver his 
lectures week by week without knowing anything about 
the individual members of his class; if no one in 
authority takes notice of the day students by asking them 
to his house . . or by introducing them to their fellow 
students, the day students lose much, very much, of the 
advantages anticipated. At some University colleges 
this kindly interest has been shown : at others it has 
been almost entirely absent." [ 

In the following year (1895-6) there appeared for the 
first time in the published reports of the Inspectors of 
Training Colleges a plea for the establishment of a new 
type of college under the management of local authori- 
ties. The Technical Instruction Committees of the 
County and County Borough Councils had proved the 
value of their work in higher education. The idea of 
a County or municipal authority for all grades of 
education was beginning to take shape. It was natural 
therefore that proposals should once more be made for 
the extension of the training college system by means 
of rate-aid from local authorities. This was the sugges- 
tion made by Mr. Scott Coward as inspector of training 
colleges. "The residential colleges are full," he wrote, 
"and so are the day training colleges" though to the 
second half of this statement exception might justly 
have been taken. "What is needed in my opinion is 

* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1893-4. 
\-Ibid., 1894-5, p. 136. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 45 

(i) a much wider distribution of normal colleges and (2) 
the establishment of a class of college with the main 
object of providing, besides a good training, one 
specially adapted to the circumstances of the rural 
population ... As to the financial difficulty, I see no 
other way than by grants from the State and the locali- 
ties, by grants, that is, from the public purse of the 
central government and of the local authorities ... I 
am becoming daily more convinced that the existing 
colleges are training students chiefly for the more highly 
organised town schools." * These words foreshadowed 
a further development of the training college system. 
Ten years later, when the new local authorities, formed 
under the Education Act of 1902, had become established 
in their work, Mr. Scott Coward's forecast was partly 
realised. The University Day Training Colleges, the 
success of which had made the idea of systematic colle- 
giate training for the teaching profession increasingly 
acceptable to the public, were not alone sufficient to meet 
the needs revealed by the rising standard of educational 
efficiency. 

In the same year the Department extended its recog- 
nition of University courses as forming part of the quali- 
fication for the teacher's certificate. The Code for 1896 
(section 60 (b) ) announced that "graduates, or persons 
who are qualified by examination to become graduates, in 
Arts or Science of any University in the United Kingdom 
may be recognised as certificated teachers, provided they 
hold a certificate of proficiency in the theory and practice 
of teaching issued by a University or Collegiate body 
and recognised by the Department." Certain certifi- 
cates awarded by the Universities of Cambridge, Lon- 
don, Durham, and Edinburgh, by the Victoria Univer- 
sity and by the College of Preceptors were named in the 
Code of 1897 as recognised for this purpose. 

In 1897, the annual report of the Education Depart- 
ment recorded the fact that one-fifth of the Queen's 

* Report of Committee of Council on Education, 1895-6, p. 176. 



46 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

scholars in the first class expressed their desire to enter 
a day training college. This showed that the University 
Colleges had rapidly won the confidence of the students 
intending to enter the teaching profession. In 1898 the 
Departmental Committee on the Pupil Teacher system 
testified to the value of the work which these colleges 
were doing. "The committee received evidence from 
various witnesses as to the important place in the 
training institutions of England and Wales filled by 
the Day Training Colleges . . . Experience shows that 
where the local school authorities provide adequate 
preparation for their pupil teachers, where tutorial aid 
is afforded in the colleges, and when examinations below 
those of a university standard are also available, ex-pupil 
teachers of average powers, if willing to take full 
advantage of their opportunities, make very satisfactory 
progress." But the Committee found that the supply 
of training colleges was inadequate to the demand, and 
that further extension was necessary, " both by the 
enlargement of such present establishments as are not 
already unwieldy and by the provision of fresh 
colleges.* 

In the report for 1898-9, two new Day Training 
Colleges Reading and Southampton made their 
appearance for the first time. The number of students 
in the Day Training Colleges had risen to 1,050, as 
compared with 3,700 students (exclusive of 118 day 
students) in the residential colleges. Sir E. Oakeley in 
his valedictory remarks alluded to the establishment of 
the Day Training Colleges as "an important feature 
during his term of office" and emphasised the value of 
residental hostels in connection with them : Mr. Scott 
Coward deprecated the attempt, on the part of ill- 
prepared though ardent students, to combine a degree 
course with professional training; and Mr. P. A. 
Barnett recorded that "the quality of the work, general 
and technical, in the Day Training Colleges is certainly 

* Report of the Departmental Committee, pp. 22.3. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 47 

rising the technical work in some of them being as well 
done as in any residential college but regretted a 
tendency to starve the staffs and to expect one or two 
people to perform duties which elsewhere tax the 
energies of half a dozen . The advantage derived by the 
student of a day training department from the connexion 
with a local university college should be more than a 
share of the privilege of attending lectures of eminent 
teachers whom they do not always understand. ' H The 
period of compliments had passed. The new institu- 
tions had to stand the fire of criticism. In his next 
report (1899 1900) Mr. Scott Coward wrote with some 
vehemence that insufficient precautions were taken in 
some day training colleges to prevent ill-equipped 
students from attempting the degree courses. "I believe 
with increasing conviction that the policy of forcing 
such students through university courses is of more than 
doubtful expediency ; and I am certain that more good 
results from building upon foundations strong enough 
to bear the weight of a superstructure suitable to them." 
But he singled out Owens College as one of those in 
which "care is taken to secure the necessary antecedent 
conditions," though even then "the effort to compass 
such a course of study involves a heavy strain especially 
upon the women and men who take the science course." 
But in the same report it is announced that the govern- 
ing bodies of the Manchester, Leeds, and Liverpool Day 
Training Colleges have decided * to admit none to the 
college who will not consent to take the degree course,' 
with the result that at Manchester all the 48 men and 
44 women in the college were intending to graduate. "f 
It was now becoming clear that the permanent success 
of the new plan for the professional training of teachers 
in connection with a university course would depend upon 
the systematic provision of good secondary education 

* Report of the Committee of Council on Education, 1898-9, pp. 311, 
322, 325. 

j- Report of the Board of Education, 1899-1900, p. 331. 



48 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

throughout the country. Towards this end the Technical 
Instruction Committee of the County and County 
Borough Councils were steadily working, so far as their 
very limited resources and powers allowed. Two years 
later, the Education Act of 1902 was to change the 
situation and to open the way for a great extension and 
development of secondary schools. 

In the year 1900-1, Mr. A. Rankine reviewed the 
position of the training colleges in a breezy report which 
gave a discriminating but decidedly favourable report 
of the day training departments. "The Day Training 
Colleges which I have inspected seem to me as efficient 
as possible in the circumstances. Possibly the circum- 
stances might be more favourable. They all suffer from 
the rawness of the material which they have to work 
upon and from the lack of funds. They would do more 
in the direction of providing hostels if the means were at 
their disposal, but they are poor. . . . No education is 
too good for the teachers, and the universities are for 
the nation, not for a class. ... In the case of university 
students it is thought by some authorities that it would 
be better to let the men take their degree first, undisturbed 
by other work, and then call upon them for a period of 
continuous training in the practice and science of 
teaching."* In other words Mr. Rankine anticipated 
a development which has, in some measure, now been 
realised. 

Thus the first ten years in the history of the day 
training colleges proved to be a decade of rapid growth 
and consolidation. The second ten years have been a 
period of equally rapid increase in the number of 
students and of maturing organisation. Three note- 
worthy changes in English education have affected their 
position and outlook the granting of charters to a 
succession of new universities, the enlargement of 
opportunities for secondary education both for boys and 
girls, and the establishment of a new type of day 

* Report of the Board of Education, 1900-1, vol. ii, pp. 192-3. 




H. L. WITHERS, M.A., 
Late Sarah Fielden Professor of Education. 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 49 

training college under the local authorities. In 1900 the 
Mason College became the University of Birmingham : 
in 1903 charters were granted to the Universities of 
Manchester and Liverpool; in 1904 to the University of 
Leeds; in 1905 to the University of Sheffield; in 1909 
to the University of Bristol. These changes have 
greatly increased the strength and resources of the 
institutions concerned, and in the many benefits thus 
secured the day training departments have shared. 
Hardly less important in its bearing upon the fortunes 
of the day training colleges has been the rapid growth 
of secondary education which has followed the establish- 
ment of the new local authorities by the Act of 1902. 
Efficient secondary schools are the keystone of the 
educational arch. Upon the generous provision of 
opportunities for a liberal secondary education, the 
welfare of the universities largely depends. Thirdly, in 
1904 (the Act of 1902 having empowered the new local 
authorities to make provision for the training and 
instruction of teachers) the Board of Education recog- 
nised a new type of training college which, though not 
in connexion with a University or University College, 
need not on that account be a residential college, as had 
hitherto been the case. The new regulations for that 
year thus modified the definition of a training college 
which had been in force since 1890. 

" A training college, whether residential or day, may be either (a) 
a separate institution carried on solely for the training of teachers, or 
(6) a department of a university, or (c) a department of an institution 
devoted to higher education in Arts and Sciences." Thus, at last, the 
Government realised the hope which the Birmingham School Board 
had expressed in its memorial twenty-two years before. And in 1905 
the provision of new training colleges (day or residential) by the local 
authorities was stimulated by the offer of a building grant limited to 
25 per cent, of the total cost of site and buildings a subsidy raised 
to 75 per cent, in 1906. 

During the last few years, material changes have been 
made in the Board's regulations as affecting the Univer- 
sity Day Training Colleges. In 1905, the authorities 



50 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

of every training college were assigned the duty of 
making their own classification of the students trained 
by them and ' of justifying their awards in the public 
eye by the test of experience/ In 1907, the Board 
framed anew the undertaking required from students 
entering a training college. The undertaking now 
binds the student to serve as a teacher for a certain 
number of years (seven in the case of a man, five in the 
case of a woman) in an approved school within a period 
of years (ten in the case of a man, seven in the case of a 
woman) after leaving the training college. The term 
'approved school' is defined as including an Elemen- 
tary School in England or Wales on account of which 
grants are paid by the Board or by some other Govern- 
ment Department, and, in addition, any Secondary 
School, Pupil Teacher Centre, or Training College in 
respect of which grants are paid by the Board. The 
Board is also prepared to consider whether in particular 
cases they can accept as satisfying the undertaking 
service in schools or classes aided by them under other 
regulations, or service in State-aided schools in other 
parts of the British Dominions. In 1909 the Board 
issued for the first time Regulations for the Training 
of Teachers in Secondary Schools, a new departure 
which closely concerned some of the University Day 
Training Colleges and among them that at the Univer- 
sity of Manchester. Finally, in the same year the Board 
announced that no training college not already recog- 
nised would be considered as completely equipped with- 
out a Demonstration School, which it declares to be 
'one of the most important elements in the organisation 
of a Training College.' A Demonstration School is 
required to be 'closely associated with the Training 
College for the purpose of illustrating the most approved 
and successful methods of school organisation, discipline 
and instruction.' This addition to the Departmental 
regulations may be traced in part to the successful work, 
first of the Primary Demonstration School established 
in Brunswick Street, Manchester, in 1902, and secondly 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 5! 

of the Fielden School (carried on in Lime Grove, 1905-8, 
and now installed in Victoria Park) which the University 
owes to the munificence of the late Mrs. Sarah Fielden. 
The name of Mrs. Fielden is thus associated both with 
the chair of education in the University and with an 
indispensable part of the equipment of the Training 
College. 

Closely connected with the establishment of Chairs of 
Education in the British Universities and with the study 
of methods of teaching in the University training depart- 
ments has been the growth of the influence of German 
and American thought upon our educational theory and 
practice. The influence of Professor Wilhelm Rein and 
of his Practising School at Jena has been conspicuous, 
especially in some of the English Universities and in 
directing attention to the value of Demonstration 
Schools. Other German students of education whose 
work has had a marked effect upon the development of 
the English University Training Colleges are the late 
Professor Friedrich Paulsen, Professor Wilhelm Munch 
and Professor Meumann. Not less influential have been 
the researches of President Stanley Hall of Clark 
University, Worcester, Mass., and (especially during 
recent years) of Professor John Dewey, formerly of 
Chicago University and now at Columbia, and of the 
staff of Teachers' College, Columbia University, in the 
City of New York. 

When the last official statistics were published, there 
were 20 University Training Colleges 17 in England 
and 3 in Wales. They provided accommodation for 
3,409 students. The number of recognised students in 
residence was 3,091. The number of men and women 
students was about equal, women slightly preponderat- 
ing. In England during the last five years the number 
of students in the University Training College, in the 
case of men and women students alike, has more than 
doubled. In Wales during the same period the numbers 
have increased only 5*9 per cent. But in England and 
Wales together, the number of University Training 



52 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

College students has increased 89 per cent, since the 
session 1905-6. The following table shows the growth 
of the Colleges during the last four years for which 
statistics are available. 



ENGLAND. 



No. of Univer- 






Number of Recognised 

Students 
Men Women Total 



1905-6 
1906-7 
1907-8 
1908-9 



Year. 

1905-6 
1906-7 
1907-8 
1908-9 



15 
15 

1 7 



No. of Univer- 
sity Training 
Colleges 

3 

3 
3 
3 



2114 


600 


618 


1218 


2198 


910 


1140 


2050 


2280 


959 


H73 


2132 


2865 


1259 


1389 


2648 



WALES, 

Accommo- 
dation 

511 
507 



Number of Recognised 

Students 
Men Women Total 



544 



2l6 2O2 

223 201 

231 210 

240 203 



418 

424 
441 

443 



The older of the University Day Training Colleges 
in England and Wales will come of age in 1911. Their 
history, though short, has been significant. Their growth 
has been an index of a subtle change in national feeling, 
especially in English national feeling, with regard to 
public education. They sprang into existence when the 
social results of the Education Act of 1870 had brought 
popular instruction in England and Wales to the point 
at which it became possible to adapt to our conditions 
a method of educational organisation found practicable 
in Scotland seventeen years earlier. The special interest 
of their history lies in its context; in the converging 
forces and influence which have affected and streng- 
thened their position ; and in the fact that their success 
has been a sign of an integrating movement in national 
education. 

But though chiefly owing to their present position 
to movements in educational opinion and in public 



THEIR ORIGIN AND GROWTH 53 

policy which have affected the general position of the 
University as well as that of the elementary and 
secondary school,, the Day Training Colleges have 
already themselves exerted a not inconsiderable 
influence upon our educational thought and prac- 
tice. Their existence has given support to a 
larger and more generous view of the work and 
aims of the public elementary schools. Again, the 
once generally accepted notion that elementary school 
teaching was a career cut off from the liberal professions 
has been decisively weakened by the success of institu- 
tions which have brought thousands of intending 
teachers into full enjoyment of the varied companion- 
ships and intellectual opportunities offered by university 
life. Thirdly, the University Day Training Depart- 
ments have given a strong impulse to improvements in 
other parts of the educational system of the country. 
Their establishment, as we have seen, at once put the 
residential training colleges on their mettle and quickly 
led to improvements in the laboratory equipment of 
those institutions and in the academic qualifications of 
their teaching staff. The standard of work in both 
types of training college consequently rose, and it 
became necessary to improve the preliminary education 
of the pupil-teachers. The determination to secure a 
more liberal) training for the pupil teachers was a 
powerful lever which was used in popularising and 
extending the secondary schools. These reforms in 
secondary education opened an easier passage from the 
elementary schools to the University. The accommoda- 
tion in the training colleges (of which the University 
departments provided a considerable quota) having been 
much enlarged, the number of college-trained teachers 
increased, with benefit to the elementary schools from 
which a growing number of pupils pass on to the 
secondary schools and thence to the Universities. This 
has strengthened the current from the elementary 
schools through the secondary schools to the Univer- 
sities and back again from the Universities to elementary 



54 DAY TRAINING COLLEGES 

and secondary education. In helping to open out the 
course for the new current, the spade-work done in the 
University Day Training Colleges has been timely and 
effective. 

Upon the growth and organisation of the new Univer- 
sities and University Colleges, in the intellectual and 
corporate life of which it has been their privilege to 
share, the Day Training Departments have exerted an 
influence to which in conclusion a brief reference should 
be made. They have materially increased the number 
of University students, in the Faculty of Arts as well as 
in the Faculty of Science. They have developed the 
co-educational side of English University life. They 
have led, in respect of the work of students in training 
for the teaching profession, to a close connection 
between the new Universities and the Board of Educa- 
tion. They have given facilities for the professional 
training of teachers for secondary, as well as for 
elementary, schools. And they have confirmed the 
claim of the science of education to a place in the circle 
of academic studies alongside of, and in close connection 
with, other forms of research. 

M. E. SADLER. 



55 



THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN 
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER. 

A SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 1890-1911. 

A COMING of age invariably suggests two trains of 
thought ; one, a backward glance of reminiscence to the 
struggles of childhood and adolescence successfully 
passed : the other, a forward glance of hope and antici- 
pation towards the period of maturity which is opening. 
Reminiscence is bound to be peculiarly attractive, in 
this case, to those who shared in the early life of the 
Department of Education : anticipation dominates the 
thoughts especially of those whose interest dates from 
a later period : but one and all may equally feel pride 
in the development of a full-grown, well-equipped, and 
multifariously-active department of University life from 
the small and difficult beginnings of 21 years ago. 

Although it has nothing actually to do with the 
founding of the department, it is pertinent to the present 
record to state that as far back as 1883-4 some interest 
was stirring in the Owens College in the treatment of 
the Theory of Education from a philosophical point of 
view, and that lectures were actually given by the late 
Professor Adamson, one of the prime movers in the 
foundation of the Manchester Day Training College 
the nucleus of the present department of Education-- 
seven years later. 

The veritable ' 'Founders' Day" of the Department is 
May 1 6th, for on that date in the year 1890 the scheme 
for the institution of the Day Training College Depart- 
ment (the Manchester Day Training College, the Owens 
College, Manchester, to give it its full official title) was 
passed. In the October term of the same year the 



56 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

Training College entered upon the period of active 
existence which has culminated in the celebrations of 
to-day; the seed which had been planted in 1883 began 
to germinate. 

It is a little saddening to record that of the three men 
who were chiefly responsible for the institution of the 
Day Training College, Principal A. W. Ward, the late 
Professor R. Adamson, and Mr. E. J. Broadfield, only 
one, the last, remains connected with Manchester; and 
that six of the original Committee of the Day Training 
College have since passed away. The constitution of 
that Committee was as follows : 

The Duke of Devonshire (since deceased). 

Mr. Joseph Thompson (since deceased), 

Dr. A. W. Ward. 

Mr. Thomas Ashton (since deceased). 

Mr. E. J. Broadfield. 

Mr. Edward Donner (now Sir Edward Donner, Bart.). 

Mr. Oliver Hey wood (since deceased). 

Sir W. H. Houldsworth. 

Mr. Alfred Neild (since deceased). 

Mr. W. Morton Phillips. 

Dr. H. J. Roby. 

Sir Henry E. Roscoe. 

Professor A. Schuster. 

Professor A. Milnes Marshall (since deceased). 

Rev. Caleb Scott. 

It was under the governance of this Committee, and 
the fostering care of Principal Ward and Professor 
Adamson that the Day Training College Department 
opened in 1890, and entered on the first strenuous stage 
of its existence. Numbers were small : 25, all told, 
was the number of entries permitted by the Board of 
Education of the day, and the special staff of the Day 
Training College for professional training consisted of 
the Master of Method, Mr. W. T. Goode, M.A., alone. 

This first period, the childhood stage, was indeed an 
arduous one, and the College device arduus ad solem 
was never more aptly applied. Difficulties arose on all 




BARBARA FOXLEY, M.A., 

Late Mistress of Method in the University of Manchester 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 57 

sides. The exact relation to University life in general 
of the infant department had to be found, and at the 
same time it had to justify its own existence. This was 
more difficult at that date than may now seem credible, 
for it is not to be supposed that at the outset a body of 
students from elementary school departments could be 
at once found who were in all respects prepared for, and 
capable of, taking up University work in addition to 
their professional training. The relations which were 
entered into between the Master of Method and the 
surrounding schools and centres which were to feed the 
Department showed a way out of this initial difficulty 
which year by year grew steadily smaller. 

There remained the constant difficulties with the 
Board of Education, who, in bringing into existence the 
new type of Training College had taken only the first 
step in a deeply complicated movement. Intricate 
details of administration, inspection, balancing the 
requirements of the University and the Board of Educa- 
tion, a host of things on which the success, even the very 
life, of those Training Colleges depended, had to be 
met and worked out as they arose, and they arose in 
legion. 

That these difficulties were met and to some extent 
solved, is due to the devotion and strenuous labour of 
Dr. Ward and Professor Adamson ; to Dr. Ward first 
and foremost, to whom no expenditure of time and 
thought that might smooth the path of the struggling 
department, seemed too great. The other members of 
the staff were equally zealous, and help was freely given 
by the College professors and lecturers, to whom the 
possibilities of the new venture were early apparent. 

It may seem strange in 1911, but from 1890 to 1898 it 
was quite a commonplace, that tutorial classes in nearly 
all the subjects of the Arts course had to be instituted for 
the benefit of the new class of students, and though the 
labour involved was very great, improved results justi- 
fied its expenditure, the tale of successes grew steadily 
more imposing, while at the same time, owing to the 



58 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

changed conditions under which intending entrants 
were prepared, the necessity for such work began to 
diminish. It is not out of place to insist on these 
details: they throw into stronger relief the successful 
development of the next, the adolescent period whose 
foundations indeed were laid in these early, strenuous, 
years. 

The fact that after two years (1892) a similar depart- 
ment for women students was opened, speaks volumes 
for the promise held out by the new Day Training 
College for men. The Women's College began with an 
entry of eight students, and a professional staff of one, 
a Mistress of Method, Miss Catherine I. Dodd, whose 
successful management of the women's side only came 
to an end in 1905 on her selection as Principal of 
Cherwell Hall, Oxford. 

The men's class had been housed in the Studio, a 
room fraught with many memories, but on the advent 
of the women students (who began their collegiate 
existence in a back room in Brunswick Street, with a 
cracked blackboard as sole apparatus), this room was 
afterwards (1894) vacated in their favour, the men 
migrating to the Old Court Room, now the Bursar's 
Office. Such were the small and unostentatious begin- 
nings from which sprang the large Department of 
Education whose majority we are now celebrating. 

The Training College for Women with Miss Edith 
Wilson in general supervision as the Women's Tutor, 
and Miss Dodd as Mistress of Method; and the Training 
College for Men with Dr. Ward as its Principal and 
Mr. Goode as Master of Method, were from the first 
separate institutions, though pursuing parallel lives and 
meeting with very similar experiences throughout this 
first phase, at the close of which, in 1898, they were 
about equally large, 48 men and 49 women. 

The professional staff had been increased in the Men 
and Women's Departments by Mr. (now Dr.) Walter 
Carroll for instruction in Music, in 1892. His long 
connection with the Day Training College only ended 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 59 

in 1909, and his work will always be honourably asso- 
ciated with the fortunes of the Department of Education. 
Later, 1899, Miss C. Brown (Mrs. Morley) assisted the 
M,istress of Method in the instruction of the women 
students in Needlework, ceasing to do so in 1902. 

It was not only in the devotion of the Principal and 
their respective staffs that the Training College Depart- 
ments were fortunate, they were fortunate also in the 
timely and valuable help given by friends outside the 
College. The School Board for Manchester opened its 
schools freely in all parts of the town to the students for 
the purposes of professional training, and in Mr. C. H. 
Wyatt, then clerk to the School Board, a real friend 
was found. Not less worthy of note was the ungrudg- 
ing and continuous help given by many of the Head 
Teachers of the schools visited and used by the students, 
among whom the names of the late Mr. H. Hutton, of 
Ducie Avenue School, Mr. Powell of Birley St. School, 
Mr. James Scotson, M.A., of the Central Higher Grade 
School, and Mr. G. Sharpies of Waterloo Road School, 
deserve an honourable place : while the sympathetic 
advice and stimulative interest of the Rev. F. F. Cornish, 
H.M.I., and Mr. Scott-Coward, H.M.I., (recently 
deceased), will be remembered gratefully by those who 
welcomed it and profited by it during these preliminary 
years of storm and stress. 

In October 1898, the Master of Method was called to 
a post in London, and his departure indicates the 
moment at which the childhood stage of the Day 
Training College began to draw to a close. In looking 
back on those years it is easy now to pass lightly over 
difficulties which at the time were very real, over labour 
which threatened at times to become excessive, and to fix 
one's gaze on the indubitable progress which was 
accomplished. The academic record of the Day Train- 
ing College was more than creditable, in some cases 
even brilliant, and in their professional success in post- 
collegiate days the students of the period 1890-8, the 
period of beginnings, have given proof of their quality. 



60 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

It is pleasing also to recall that some success was 
achieved in the lighter side of College life, and that in 
the gymnasium, the fives' courts, and the sports' field, 
the members of the Day Training College gave a good 
account of themselves and assisted in some small degree 
in maintaining the honour of their Alma Mater. 

The appointment of Professor Withers to the Chair 
of Education in the Owens College in June, 1899, marks 
definitely the change to adolescence, but he did not 
assume the duties of the Chair until December of that 
year, and the intervening time, October 1898 to Decem- 
ber 1899, calls for a special note. On the departure of 
the Master of Method a locum tenens was found in Mr. 
H. Thiselton Mark, D.Lit,* M.A., B.Sc. He had been 
a student in the newly instituted University Class for the 
Teachers' Diploma, and the excellence of his work 
justified his appointment as Master of Method during 
the interregnum. The fortunes of the Men's Training 
College were guided by him until Professor Withers 
took up his duties, when the temporary character of Mr. 
Mark's appointment was changed for something more 
permanent. He was appointed Assistant Lecturer in 
Education and Tutor of the Day Training College for 
Men in 1899; in 1904 he was made a Lecturer in Educa- 
tion of the University, and he continued to exercise 
these functions in Training College and University till 
1910, when a further change was made. In July of that 
year he took up a special post as Lecturer in Education, 
being set free from the duties of Master of Method in 
order to extend his work as Sunday School Education 
Lecturer in connection with the courses of the University 
Extension Board. His long connection with the work 
of the Department has left a deep impression on it, and 
has fully justified the fortunate selection made in 1898. 

The Chair of Education, the first of its kind in 

*We take this opportunity of congratulating Mr. Mark on the degree 
recently conferred upon him by the University of London in recognition 
of his work in Educational Psychology ; we believe that this is the first 
occasion on which a British University has conferred a Doctor's degree- 
for research work connected with Education. ED. 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 61 

English Universities, to which Professor H. L. Withers 
acceded in 1899, was due to the munificence of the 
late Mrs. Fielden of Todmorden, and among her many 
gifts to the cause of Education in Lancashire there is 
none likely to have more far-reaching effects. It 
brought the Training College Department at one stride 
into a new position, and gave it a character it had 
hitherto lacked. The striking qualities of the first 
occupant of the Chair, his great educational abilities 
and experience, and his genial personality, added to the 
influence of the new Professorship; and his untimely 
death in the autumn of 1902 was not only a great 
personal loss to those who knew him, but a heavy blow 
to the Department, which was thus deprived of its head 
at a most critical stage of its development. Critical, for 
with the foundation of the Chair of Education, the 
Training College had started on the new phase which 
was to end in its being merged in a University Depart- 
ment with activities on a larger and much wider scale 
than heretofore. A memorial brass, placed in the upper 
corridor of the University main building, keeps alive 
the memory of Professor Withers's work. 

Brief as was the period during which Professor 
Withers held the reins, a departure, due to the initiative 
of Miss Dodd, was made during that time which was 
of the first value and was destined to develop consider- 
ably within a very few years the opening of a primary 
school and kindergarten in premises in Brunswick 
Street, a first effort towards a Demonstration School 
where, as Professor Alexander put it in an article on the 
school in the Manchester Guardian, "students might 
observe, carried out in practice, the methods of teaching 
which they learn to regard as the most efficient." 

The school was established and worked by Miss Dodd 
and a zealous band of students whose enthusiasm 
lent a hand in the furnishing of the small rooms occu- 
pied by the school, making and painting shelves, 
providing curtains, helping in the small economies that 
had perforce to be practised. More than that, they 



62 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

collected money for the school, which was financed by 
these subscriptions and the pecuniary help of a few 
interested people, among whom were Professor 
Alexander, Mrs. Eckhard, Mr. T. C. Horsfall the 
veteran educationalist, and Mrs. T. Brown, M.A. 
Among notable features of the school were the journeys 
into Derbyshire, which were the first of their kind in 
England and led the way for a new and important 
development in school life. Unassuming as were the 
proportions of the new school it was, to quote once 
again from the same article, "a not unimportant event 
in the history of education in Manchester.'* 

In September, 1903, Professor J. J. Findlay succeeded 
to the vacant Chair and to the headship of the Depart- 
ment, which was strengthened by the appointment of 
so widely-known an educational authority as Mr. 
Michael E. Sadler, as Professor of the History and 
Administration of Education. Within a year of 
these appointments a further development took place, 
consequent on a change in the status of the Owens 
College itself. Up to 1904 it had formed part of the 
(Federal) Victoria University; after the dissolution of 
the federation of Colleges in Manchester, Liverpool and 
Leeds, the Owens College was granted the status and 
dignity of an independent University the Victoria 
University of Manchester and the two Training 
College departments, together with other branches, e.g., 
a department for the training of teachers in Secondary 
Schools, came under the control of, and formed the Depart- 
ment of Education in, the new Manchester University. 
In bringing about this change of style and condition 
Professor Alexander played a large part. The small 
Training College, opened in 1890, had not only justified 
the foresight of its founders, but was, from this date, 
fairly launched on the more imposing career it is to-day 
pursuing. 

The staff of the Women's College was increased by 
the addition of Miss Katherine Godson of Girton College, 
Cambridge, as assistant to the Mistress of Method, in 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 63 

the same year, but she severed her connection two years 
later, and in 1905 Miss Dodd took up an important 
appointment at Oxford and brought to a close the 
intimate and successful part she had played in the 
control and development of the women's side since 1892. 
The value of her work was recognised by the new 
University, and the honorary degree of Master of Arts 
conferred upon her, a fitting acknowledgment of her 
devotion and unsparing labour. Her place was supplied 
by Miss Barbara Foxley, M.A., as Assistant Lecturer 
in Education and Mistress of Method in 1906 (after a 
temporary appointment during part of the preceding 
session), a post which she vacated in 1910; since filled 
partly by Miss C. M. Rankine Brown, M.A., as Tutor 
in Charge of the three-year students in the Elementary 
Department for Women, and partly by Miss M. A. 
Fountain, B.Sc., in a similar capacity for two-year 
students. Previous to this Miss L. E. Start, a former 
student, had been appointed as Teacher of Needlework, 
Drawing and Handicrafts, a post which she still 
occupies, and is, in point of time, the senior member 
of the Women's Department. 

On the men's side the increasing importance and 
extent of the work is marked by the appointment of 
Mr. P. Sandiford, M.Sc., Ph.D. (Columbia), as Junior 
Assistant Lecturer in Education and Demonstrator in 
Education, from 1906 to 1908, after which for two years 
he was occupied in work at the Teachers' College of 
Columbia University, New York, returning in 1910 to 
take up a second appointment as Lecturer in Education 
and Tutor for the three-year men students: by the 
appointment of Mr. C. E. Stockton, M.A., as Assistant 
Lecturer in Education and Demonstrator in 1908 : and 
Mr. S. E. Maltby, M.A., in a similar position from 
1907 to 1910. The ranks of Assistant Lecturers and 
Demonstrators have been further swelled by the addition 
of Miss E. C. Dickinson, B.A., Mr. J. Shelley, B.A., 
Miss H. N. Ormrod, M.A., and Mr. A. Bartle, B.A., 
Miss J. P. Slight, N.F.U., Miss K. King May, all of 



64 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

whom are still members of the staff, and Miss G. 
Owen, B.Sc., Miss W. Gray Maitland, and Miss 
K. Noakes, B.A., who found promotion in other 
Training Colleges in 1910. Mr. T. Keighley, 
Mus.Doc., had acted as joint Instructor in Singing 
in the Training College Department from 1905, and 
on the departure of Dr. Carroll in 1909 to a Chair in 
the Royal College of Music, Dr. Keighley replaced 
him as Instructor in Singing to the Department of 
Education. Dr. Carroll's new post has not necessit- 
ated the withdrawal of his interest from the work of 
training teachers. A department for the Training of 
Music Teachers being formed in the Royal Manchester 
College of Music, he has become the first Professor of 
the Art and Practice of Music Teaching, thus worthily 
carrying into other fields the principles and practice he 
so well illustrated for seventeen years in the Department 
of Education. 

Some of these appointments had special reference to 
the work of the Department in training teachers for 
secondary schools, an important feature of the develop- 
ment of the original Training College. As far back as 
1895, in the federal University, there had been instituted 
a Teachers' Diploma, intended to provide a course of 
instruction and a professional qualification for teachers 
in secondary schools. The Master of Method in the 
Day Training College was charged with the courses of 
lectures in professional subjects, in the History of 
Education, Teaching Methods, and Special Educational 
Studies, and the necessary practical work and demons- 
trations in school, other academic subjects being 
distributed over the classes of the Arts course, chiefly the 
classes in Philosophy. The first Diploma was granted 
in 1896, to Miss Mary Marsland, M.A., and from that 
year onwards a small number of graduates were con- 
stantly to be found preparing for this qualification. 

During the regime of Professor Withers this particular 
branch of activity was further developed and a systematic 
course of evening lectures was instituted, attendance at 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 65 

which was part of the qualification for entry to the 
examination for the Diploma. As however interest 
grew in the training, qualification, and registration of 
secondary school teachers, and as later the secondary 
department was recognised by the Board of Education 
and fell under its Regulations, this plan had to be 
abandoned, and from 1904 onwards the course for the 
Teachers' Diploma became a post-graduate course 
covering a year's study, theoretical and practical. 
From the very first, in 1895, the view was taken that the 
Diploma, though primarily instituted as a qualification 
for secondary teachers, might prove a means by which 
students of the elementary teachers' Training College 
who wished to undertake the further study of education 
could do so and thereby obtain a higher professional 
qualification than that provided by the Elementary 
School Teachers' Certificate. This view has been justi- 
fied, quite a considerable number of these students have 
availed themselves of the opportunity, and at the present 
time a goodly proportion of the Diploma Class consists 
of them. This was "a consummation devoutly to be 
wished" since the Regulations of the Board of Education 
now permit the compulsory period of work in schools, 
after qualification, to be performed in secondary schools, 
and it also strengthens and extends the influence which 
the Department of Education exerts on secondary 
schools. The steady growth of this branch of 
" secondary " training has involved a corresponding 
increase in the amount and complexity of instruction 
necessary, met by the courses of the two Professors of 
Education, Professor Findlay and Professor Sadler, by 
courses in Theory and Practice held by Lecturers and 
Demonstrators wholly or partly occupied with secondary 
work, and by special courses given by Miss Sara 
Burstall, B.A. (Lond.), M.A. (Dublin), Head Mistress 
of the High School for Girls, and Mr. J. L. Paton, 
M.A., High Master of the Manchester Grammar School. 
The duties of tutor in this department, both for men and 
women students, are performed by Miss Caroline 



66 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

Herford of Newnham College, sometime Head Mistress 
of Ladybarn House School, who was appointed in 1910. 
Miss Herford's previous work as Head Mistress of the 
Ladybarn House School in South Manchester, her well- 
known educational experience, ability and interests, 
make this appointment a source of strength to the 
Department. 

The fusion of the two stages of training for work 
in Primary and Secondary Schools in one Department 
of Education has been productive of the happiest results. 
No separation exists beyond what is clearly necessary 
for the administrative requirements of the regulations 
of the Board of Education ; and this solidarity carries 
out and exemplifies in the best possible way the spirit 
which animated the University in embarking on the 
training of teachers, and has informed it ever since. 

The development of the Department has rendered 
possible a further advance, which goes far beyond the 
limits of Government regulations, while being eminently 
characteristic of the University spirit and system. The 
encouragement given by the University to students of 
all Departments, to offer for the Master's Degree by 
investigation and research rather than by sitting for 
further examination, or attendance on lectures, finds 
its echo in the Department of Education. This year, 
for the first time, several ex-students of the Department 
return, after a period of successful teaching, to conduct 
investigations into problems of school organisation or 
school teaching. On the value of this departure, in 
promoting the scientific study of education, it is needless 
to insist. 

One part, indispensable, of the professional training 
given in both the elementary and secondary sections of 
the Department the practice of teaching, the initiation 
of educational experiments, observation and criticism 
of work done, and the demonstration of effective methods 
of class procedure, in short, the use of an educational 
laboratory is supplied by an institution at whose origin 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 67 

I have hinted further back. The primary school and 
kindergarten opened in premises in Brunswick Street 
in 1902 is now merged in the Fielden Demonstration 
School with a Head Master, Mr. W. J. Deeley, B.A., 
and six assistants in the Upper School, and a Head 
Mistress, Miss K. Steel, N.F.U., and five assistants in 
the Primary School, in its own premises in Victoria 
Park, equipped to act as a station for the application 
and testing of theoretical methods, for observation and 
practical experience of the actual process of a teacher's 
work. The step is a long one and full of significance. 
In 1905 an upper school, called the Fielden Upper 
School, was opened in Lime Grove : and once more the 
Department was indebted to the generosity which had 
made the Chair of Education in the University a 
possibility, a fact made evident by the name of this 
Upper School. In January, 1908, the Primary School 
after being in the charge of Miss M. G. Findlay, M.Sc., 
for two years, was transferred to new premises also in 
Lime Grove, assisting in this way in the training of 
another class of teachers teachers of young children 
which was a new departure recently made by the Depart- 
ment of Education, and carried on mainly in premises 
adjoining the Primary School. 

Schools carried on in premises originally intended as 
dwelling houses could only be regarded as a temporary 
expedient. Once the success of the experiment towards 
a Demonstration School had justified itself, it was clear 
that accommodation more suitable for such an indis- 
pensable part of the equipment of a Training College 
would have to be found. And the munificence of Mrs. 
Sarah Fielden, exercised yet again, made this possible. 

The " Oaklands" house and grounds in Victoria Park 
were purchased by her and handed over to the Council 
of the University and Mr. A. T. Bentley, M.A., as 
trustees of the school, and the Department of Education 
found itself (September, 1908) in possession of a 
Demonstration School and surroundings which are 
unique among British Demonstration Schools. The 



68 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

building allows of kindergarten and primary depart- 
ments being carried on on the ground floor, the upper 
school being on the first floor : with large rooms for 
Demonstrations and Open Lessons, and others for the 
use of teachers and lecturers. In addition to the usual 
workshop and Science laboratory, there are the grounds 
of the building, two acres in extent, which offer a 
remarkable field for the purpose of experiments in 
Nature Study and open-air teaching. The Department 
of Education has, in good sooth, reason to bless the 
name of Fielden, and the words of Professor Alexander 
on the opening of the very small beginning of these 
Demonstration Schools in rooms at 225, Brunswick 
Street six years before, take on a wider significance. 
These efforts were not only "a not unimportant event 
in the history of education in Manchester" they may 
well prove in the future to have been not unimportant 
in the general educational history of England. 

The Schools are managed by a Committee, chiefly 
appointed by the Council of the University; and they 
are fortunate in having as their President Sir William 
Mather (Privy Councillor), whose devotion to educa- 
tional reform is too well known and appreciated to need 
further eulogium here. 

A certain vigorous esprit de corps animated from the 
first the members of the Day Training College depart- 
ment. It became the practice to meet at least once a 
year and strengthen in social fashion the ties formed 
in College classes, and in 1895 at the annual Training 
College Dinner (held in the city, as the present palatial 
Union buildings were not even dreamed of), it was 
proposed to found a Club which should keep past 
students in touch with their College. The proposal 
became an actuality, the Manchester (Owens) Club was 
founded and became a powerful factor not only in 
maintaining social amenities among its members, but in 
keeping alive the corporate sentiment without which 
any academic or professional collectivity is permanently 
weakened. Its first officers were : 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 69 

President ... Mr. W. T. GOODE, M.A. 
Vice-President Mr. W. CARROLL, M us. Doc. 
Treasurer ... Mr. J. WHITESIDE, B.A. 
Secretaries ... Mr. W. RACE, B.Sc. 

Mr. J. C. HAGUE, M.A. 

Committee: H. Bailey, B.Sc., F. Northrop, B.A., 
J. A. Sample, B.A. (since dead), E. B. Naylor; past 
students being represented by the first three, and 
internal students by the last. 

With a slight modification of its constitution the Club 
has continued to function and to grow till the present 
day, and it is difficult to over-estimate the part it has 
played in strengthening the Training College as a 
corporate body and in keeping alive feelings of comrade- 
ship and a fine spirit of mutual esteem among all 
students who have passed through it. It is not too 
much to say that the present celebration is due in large 
measure to the devotion, tenacity and self-forgetting 
work of the present Secretary, Mr. J. Lord, B.A. 

On four occasions, at intervals of three years, the 
Club has issued a chronological roll of students of the 
Men's Training College, with notes containing details of 
their subsequent careers where such were procurable : the 
present volume takes the place of a new issue, now due. 
These successive rolls throw much light of a gratifying 
nature on the part played by the Training College 
students in their profession. They prove that these 
men, "citizens of no mean city," are worthily upholding 
the honour of citizenship. 

Useful as have been its functions as a social organiza- 
tion, something equally, if not more, useful sprang from 
the Club. Under its auspices, on February 23rd, 1906, 
an Education meeting was held, at which the formation 
of a University Education Society was mooted. That 
Society is now a fait accompli, and how profitable such 
a Society can be is seen in the first publication of the 
Educational Series of the Manchester University 
Publications an inquiry into Continuation Schools in 



70 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

England and elsewhere, which is largely based on work 
undertaken by the members under the direction of 
Professor Sadler. That series has been further enriched 
by The Demonstration Schools' Record, edited by 
Professor Findlay with the assistance of colleagues in 
the Department and by Miss Eva Dodge's The Teaching 
of History in Gifls' Schools in North and Central Ger- 
many. The present volume will! be No. 4 of the Series. 
The aims of the Education Society are high, and are 
reflected in the Presidential addresses, since published, 
of Sir William Mather and Professor Alexander. 

On the women's side the functions of the men's Club 
were performed by a Society called the " Catherine 
Wheel," a graceful tribute to the influence of its 
President, Miss Catherine Dodd. It sprang to life in 
1895 with Miss Dodd in the Presidential Chair, and 
Miss E. C. Wilson, M.A., and Miss A. M. Cooke, 
M.A., as Vice-Presidents, and by 1906 its membership 
had grown to 250. In the previous year its President 
had left the University, which had also lost the services 
of Miss Edith Wilson, for long the Women's Tutor. 
And as in 1906 the University Education Society pre- 
viously mentioned was on the point of formation, for 
both men and women students, membership of the 
"Catherine Wheel" was limited to those women who 
had entered the Training College not later than 1905, in 
order to prevent the overlapping of work undertaken by 
members of the various Societies. Since 1906 therefore 
it has remained static, exercising only social functions 
among its members : but it is not unlikely that as the 
outcome of the work of this celebration an enlarged 
Society embracing all women members, past and 
present, of the Department of Education may be formed 
for social purposes. 

The success of any institution whose activities are 
employed in preparing men and women for an active 
career in life may be estimated in many ways according 
to the point of view of the appraiser. Judged from the 



HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT 71 

standpoint of material development the previous pages 
will have been written in vain if they have not made it 
clear that the success of the Department of Education 
has been great and rapid. In the brief space of 21 years 
the institution, begun with a roll of 25 and a staff of one, 
or to take men and women's classes together, with a 
commencing roll of 33 and a staff of two, has become 
a University Department receiving 300 students, 
containing four separate branches, headed by two 
University Professors, aided by a staff of 22, with 
Demonstration Schools fully equipped and staffed for 
the exclusive use of its students, the child of 1890 has 
grown to a more than respectable stature in reaching 
manhood's state in 1911. Success is writ large also 
over the record of the class successes of its alumni, 
and over that of their performance in the professional 
field when under-graduate days are past. And those of 
us who were concerned in the modest beginnings may 
well feel a throb of pride and gratification at the great 
matter that little fire kindled. 

But there is a success which is not to be estimated in 
numbers or honours, whether of the University or the 
profession. The history of that success is unwritten 
and unwritable. It is recorded in the silent influences 
which the individual efforts that have gone to form a 
corporate collegiate existence have exerted on all who 
have at any time shared in its life. These can only be 
felt, experienced : their truth has become part and parcel 
of the mind and character stuff of the students to whom 
they are at once an abiding memory and a guiding 
stimulus. Their external evidences, which yield no 
statistics, are rather to be found in an attitude towards 
life, a bracing of endeavour, a turning of the mind 
towards fine thinking, a touching of the whole character 
to finer issues than in any roll of honours or rewards, 
pleasant though it be to read of these. 

And it is just because I know that this finer success 
has also been achieved that I feel it a proud privilege 
to have played a modest part in fashioning the activities 






72 THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT 

on which so imposing a superstructure has been raised, 
and to have been allowed to place on record this 
summary account of the growth of the institution whose 
birth I witnessed in 1890, and whose glowing majority 
I help in celebrating to-day. It remains only to thank 
for valuable assistance rendered in this compilation, 
Professor Findlay, Dr. Mark, the Registrar and Bursar 
of the University, Mr. J. Lord, Miss L. E. Start, and 
Dr. P. Sandiford. 

W. T. GOODE. 



73 



APPENDIX. 

Publications by Members (Staff and Students) of the 
Department of Education. 

Bateson, T. Article on Defoe : English Historical Review. Article on 
Bolingbroke : English Historical Review. Reviews in the same 
periodical. Article on the Teaching of History in the Owens Col- 
lege Volume of Historical Essays. 

Bowtell, T. H. An Experiment in History Teaching : The School 
World; Sept., 1910. 

Bunting, S. J. (with Foxcroft). An Elementary Course in Practical 
Science : London, 1909. 

Carroll, W. Exercises in Time and Tune for Training College use : 
London, 1900. One Hundred and Fifty Melodies for Training 
College use : London, 1900. The Study of Music; A Lecture : 
Manchester, 1904. The Teaching of Music; A Lecture : Manchester, 
1906. The Training of Music Teachers; A Lecture: Derby, 1907. 
First Lessons in Bach (Pianoforte) ; Two Books : London, 1908. 
Notes on Musical Form : London, 1909, and various musical com- 
positions (including the College Song Floreat Victoria). 

Coignou Caroline. Report on American Education : Written for the 
Board of Education, 1903. Catholic Evening Schools and Clubs in 
Manchester : in Sadler's Continuation Schools in England and 
Elsewhere : 1907. 

Dewsnup, E. B. American Railway Organisation and Working; A 
series of lectures : London, 1906. The Housing Problem in England; 
Its Statistics, Legislation and Policy : Manchester, 1907. 

Dodd, Catherine I. Series of Reading Books : 1893-4. Introduction to 
Herbartian Principles of Teaching : London, 1897. Nature Studies 
and Fairy Tales; Vol. I : London, 1902. The Child and the Curri- 
culum : London, 1906. Nature Studies and Fairy Tales; Vol. II : 
London, 1907. The Vagrant Englishwoman : London, 1905. The 
School Journey in Germany; Special reports on Educational Sub- 
jects : Vol. I, Ed. M. E. Sadler. Hungarian Education; Special 
reports on Educational Subjects: Vol. VIII, Ed. M. E. Sadler. 
Chapters on Girls' Education and The Primary School and its 
Teacher : in the Nation's Need : Ed. Spencer Wilkinson, London. 
Lehrer und Lehreninnenbildungsanstalten in Verbindung mit den 

F 



74 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 

Universitdten; VII Seminarheft : Jena, 1897. School Journeys : 
The National Review : Nov., 1897. A Study of School Children : 
The National Review : Sept., 1898. Town and Country Children : 
The National Review : Dec., 1898. A Study of Twin Boys : The 
National Review : June, 1899. School Children's Ideals : The 
National Review : Feb., 1900. A Comparison of German and English 
School Children : The National Review : Dec., 1900. Ideals of the 
American Schoolgirl : The National Review : June, 1901. A School 
Journey in Derbyshire : The National Review : Aug., 1902. Educa- 
tional Value of Fairy Tales : The National Review : Oct., 1902. A 
University Holiday Course: The National Review: Jan., 1903. 
Some Aspects of Children's Books : The National Review : Jan., 
1905. A German University: The Cornhill : Jan., 1908. Various 
Educational papers in the Morning Post, the Journal of Education, 
the Practical Teacher, and other papers in England and Germany. 

Dodge, Eva. The Teaching of History in Girls' Schools in North and 
Central Germany; Educational Series, No. Ill, Manchester Univer- 
sity Press, 1908. 

Findlay, J. J. I. In book form : Teaching as a Career for University 
Men : London, 1889. Prdparationen in der englische Sprache nach 
einer direkten Methode : Marburg, 1893. Zur Entwickelung des 
hoheren Schulwesen's Englands (Doktor Dissertation) : Leipzig, 1894 
(auch in d. Zeitschrift fur Phil, und Padagogik, 1893). Arnold of 
Rugby : Cambridge, 1897. Laudate, a Hymn and Tune Book for 
Day Schools : London, 1900, and subsequently. Laudate, words 
only : London, 1901, and subsequently. Principles of Class Teach- 
ing : London, 1902 1908. The Nation's Need, ed. Spencer Wilkin- 
son; Three Articles: London, 1903. Reynold's Discourses on Art: 
Ed. London, 1906. Dewey's The School and the Child : Edited, 
London, 1906. Dewey's "Educational Essays" : Edited London, 1910. 
II. Reports and Articles (a selection) : (a) Study of Education : 
Registration and Training of Teachers in Germany; Demonstration 
Schools, etc. : Journal of Education; June 1887; Dec. 1892; Feb., 
Nov., 1893. Report to Royal Commission on Secondary Education : 
Vol. V., 1895; Education, Oct. 3, 10, 17, 24, 1896; Vol. II. of 
Board of Education : Special Inquiries and Reports, 1898 ; University 
Review, April, 1906 ; Contemporary Review, July, 1906. British 
Association Reports : York, 1906, and Dublin (with Dr. Sandiford), 
1908; Training College Record, No. I, 1908; Educational Times, 
April, 1910. (&') Education in America : Report to Royal Commission : 
Vol. VI, 1898; Journal of Education, Oct., 1909; School Review 
(Chicago, U.S.A.), Jan., 1910. (c) Problem in Child Development: 
Report on Conference on School Hygiene ; The Training of Scholars, 
London, April, 1905 ; Moral Ideas : Educational Times, May, 1907 
(reprinted in Sadler's Moral Instruction, Vol. I) ; Theology : Hibbert 



EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 75 

Journal, July, 1907; Methods in Child Study (Presidential Address), 
July, 1909. (d) Foundations for Educational Science : Journal of 
Education, Sept., 1896; Educational Times, Oct., 1897; School 
World, May, 1905. (e) Religion and the Schools : Educational Review 
(New York, Feb., 1907 (reprinted from the Westminster Gazette) ; 
London Quarterly Review, Jan., 1908; Albany Review, April, 1908. 
(/) Commercial Education : Report to Sheffield Chamber of Com- 
merce, Nov., 1891 ; Contemporary Review, Sept., 1899. 
(g) Social Aspects of School Life : Report of an Inquiry (Secon- 
dary Schools), Findlay, with Shipman, Holland, etc. : Educational 
Times, Jan., 1899. Civics and Patriotism : Educational Times, 
1900. Parents : School World, Jan., 1900 ; International Journal of 
Ethics, Oct., 1907; Friends' Quarterly Examiner, April, 1909. 
Military Training in Secondary Schools : Journal of Education, 
July, 1900 (reprinted in Canadian Education Monthly, Oct., 1900). 
Corporate Life in Schools: School Review (Chicago), Dec., 1907; 
Nov., 1908. (h) Herbartian Pedagogy : Journal of Education, Feb., 
March, 1902; School and College (Boston, U.S.A.), Oct. and Nov., 
1892. Das Studium der Herbartischen Padagogik in England (Rein's 
VII Heft) : Langensalza, 1897. (i) Modern Language Teaching : 
Der Lehrer im Auslande (Die Neuere Sprachen, No. 1), Marburg, 
1893; Educational Review (New York), April, 1893, and Oct., 1894. 
An Experiment (with Kirkman and Twentyman) : Journal of 
Education, Oct., Nov., Dec., 1896. British Association Report, 
York, 1906. (7) Elementary Mathematics: Educational Times, April, 
1902. 

Goode, W. T. Educational Discussions, Leaders, Reviews, Reports of 
Educational Travel and Inquiry in France, Spain, Italy, Sicily, 
Finland and America, in Schoolmaster, Practical Teacher, English 
Review, French and American Journals continuously from 1899 
1910. 

Hallsworth, H. M. (with Prof. Chapman). Unemployment in Lanca- 
shire : Manchester, 1909. 

Hindshaw, Winifred. A Class Experiment on Attention : Training 
College Record : London, 1910. Infant Schools (Joint Author with 
David Salmon) : Swansea, 1904. 

Holland, R. W. Commercial Law : London, 1907. Banking Law : 
London, 1908. New Concrete Algebra: London, 1907. Series of 
Articles on Law of Contract : Commercial Teachers' Magazine : 
Jan., 1910 March, 1910. 

Hollingsworth, W. Algebra for Beginners', Parts II. and III : London, 
1901. 

Howden, S. P. Practical Exercises tto Magnetism and Electricity : 
Manchester, 1904. Practical Mechanics and Physics for Evening 



76 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 

Schools : Manchester, 1907. Six Addresses to Teachers on the 
Teaching of Elementary Science : Manchester, 1907. 

Jones, Arthur. Gruffydd Ap Cynan : Manchester University Press, 
1905. 

Kandel, I. Leon. The Training of Elementary Teachers in Germany : 
Teachers' College, New York, 1910. Contributed many articles to 
Monroe's Cyclopcedia of Education, Journal of Education, School, 
and University Review. 

Keighley, T. Part Sons, Sacred and Secular : Novello and other pub- 
lishers, London, from 1904. 

Lapage, C. P. Feeblemindedness in Children : Medical Chronicle, 
xlii, 251-2-3, 1905. Feeblemindedness in Children of School Age : 
Manchester Univ. Press, 1910. 

Mark, H. T. Outline of History of Educational Theories in England : 
London, 1899. Sound and Sight Method (French) (Joint Author) : 
London, 1900. Individuality and the Moral Aim in American 
Education : London, 1901. Special Reports on Educational Sub- 
jects Vol. X. Moral Education in American Schools ; Vol. XI. 
Education and Industry in the United States : London, 1902. The 
Teacher and the Child : London, 1902. Elementary Science and 
Nature Study : Manchestter, 1903. The New Movement in Educa- 
tion : London, 1904. The Unfolding of Personality as the Chief 
Aim of Education : London, 1910. The Child's Congenial Quali- 
fications for Right Behaviour : Report of Moral Education Congress, 
1909. Child Study : Some Methods and Results : Contributed to 
the Brussels Conference on Home Education, 1910. The Education 
of the Anglo-Saxon : Educational Review (London), Feb., March, 
April, 1899. The American and English Public Elementary School : 
Educational Review (New York), March, 1902. L'Education 
Morale dans les ecoles Americaines : La Revue, Feb., 1903. Courses 
on the Helpfulness of Logic in Teaching : and on Ethics and 
Education: The Teachers' Times.' Courses on Education : The 
Applications of Psychology to Teaching : an Introduction to Philo- 
sophy : National Home-Reading Union, Specal Courses Magazine. 
Social Science Teaching : N.H.R.U., General Courses Magazine. 

Marshall, F. W. D. (with P. Sandiford). Science Teaching in the 
Fielden Schools : Findlay's F.D.S. Record I., Manchester, 1907. 

Ormrod, H. Nora. The Humanities for Children of Eight to Nine 
Years A plan of work adopted in the Fielden Demonstration 
Schools, Manchester : Journal of Education, 2nd April, 1910. 

Owen Grace. An English Student's Impressions of American Kinder- 
gartens : Child Life, April, 1900. The Training of Kindergarten 
Teachers in the United States : Child Life. A Study of the Original 
Kindergarten : The Elementary School Teacher (Chicago), Dec.,. 
1906. Handwork in History Teaching (with Dora Walford and 



EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 77 

M. E. Sadler) (see under Walford). The Handwork of the Infants' 
and Junior Schools : Educational Handwork, Sept., Dec., 1909. 
Recent Reforms in the Education of Young Children : In the hands 
of the Editors of Child-Study, Feb., March, 1910. 

Partington, J. B. Higher Mathematics for Chemical Students : London, 
1910 (in the press). 

Bees, Caleb. Education in relation to the Nation, the Child, the 
Teacher and the Administrator : (Welsh) Newport, Mon., 1908. 
The House System in Junior Schools : a Discussion and an Experi- 
ment : School World, Nov., 1908. 

Bobson, E. S. A. Practical Exercises in Heat : London, 1902. 
Report of a visit to American Educational Institutions : Manchester, 

1905. The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat : Proceedings of the 
Warrington Literary and Philosophical Society, 1910. 

Sadler, M. E., Editor of Board of Education Special Reports on 
Educational Subjects : London, 1896-1903; Contributed many articles. 
University Extension, Past, Present and Future : London, 1891 
(with H. J. Mackinder). The Leaving Examination as conducted 
in the Secondary Schools of Prussia : Beport of Boyal Commission 
on Secondary Education, Vol. V, 1895. Articles on the History and 
Present Organisation of English Education; for M. Buisson's 
Dictionnaire de Pedagogic, 2nd ed. Article on the History of 
English Education to 1870; for Prof. Bein's Encyklopddisches 
Handbuch der Padagogik. National Educational and Social Ideals 
Edited by B. D. Boberts, 1901. A University for Bristol : Address 
to the Merchant Venturers' Technical College, Bristol, Dec. 20th, 

1906. Address to the Education Science Section of the British 
Association : York, 1906. Should Attendance at Continuation 
Schools be made compulsory in England? Address to the North- 
Western Section of the Co-operative Educational Committees' 
Association : Manchester, 1907. John Ruskin's Plan for National 
Education : Address under the Carnegie Dunfermline Trust, 1907. 
The Care of the Church for her Members between the Ages of 
14. and 21 : Paper read at the Church Congress, Manchester, 1908. 
Organisations for Adult Education : Their Service to English 
National Life : Address to the Lancashire and Cheshire Union 
of Institutes, Bootle, 1908. The Present Trend of Educational 
Thought in England : Presidential Address to the Fulham Educa- 
tional Council, Oct. 25, 1909. Broad Lines in Science Teaching : 
(Introduction to),- Ed. Hodson : London, 1909. Teachers and the 
Religious Lesson : Presidential Address to the Teachers' Guild, 1909. 
The Relation of Elementary Schools to Technical Schools, Day 
and Evening : Paper read at the North of England Education 
Conference, Leeds, Jan., 1910. The Increase of the Powers of the 
State and of the Local Authorities in English Education, 1850-1910 : 



78 EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 

Report presented to the International Congress on Administrative 
Sciences, Brussels, 1910. Continuation Schools in England and 
Elsewhere : Their Place in the Educational System of an Industrial 
and Commercial State : To this work, which was the outcome of an 
inquiry made by members of the Department of Education in the 
University of Manchester, Prof. Sadler (the editor) contributed 
the Introduction, Chapter I (Historical Review), Chapter II 
(Present Position of State-aided Schools and Classes in England and 
Wales), Chapter XVI (The Organisation of Continuation Schools in 
Scotland), Chapter XXIII (The Trend towards Industrial Training 
in Continuation Schools in New England), Chapter XVIII (Com- 
pulsory Attendance at Continuation Schools in Germany), and 
Chapter XXV (Should Attendance at Continuation Schools be made 
Compulsory in England?), and was the joint writer of Chapters VI 
and XIV. Moral Instruction and Training in Schools, Report of 
an International Inquiry : Two volumes, which were published 
under his editorship : Prof. Sadler contributed the Introduction. 
Report on Secondary and Higher Education in Sheffield : London, 
1903. Report on Secondary Education in Liverpool : London, 1904. 
Report on Secondary and Technical Education in Huddersfield : 
London, 1904. Report on Secondary Education in Birkenhead : 
London, 1904. Report on Secondary and Higher Education in 
Hampshire : Education Office, The Castle, Winchester, 1904. Report 
on Secondary and Higher Education in Exeter, 1904 : Town Clerk's 
Office, Exeter. Report on Secondary and Higher Education in 
Derbyshire : Derby, 1904. Report on Secondary and Higher Educa- 
tion in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1904. Report on Secondary and 
Higher Education in Essex : County Education Office, Chelmsford, 
1905. Impressions of American Education : Address to the Annual 
Congress of the Educational Institute : Glasgow, 1902. Individuality 
in Education and the Claims of the State : Paper read at a Confer- 
ence of the Froebel Society and the British Child Study Association, 
Jan., 1903. On the Value of Private Schools in a National System of 
Education : Paper read at the Conference of the Private Schools 
Association, 1903. The School in Some of its Relations to Social 
Organisation and to National Life : Paper read to the Sociological 
Society, 1904. Handwork in History Teaching : June, 1908. The 
Signficance of Industrial Missions : Jan., 1909. The International 
Congress on Moral Education : Jan., 1909. The Two-Mindedness 
of England : April, 1910. Education in England : Monthly reviews 
of educational events and opinion in England, July 1903 to date. 
And many other publications. 

Sandiford, P. The Training of Teachers in England and Wales : 
Teachers' College, Columbia University, New York, 1910. 
Compulsory Continuation Schools : University Review, April, 1907. 



EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 79 

The Half-time System in the Textile Trades : Sadler's Continuation 
Schools : Manchester, 1907. Instruction in Science (with F. W. D. 
Marshall) : in Findlay's Fielden Demonstration School Record, I : 
Manchester, 1908. The Scientific Study of Education (with Prof. 
Findlay) : British Association Report (Dublin), 1908. The Dangers 
of Vocational Education : University Review, April, 1909. Report 
of the Consultative Committee on Attendance at Continuation 
Schools : Educational Review (American), Oct., 1909. Review of 
Judd's Doctrine of Attitudes : Journal of Educational Psychology, 
I, Feb., 1910. 

Schulze, D. G. Athletics in the Schools and Universities of England : 
Munroe's Cyclopcedia of Education. 

Smith, Frank. Genius and the School : Schoolmaster, Oct., 1909. French 
Holidays for English Boys : School World, Nov., 1910. The Plea 
of Youth : Teachers' Aid. Scouts : Manchester Guardian, July, 
1909. Etretat : Schoolmaster, July, 1910. 

Start, Laura. The Children's Work-Box (12 articles on handwork and 
coarse sewing for children) : Needlecraft Monthly Magazine, May, 
1907. Monthly Needlework Lesson (Continuous series) : Needle- 
craft Monthly Magazine, May, 1908, to the present date. 

Stockton, C. E. Elementary German Course : Modern Language 
Teaching, 1906. Continuation School System of Munich : Continua- 
tion Schools in England and Elsewhere, Ed. M. E. Sadler, 1908. 
The First Year's Course in French : Demonstration Schools Record, 
I, Ed. J. J. Findlay : Manchester, 1908. 

Sumner, E. J. Scenes from the Alchemists, in The Practical Teacher 
(Aug., 1906). 

Timpany, H. M. The Arithmetic of Physics and Chemistry : London, 
1903. Inorganic Qualitative Analysis : Edinburgh, 1904. The 
Bleaching and Sulphiding of Silver Bromide Papers : The British 
Journal of Photography, 21st Feb., 1908; and many other papers of 
like nature. 

Walford, Dora (with Grace Owen and M. E. Sadler). Handwork in 
History Teaching : Demonstration Schools Record, Chapter VII : 
Manchester University Press, 1908. 

Williamson, R. T. School Hygiene (pamphlet) : Manchester, 1904. The 
Home Life of School Children in relation to Education and Health : 
Manchester, 1906. Healthy Home-Life of School Children : Notes 
for Parents and Guardians : llth edition, by Prof. Dr. L. Burger- 
stein (Vienna) : Manchester, 1909. The Type in School Books and 
College Text Books : The Lancet : London, 13th Oct., 1906. The 
Health of School Teachers : The Medical Chronicle : Manchester, 
Feb., 1909. The Medical Examination of School Teachers; Article 
in book entitled Medical Examination of School and Scholars, Ed. 
by Dr. T. N. Kelynack : London, 1910. The Examination of the 



8o EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATIONS 

Physical Capacity of Candidates for the Teaching Profession : 
Rapports, I, I lie Congres international d'hygiene scolaire : Paris, 
1910. The First International Congress on School Hygiene (Nurn- 
berg), 1904 : Medical Chronicle : Manchester, June, 1904. The 
Third International Congress on School Hygiene, Paris, 1910 : 
Medical Chronicle : Manchester, Oct., 1910. 

Withers, H. L., the late. The Teaching of History, and other Papers 
(Collected and Edited by J. H. Fowler) : Manchester, 1904. This 
volume includes the literary work of Professor Withers, and also a 
biography, with interesting references to his work in the Day 
Training College. 

NOTE. The above lists are of necessity incomplete. The Education 
Department of Manchester University will be greatly obliged if past 
students will send to the Department particulars of books, monographs 
or articles written by them, as they appear. 



8i 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS ENTERED IN 
THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 
SINCE ITS FOUNDATION IN 1890.* 

ABBOT, DOROTHY, 13 Hawthorn Grove, Heaton Moor, near Stockport. 
ADAM, ALEXANDER, A.M. St. Paul's School, Withington, Manchester. 
ADAMS, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Seamen's Moss Endowed School, 

Altrincham, Cheshire. 
ADAMS, VIOLET DENISE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Languages, 1905 ; 

M.A., 1907; A.M. Bury High School for Girls; Derbyshire C.C. 

Major Scholarship, 1902; Dora Muir Entrance Exhibitioner, 1902; 

Gilchrist Student, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
ADAMSON, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; 157 Rochdale Road, 

Bury. 

ADAMSON, GEORGE, 127 Turton Street, Bolton. 

AINSCOUGH, CLARA JANE, B.A., 1910; Sunnyside, Derby Street, Bolton. 
AITKEN, GLADYS H. E., 55 Wellington Street East, Higher Broughton, 

Manchester. 
ALDRED, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Wem Grammar 

School; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
ALDRED, Mrs. HAROLD; see Webster, Lily. 
ALLCOCK, Mrs. W. B., Sunnyside Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa; 

see Jones, Alice Maud. 

ALLCOTT, ARNOLD, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Chippenham. 
ALMOND, MAUDE, 151 Bolton New Road, Atherton. 
ALTHAM, JOSIAH GOODACRE, B.A., 3rd class History, 1904; M.A., 1906; 

A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Salford, 1907; Shuttleworth 

History Exhibitioner. 
ANDERSON, JESSE, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School, 

Whalley Range, Manchester. 

ANDERSON, SELINA, B.A., 1909; 61 Standishgate, Wigan. 
ARMITSTEAD, HENRY M., B.Sc., 1900; Lecturer in Physics, Presidency 

College, Calcutta, 1906; Demonstrator, School of Science, 

Llanelly, 1901-6. 
ARNFIELD, WILLIAM, B.A., 1909; A.M. Cheadle Heath Council School, 

Stockport. 

* Change of Address, Corrections and additional information will be 
welcomed by the Secretaries of the two Training Students' Societies. 
It will be helpful if the information is also sent to the clerk of the 
Education Department, University of Manchester. 



82 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

ASCROFT, FLORENCE S., 521 Rose Hill, Pemberton, Wigan. 

ASHCROFT, MARGARET, 296 Woodhouse Lane, Wigan ; Wigan Scholarship. 

ASHTON, MARTHA, B.A., 2nd class History, 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. 

Secondary School, Blackpool, 1910; 1st class Teachers' Diploma; 

Shuttleworth History Exhibition, 1908. 
ASHWORTH, ALAN H., Inter.B.Sc., 1895; Hd.M. Higher Broughton 

Council School, Salford; Secretary Salford Head Teachers' Associa- 
tion. 

ASHWORTH, MAGGIE, 7 Colley Street, Heybrook, Rochdale. 
ASTBURY, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1904; M.Sc., 1907; Chemist, Messrs. 

Armstrong, Whitworth and Co., Manchester; A.M. Hawarden 

County School, 1904-6. 

ATHERSMITH, ALBERT E., A.M. Dale Street, Council School, Ulverston. 
ATHERTON, CLARA, 461 Atherton Road, Hindley Green. 
ATHERTON, JAMES, 259 Deane Road, Boldon 

ATKINSON, MURIEL, 4 Westwbod Street, Moss Lane East, Manchester. 
ATKINSON, ROBERTA, B.A., 1900; Assistant Inspector to Manchester 

Education Committee, Deansgate, Manchester. 
ATKINSON, SAMUEL GREENUP, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906; 

A.M. Grammar School, Fowey, Cornwall. 
AUTY, PATTIE EASTHAM, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. Salford 

Municipal Secondary School for Girls. 
AYDON, MATILDA, 1073 Chester Road, Stretford, Manchester. 

BACKHOUSE, THOMAS, B.A., 1908; St. Mark's, Newton, Manchester. 
BAGSHAW, EDITH MARY, B.A., 1897; Lecturer Bolton Day Training 

College, 1906. 
BAGSHAW, LILIAN JANE, (now Mrs. Morris), B.A., 1901; " Forestdene," 

Corder Road, Ipswich. 

BAGULEY, MARY, 17 Leven Terrace, Fairfield. 
BAILEY, CHARLES JAMES, 63 Knowsley Road, Smithills, Bolton. 
BAILEY, ETHEL, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Guernsey Ladies' School; 

Manchester Education Committee Scholarship, 1906. 
BAILEY, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1894; M.Sc., 1898; A.M. Westoe Road 

Secondary School, South Shields, 1898; First University Examina- 
tion (R.U.I.), 1906. 
BAINBRIDGE, Mrs., 387 Manchester Road, Hollinwood; see Middleton, 

Florence. 
BALDWIN, JOHN MCLEAN, M.Sc., 3rd class Physics, 1904; A.M. Taunton 

Trade School, Southampton, 1904. 
BALSHAW, WALTER, 571, Chorley Old Road, Bolton. 
BAMBER, EDITH, 414 Didsbury Road, Heaton Mersey. 
BANCROFT, ALF. ERNEST, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Higher Grade Public School, 

Golspie, N.B. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 83 

BANKS, MARGARET W., 63 Nirian Road, Cardiff; Queenswood, Clapham 

Park, School Scholarship. 

BANN, EMILY G., Rose Cottage, Adlington, Manchester. 
BARBER, JAMES, 84 Oldham Road, Waterloo, Ashton-under-Lyne. 
BARBER, MABEL MARY, B.A., 3rd class History, 1908; M.A., 1909; 

Elmwood, Whaley Bridge; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
BARKELL, LILIAN N., B.A. (Sheffield) ; 2 Broomfield Road, Heaton Moor, 

Stockport. 

BARKER, ADELINE, 14 Falcon Villa, Cheetham Hill, Manchester. 
BARKER, FLORENCE ANNIE, B.A., 1904; 79 Rodenhurst Road, Clapham 

Park, London, S.W. ; Rochdale Secondary School and P.T. Centre, 

1907-09; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
BARKER, ROBERT B., 29 Langshaw Street, Blackburn; Hulme Entrance 

Scholarship; Bradford Scholarship; Shuttleworth Exhibitioner. 
BARKER, WM. BOULTON, Inter. B.Sc., 1904; Optologist, 15 King Street, 

-Wigan. 
BARLOW, GERTRUDE EMILY, B.A., 1900; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Burton-on-Trent. 

BARNES, FREDERICK R., 4 Denstone Road, Pendleton. 
BARNES, GRACE, B.A., 1908; Woodleigh Bank, Waterfoot; Diploma, 1910. 
BARON, WILLIAM, B.A., 1908; A.M. Cockburn High School, Leeds. 
BARROW, ERNEST ISAAC, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. County Secondary School, 

Penzance, Cornwall. 
BARROW, JAMES H., Inter. B. A., 1898 ; Coal Clough County School, 

Burnley. 
BARTON, MARION, B.A., 1903; Delamere, Stepping Hill, Stockport; 

A.M. Stockport Pupil Teachers' Centre. 
BARTON, THOMAS, A.M. St. John's School, Pemberton, Wigan. 
BATESON, HARTLEY, 7 Stanley Road, Waterloo, Liverpool. 
BATESON, THOMAS, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1894; M.A., 1897; 

Director of Education, Waterloo, Liverpool ; Seaton Entrance 

Scholarship, 1890; Hulme Entrance Scholarship, 1890; Bradford 

History Scholarship, 1892 ; University Scholarship in History, 1894 ; 

John Bright Scholarship, 1895; Teachers' Diploma, 1897. 
BATLEY, WARD ALLEN, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1909; Lecturer, Lancashire 

and Cheshire Band of Hope Union, Onward Buildings, Deansgate, 

Manchester; A.M. Maryborough Road Council School, Salford, 1907. 
BEATON, HENRY ALBERT, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; Taunton School, 

Taunton. 

BEDFORD, MABEL ESTELLA, Elm Dean, Huddersfield Road, Halifax. 
BEDSON, MURIEL ALICE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 1908 ; 

M.A., 1909; 137 Lapwing Lane, Didsbury; A.M. Manchester High 

School for Girls, 1909-10; Walters Scholarship, 1906; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1909. 
BECK, LOUISA, 12 Cleveland Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester. 



84 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

BEECROFT, JENNIE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Queen Mary's High School, Walsall, 

since 1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
BEELEY, ANNIE HOWARD, B.A., 1908; Holly Cottage, Heaton Norris; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 

BEGG, WILLIAM, in the Coal business, Edinburgh. 

BELL, ALBERT H., B.Sc., 1902; Sherwen House, Dearham, Cumberland; 
Demonstrator, Royal College of Science, London, 1904; Lecturer in 
Physics, Science and Art Institute, Walsall, 1905; Harling Scholar 
in Physics. 

BELL, JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. High School, Middlesborough ; D.T.C. 
Exhibitioner; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner. 

BELL, JOHN MURRAY, B.A. (Oxford) ; A.M. Merchiston School, Edin- 
burgh; Teachers' Diploma, 1910; Withers Prize. 

BELL, MINNIE JOSEPHINE, M.A., 1909; 55 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M. ; 
Manchester Education Committee Scholarship, 1905 ; Gilchrist 
Modern Language Studentship, 1909 ; Graduate Scholarship Modern 
Languages, 1908; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 

BELL, NEVILLE S., Inter. B.Sc., 1893; A.M. Southern Higher Grade 
School, Leeds. 

BELLAMY, ERNEST A., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St. Annes County School, Sale. 

BELT, GERTRUDE A., 47 Walmer Street, Rusholme, Manchester. 

BBNGRY, PERCY HAROLD, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1909; A.M. County Inter. 
School, Torwyn, Merioneth, North Wales, 1906. 

BENNETT, HAROLD, B.A., 1907; A.M. Ashton Old Road Municipal School, 
Manchester. 

BENNETT, WALTER, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Taunton's School, 
Southampton. 

BENSON, HANNAH, 13 Bates Street, Manchester, S.E. ; Bleackley Scholar- 
ship, 1909. 

BENSON, MARY, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School, 
Whalley Range, Manchester. 

BENT, NANCY HOWARTH, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 6 Marsden Street, 
Monton Green. 

BERRY, ANNIE, 113 Hodges Street, Wigan. 

BEST, RACHEL, B.A., 1897; A.M. Leek High School. 

BEVAN, ELLEN MAY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Botany, 1910; 32 Nanson 
Street, Scarborough; North Riding of Yorkshire C.C. Scholarship, 
1907. 

BEVERLEY, WALTER, 45 Mulberry Street, Hulme, Manchester; Dalton 
Mathematical Scholarship, 1910. 

BINNS, ALFRED, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Eversley School, 
Stamford. 

BIHKBY, JOHN GAY, B.A., 1898; M. A., 1904; L.C.P.; A.M. Municipal 
Secondary School, Manchester, 1904. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 85 

BIRKBY, LUCY ELEANOR, Hd.M. Webster Street Municipal School, 
Infants' Department, Manchester. 

BIBKBY, MARY J., "Leslie," Longley Road, Worsley. 

BIRNAGE, GEORGE ALFRED, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. County School, Connaught 
Road, Leytonstone, N.E. 

BISHOP, WILLIAM B., 36 Welb Street, Horwich. 

BLACK, JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central School, 

Manchester. 

BLACKSHAW, ROWLAND, 6 Queen's P. R. Terrace, Blackburn. 
BLAIN, JOHN, Inter. B.Sc. ; died 1903. 

BLAKE, C. E. BRIDGETT, 1st class Final Hons. School English Language 

and Literature (Oxford) ; Yeabridge, S. Petherton, Somerset. 
BLEAKLEY, JOHN ALLEN, B.Sc. (Camb.) ; Hyrstlea, Whitefield, Lanes. ; 

Lancashire C.C. Scholarship, 1904; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
BLOY, MARION EDNA, B.A., 1908; 650 Atherton Road, Hindley Green, 

Wigan. 

BOAG, ELSIE R., 25 Wilfred Street, Derby; Local Bursary. 
BOARDMAN, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1896; F.C.S. ; A.M. Central Secondary 

School, Bolton, 1897. 
BOCK, CHARLOTTE M. V., 2nd class Mediaeval and Modern Languages 

Tripos (Camb.) ; Lark Hill, Bowdon, Cheshire. 
BODDINGTON, JAMES E., 81 Oscar Street, Lightbowne Road, Moston. 
BONNEY, JAMES PATTERSON ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
BOORNE, MARGARET G., 47 Woodchurch Lane, Preston, Birkenhead. 
BOOTH, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Higher Elementary School, Sale, 

Cheshire. 
BORLAND, HUGH BECKET, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; A.M. Christ Church 

Upper School, Salford. 
Boss, ELIZABETH WILSON, B.A., 1898 ; M.A., 1901 ; 434 Moss Lane East, 

Manchester; A.M. Salford P.T. Centre and Secondary School 

for Girls; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 

BOTHAM, ELSIE M., 8 Yarburgh Street, Alexandra Park, Manchester. 
BOTTOMLEY, CHRISTINE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Mottram. 
BOTTOMLEY, WINIFRED, B.A. (London) ; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Salford; Teachers' Diploma, 1902. 
BOULTON, HARRY, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1908; M.A., 1909; 

A.M. County Secondary School for Boys, Kew Road, Richmond, 

S.W. ; Staffordshire C.C. Scholarship, 1905. 
BOWKER, ELIZA, B.Sc., 1910; Lyndhurst, Knight Street, Hyde. 
BOWMAN, FLOR. R., Final Hons. School of Modern History (Oxford) ; 

10 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester. 
BOWTELL, LOUISA MINNIE, B.A., 1902; A.M. Plymouth Grove Municipal 

School, Girls' Department, Manchester, since 1903. 



86 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

BOWTELL, THOMAS HENRY, B.A., 1899; M.A., 1903; 36 Broadgate, 

Preston; A.M. Secondary School, Accrington; Teachers' Diploma, 

1902. 

BOYES, SYBIL, 26 Delaunay's Koad, Crumpsall. 
BOYLE (Rev.), DAVID H., B.Sc., 1896; B.A. (Camb.), 1904; Tutor and 

Chaplain, The College, Chester, 1906; A.M. Roby P.T. Centre, 

Manchester, 1898-1901; Assistant, Curate, St. Thomas', Hyde, 

1904-6. 
BRADSHAW, GEO. ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. West Leeds High School, 

Leeds. 

BRAMMALL, Mrs.; see Jackson, Mary M. 
BRAMWELL, FRED., B.Sc., 1906; A.M., Burgess St. Boys' School, 

Harpurhey, Manchester. 
BRANSON, JNO. C. S., B.Sc., 1904; A. M. King Edward VII. Grammar 

School, King's Lynn, 1905. 

BRAY, NORA, Jubilee Terrace, Delph, Nr. Oldham. 
BREAKELL, ALBERT S., The Poplars, Westhoughton, Bolton. 
BREAR, ARTHUR, B.Sc. 1894; A.M. Technical School, Halifax. 
BRENTNALL, ELSIE, Hd.M. School for Defectives, Harpurhey. 
BRERETON (Rev.), NEVILLE, B.A., 1898; Curate of Fairfield, Liverpool; 

A.M. Birley Street Science School Manchester, 1898; Wycliffe Hall, 

Oxford, 1903-4 ; Curate, St. Simon and St. Jude, Anfield, Liverpool, 

1904. 

BREWER, GLADYS L., 7 Park Road, East, Birkenhead. 
BRIAN, PERCY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc., 1906; A.M. Waverley Road 

Secondary School, Birmingham; Lecturer in Nature Study Smeth- 

wick Technical School, 1906-7. 
BRICKHILL, ARTHUR A. ; A.M. Ross Place Council School, Ardwick, 

Manchester. 
BRIERLEY, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1893; F.C.S. ; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Oldham ; Assistant Lecturer in Chemistry and Physics, 

Huddersfield Technical College, 1895-8. 

BRIERLEY, WM. B., 35 Amos Street, Church Lane, Moston, Manchester. 
BRIGGS, FRANK; A.M. Higher Grade School, Darwen. 
BRIGGS, JOHN T., Hd.M. Eastwood Council School, Todmorden. 
BRINDLE, FLORENCE ELIZABETH. 

BRINDLEY, FLORENCE, 154 Bradford Street, The Hanlegh, Bolton. 
BROADBENT, JOHN, B.A., 3rd class Hons. English Literature, 1907; 

M.A. 1908; Upper Court Street, Uppermill, near Oldham; Englisches 

Seminar, Universitat, Innsbruck, Austria; English Teacher at 

Luxembourg, 1907. 
BRODIE, ELIZABETH JANET, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; Lecturer, Havergal 

College, Toronto, Canada; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
BROMLEY, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; Lecturer, 

Rutherford College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1909; Professeur Assistant 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 87 

d' Anglais, Ecole de Commerce, Marseilles, 1907; Truro College, 
Cornwall, 1908-9. 

BROOKS, ELIZABETH, Croft House, Barnoldswick, Colne. 

BROOKS, SELINA, B.A., 1910; 8 Orange Hill Road, Heaton Park, Man- 
chester. 

BROOME, JAMES SPEARS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. in Chemistry, 1904; 
M.Sc., 1907, F.C.S. ; Science Master, Salford Municipal Secondary 
School, and Lecturer in Chemistry in Radcliffe Technical School; 
Herbert Birley Memorial Scholarship ; Mercer Scholar in Chemistry, 
1904. 

BROWN, CATHERINE (now Mrs. Morley), 20, Premier Road, Nottingham ; 
Teacher of Needlework, Owens College, Manchester, 1899-1902. 

BROWN, FLORENCE MARGARET, B.Sc., 1905; 7 Alexandra Grove, 
Plymouth Grove, Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

BROWN, FRANCES. 

BROWN, JOHN THOMAS, Hd.M. National School, Tottington, Bury. 

BROWN, MARGARET MARY, 4 Upper Chorlton Road, Brooks's Bar, Man- 
chester; Science School of Catholic Women's League. 

BROWN, MARIA C., Ill Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 

BROWN, MARION, Trenton Villa, James Street, Stoke-on-Trent. 

BROWN, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Montgomery Street School, Bir- 
mingham. 

BROWN, THOMAS, Inter. B. A. (R.U.I.) ; A.M. Mansfield Street School, 
Ardwick, Manchester. 

BROWN, TOM, B.Sc., 2nd class, 1910; 597 Stockport Road, Longsight. 

BUCKLEY, WILLIAM H., St. Mark's Road, Preston. 

BULLOUGH, ALICE, B.A., 1907; Assistant, Royal Latin School, Bucking- 
ham, 1907. 

BULLOUGH, FLORENCE, B.A., 1899; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 
Manchester, 1904. 

BULLOUGH, JOSEPH, B.A., 1910; A.M. Buccleuch School, Hawick. 

BULLOUGH, LOUISA, B.A., 1903; Sandfield, Hkidley. 

BUNTING, FLORENCE. 

BUNTING, SAMUEL, J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Higher Elementary School, 
New Brighton, Cheshire. 

BURKE, LAURA, M.A. ; R.U.I.; 9 Mountjoy Place, Dublin; Teachers' 
Diploma, 1907; Wither's Prize. 

BURRELL, HARRY T., A.M. Municipal School, Elysian Street, Higher 
Openshaw, Manchester. 

BURRELL, WILKINSON WILLIAM, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Chemistry, 1909; 
A.M. Lymm Grammar School; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 

BURROW, ALICE;, 98 Moss Lane West, Moss Side, Manchester. 

BURTON, JOHN REGINALD, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. St. Margaret's Central 
School, Whalley Range, Manchester. 

BURTON, MARGUERITE R, B.A., 1899; Hd.M. P.T. Centre, Bootle. 



88 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

BURY, FRANK WARD, B.Sc., 1909; A,M. Secondary School, Hebden 

Bridge. 
BURY, JAMES A., 22 Ashber Street, Bolton; Royal Masonic School 

Scholarship. 

BURY, MABEL, 55 Park Road, Monton. 
BUTTERFIELD, EDITH M., Market Street, Darwen. 
BUTTERWORTH, DORA, 246 Agnes Road, Old Trafford. 
BUTTERWORTH, HARwooD, B.Sc., 1907; 17 Denham Road, Sheffield. 
BUTTERWORTH, STEPHEN, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1907; M.Sc., 

1908 ; Demonstrator in Physics, School of Technology, Manchester ; 

Heginbottom Scholar, 1905. 
BYRNE, ALICE M. P., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1910 ; 24 Wellington 

Street, St. John's, Blackburn. 
BYRNE, GEORGE T., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; Ribchester 

Road, Wilpshire, Blackburn. 

CALDECOTE, FLORENCE, 5 Lesie Street, Woodley, Cheshire. 

CALEY, CHARLES E., 10 Dal ton Street, Douglas, Isle of Man. 

CALLISTER, WM. EDWARD, B.Sc., 1902; F.C.S. ; L.C.P. ; Science Master, 
Secondary School, Douglas, Isle of Man, 1904. 

CALVERLEY, VERA, Bailey Terrace, Delph, near Oldham. 

CAMPBELL, EMMA M., B.A., 1896; 121 Acomb Street, Moss Side, Man- 
chester; Assistant Teacher in the Mulberry Street Council School, 
Manchester. 

CANNAN, KATHLEEN M., Esperanza, Ham Bridge, Newbury, Berks. 

CARESWELL, GEORGE M., 76 Upper Brook Street, Manchester. 

CARROLL, JOHN B., A.M. Nelson Street School, Miles Platting. 

CARTER, CATHERINE, 28 Cavendish Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Man- 
chester. 

CARTWRIGHT, ELSIE, 61 Richmond Grove, Manchester. 

CARTWRIGHT, EMILY, B.A., 1907; 49 Plymouth Grove, Manchester. 

CASTLE, LEONARD J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Castleford Secondary School, 
near Leek. 

CATCHPOULE, MABEL J., A.M. Under London C.C. 

CATTERALL, ERNEST E., A.M. Abel Street Council School, Burnley. 

CATTERALL, JOHN HERBERT, B.A. ; Hd.M. Council School, Cleveleys; 
Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

CATTON, ANNIE S., 5 Fleet Street, Bury, Lanes. 

CAVILL, CHARLES, A.M. Rothwell Carlton School, Wakefield. 

CHADDERTON, ANNA LEIGH (now Mrs. Christopher Davidson), B.A., 1895 ; 
M.A., 1900; Rush Hill, Upper Mill, Oldham; Mistress of Method, 
Durham College of Science (now Armstrong College), Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, 1900-5. 

CHADWICK, CAROLINE;, B.A., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School 
for Girls, Salford, since 1906. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 89 

CHADWICK, EDITH DOROTHY, B.A., 1907; A.M. Southall Street Muni- 
cipal School, Cheetham, Manchester. 
CHAMBERS, ETHEL, B.A., 1899; A.M. Mauldeth Eoad Municipal School, 

Withington, Manchester. 

CHANDLER, DORA L., 34 Boulevards, Saville Park, Halifax. 
CHANDLEY, SILVIA D., B.A., 1901 ; 7 High Field Avenue, Wardle Road, 

Sale ; Formerly A.M. at Sale High School for Girls. 
CHARLESWORTH, JOHN, B.Sc., 1902; M.Sc., 1908; F.Ph.S.L. ; Lecturerin 

Physics, Northern Polytechnic Institute, London, N., 1903; P.T.C. 

Exhibitioner. 
CHARLTON, EDWIN JOHNSON, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Grammar 

School, Beaumaris; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
CHARNLEY, JOSEPH, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Languages, 1907; A.M. 

Whitgift Middle School, Croydon; Gilchrist Travelling Student, 

1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
CHARNOCK, JAMES, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. Margaret's Central School, 

Whalley Range, Manchester. 
CHASHAM, ANNIE. 
CHATER, FRANK, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; 105 Abington Avenue, 

Northampton. 
CHEETHAM, FREDK. THOMAS, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. The 

College, Cleobury Mortimer, Salop; Marlboro' Rd. Council School, 

Salford, 19071910. 

CHESTER, WILLIAM, Nokes Farm, Panfield, nr. Braintree, Essex. 
CHESWORTH, NELLIE, 181 Lloyd St., Greenheys, Manchester. 
CHISHOLM, ALICE THORNLEY, B.A., 1900; A.M. Mun. Sec. School, 

Colne ; Bolton Municipal Secondary School, 1903-8 ; Fielden Demon- 
stration School, 1908-9; Teachers' Diploma, 1902. 
CHORLTON, NELLIE, (now Mrs. Lance Fallaw), B.Sc., 1898; 198 Talford 

St., Rickhampton, Queensland, Australia; Teacher in Bede Higher 

Grade Girls' School, Sunderland, 1898-1901. 
CLAGUE, NESSIE CATHERINE, B.A., 1905 ; A.M. Queenswood Girls' School, 

Clapham Park, London. 
CLARK, ADA MARGARET, B.A., 1910; A.M. Marlborough Rd. Council 

School, Salford. 

CLARKE, AMOS, East Ward Council School, Bury. 
CLARKE, CATHERINE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Uplands School, St. Leonards- 

on-Sea, 1907; A.M. Bootle, Liverpool, 1904-6; Teachers' Diploma, 

Cambridge, 1906. 

CLARKE, HEBE, 14 Willow Grove, Marple. 
CLARKSON, FRED., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St>. Barnabas' School, Oldham Rd., 

Manchester. 
CLARKSON, JESSIE DE(WRANCB, (now Mrs. A. R. Skemp), B.A., 1st class 

Hons. Hist., 1904; M.A., 1906; The University, Bristol; A.M. 

Manchester High School for Girls, 1907-8 ; Jones History Entrance 



90 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Scholar, 1901; Wither's Prize; Bradford Hist. Prize, 1903 ; Teachers' 
Diploma, 1905. 
CLAYDON, Mrs., 411 Park Rd., Oldham; see Viner, Mary. 

CLAYTON, EDITH, B.A., 1904; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton-under- 

Lyne; A.M. Harris Institute, Preston, 1904-5. 
CLAYTON, JOHN A., 'Oakleigh,' Manchester Rd., Deaiton. 

CLAYTON, MARY, B.A., 1st class Hons. Mod. Lang., 1908; M.A., 1909; 
A.M. High School for Girls, Dover St., Manchester; 1st class 
Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 

CLAYTON, NORMAN, B.A., 1909; 81 Manchester Rd., Hapton, nr. Burnley. 
CLEGG, FREDC. BRADBURY, B.Sc., 1910; 160 Bury Rd., Rochdale. 
CLEGG, SAMUEL, A.M. P.T. Centre, Long Eaton, Derbyshire. 
CLEGG, WILLIAM A., 572 St. Helen's Rd., Bolton. 
CLEMENTS, SADIE, Ingleside, Holland Rd., Chorlton-cum-Hardy. 
CLIFF, FRANCISCO CAROLINE, B.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal Technical 
School, Nelson. 

CLIFF, ROSE GERTRUDE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Waterloo Secondary School, 

Oldham; A.M. in charge P.T. Centre, Municipal Secondary School, 

Nelson, 1904-9 ; see Priestnall, Mrs. J. 
CLOUGH, LILIAN MARY, B.A., 1909 ; 44 The Avenue, Leigh. 
COCKCROFT, CLEMENT RANDOLF, B.A., 1909; A.M. Boys' Modern School, 

Leeds. 
COCKS, MABEL ANGELINA, B.A., 1904; Senior Mistress, P.T. Centre, 

Hyde. 
COHEN, SIMON, 362 Great Cheetham St. E., Manchester ; Dalton Entrance 

Scholarship. 
COIGNOU, CAROLINE, 3rd class Nat. Science Tripos, Cambridge; M.A., 

Dublin ; Education Department, County Hall, Wakefield, West 

Riding; Formerly A.M. Manchester High School for Girls ; Inspector 

for Secondary Schools to the Board of Education and the University 

of London. 
COLCLOUGH, TOM PEACH, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary 

School, Woodhouse, Sheffield ; Ash ford Grammar School, Kent, 

1905 ; Hugh Mason Scholarship, 1902 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
COLECLOUGH, H. TUDOR, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Waterloo Rd. Council 

School, Cheetham, Manchester, and Evening Lecturer, Royal Tech. 

Institute, Sal ford. 
COLLINS, CLARA, B.A., 1906 ; A.M. Birley Street Central School, Beswick, 

Manchester; A.M. Princess Road Municipal School, Manchester, 

1906. 

COMBES, JAMES G. ; Chalfont Street School, Bolton. 
CONNOLLY, ELEN F., 50 Blackthorn Street, Ardwick, Manchester. 
COOKE, HERBERT SWIFT, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Seymour Rd. School, 

Clayton, Manchester. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 91 

COOKE, MARTHA E., B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Maths., 1910; Bridge House, 

Astley, nr, Manchester. 
COOKB, MATTHEW J. H., B.Sc., 1903; Lecturer in Mathematics and 

Physics, Technical School, Stockport. 
COOKSON, Mrs., Holmeleigh, Wormington Road, Sale; see Mitchell, 

Mary. 
COOPER, MARY, B.Litt., Durham; 29 Parsonage Road, Heaton Moor, 

Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 
CORSON, HILDA, Kenwyn, Harboro' Road, Ashton-on-Mersey ; see Parkes, 

Mrs. S. 
COTTRELL, ALLIN, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1907; M.Sc., 1910; 

A.M. Technical School, Dewsbury ; Assist. Teacher, Waterloo Senior 

School, Oldham. 
COTTRELL, RHODA, B.A., 1st class Geography and Economics; Gatehead 

Brow, Delph, nr. Oldham. 
COWARD, DOROTHY GLADYS, B.Sc., 2nd class Botany, 1908; M.Sc., 1909; 

Resident Tutor; The Oaks, Fallowfield; A.M. Broughton and 

Crumpsall High School; Dora Muir Entrance Scholar, 1905. 
COWARD, Mrs. H. F., 216 Plymouth Grove, Manchester; see Matthias, 

Sarah. 
COWARD, KATHERINE HOPE, B.Sc., 2nd class Botany, 1906; M.Sc., 1909; 

Science Mistress, Skipton Girls' Grammar School ; Research Study, 

1907-8. 
COWARD, WINIFRED ETHEL, B.Sc., 1st class Zoology, 1908; M.Sc., 1908; 

13 Garden Walk, Ashton-on-Ribble. 
COWGILL, MARY E. E., Shirebrook Vicarage, Worksop. 
COWLEY, Mrs., Westgate, Orchard Road, Northenden ; see Warrington, 

Ida M. 

Cox, FRANK, B.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Stockport. 
COXSON, ESTHER SHELMERDINE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Stockport Municipal 

Secondary School, 1907; A.M. Stockport P.T. Centre, 1904-7. 
CRAIG, ELSIE, B.A., 1902; 35 Derby Street, Moss Side, Manchester; 

A.M. Stretford Road Secondary School, 1904. 
CRAIG, ROBINA Y., B.A., 3rd class Hons. History; 8 Parkfield Street, 

Moss Side, Manchester. 
CRAVEN, CLARA, B.A., 1906; A.M. County Secondary School, Hyde, 

1906. 
CRAVEN, FREDERICK HAROLD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1908; 

M.A., 1909; A.M. Keith Grammar School, Scotland; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1909. 

CRAWFORD, WILLIAM, 4 Garnet Wolsley Street, Pendleton. 
CRAWSHAW, KATE, B.A., 1902; Barwood Mount, Ramsbottom; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1902. 
CRAWSHAW, MARGARET, B.A., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 

Haslingden; A.M. Lancaster P.T. Centre, 1904-06. 



92 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

CRICK, DOUGLAS W., 2 Lawrence Street, Ardwick, Manchester. 

CRITCHLEY, FREDERICK, 25 Trafalgar Road, Wigan. 

CROFTS, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Pupil Teachers' College, Smethwick, 

Birmingham, 1905; A.M. Moseley Road School, Birmingham, 1903-4. 
CROSLAND, DOROTHY, The Hawthorns, Bredbury, Cheshire. 
CROSLAND, ESTHER, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; The Hawthorns, Bredbury, 

Stockport ; Victoria Scholar, 1907. 
CROWCROFT, OLIVE MARY, B.Sc., 1910; 35 Buck Road, Cale Green, 

Stockport. 
CROWE, MILDRED H., A.M. Vine Street Girls' Municipal School, Hulme, 

Manchester. 

CROWE, NORAH J., 268, Moss Lane East, Moss Side, Manchester. 
CUNLIFFE, HELEN, B.A., London; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 

Accrington; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
CURTIS, MARGARET, 82 Clarendon Rd., C.-on-M., Manchester; Bradford 

and Shuttleworth Scholarships, 1910. 

CURZON, JOHN R., 5 Winnington Lane, Northwich, Cheshire. 
CURZON, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; Winnington 

Lane, Northwich. 
CUSSONS, MABEL OLIVE, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Pupil Teachers' Centre, 

Middleton. 
CUTTILL, KATHLEEN, A.M. Leigh St. Council School, Hyde (Senior 

Dept.). 
GUTTLER, GEORGE F., B.A., 1910 ; West Bank, Hall Lane, Hindley. 

DAGUTSKI, HARRY, B.A., Oxford, 1910 ; The University, Manchester. 
DANSON, GEORGE, Heaton Bank, New Hall Lane, Preston. 
DAUGHTRY, IRENE;, Victoria Church Hostel, 226 Oxford Rd., Manchester. 
DAVENPORT, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Hr. Gr. Council School, Pendle- 

ton, and Hd.M. and Lecturer in Pure Mathematics, Radcliffe 

Technical School (Evening Classes), since 1898. 
DAVID, WM. JOHN, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Romilly Road Schools, Barry, S. 

Wales; A.M. Hannah Street School, Barry, 1904; Teacher of 

Magnetism and Electricity under the Barry Technical Instruction 

Committee, since 1906. 

DAVIDSON, Mrs. ; see Chadderton, Annie L. 
DAVIDSON, MAGGIE, B.A., 1901 ; Senior Mistress, County Secondary 

School, Hyde. 

DAVIES, FRANK, Inter. B.Sc.; 11 Mary Street West, Horwich. 
DAVIES, MARGARET ELIZ., (now Mrs. Frank Roscoe), B.Sc., 1895; The 

University, Birmingham ; Lecturer in the Swansea Training College, 

18951900. 

DAVIES, MARION M., 64 St. Bees Street, Moss Side, Manchester. 
DAWSON, Mrs., 74 Lansdowne Road, Hr. Crumpsall, Manchester; see 

Henshaw, Esther Gertrude. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 93 

DAWSON, HARRY, A.M. St. Joseph's School, Gateshead. 

DAWSON, JAMES FERGUSON, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Higher Grade School, 

Tarbert, Loch Tyne; A.M. Varna Street Council School, Openshaw, 

Manchester, 1907-8. 
DAWSON, MARGARET, B.A., 1903; Hd.M. Victoria Road Council School, 

Northwich, 1908; A.M. Bolls Eoad Council School, 1903-4; Hd.M. 

Springhead Council School, 1905-8. 

DAWSON, SHEPHARD, B.A., 1901; M.A., 1904; Second Master, Lydney 
Secondary School; Cumberland C.C. Major Scholarship; B.Sc. 
Hons., Lond. ; Teachers' Diploma, London, 1906. 

DAY, EUGENIE E., 88 Park Lane, Macclesfield. 

DEAKIN, Rev. GEORGE ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1903; Curate of Great Harwood, 
Blackburn ; Assistant Master in Manchester, 1903-4 ; Resident 
Warden of Stockport Ruskin Hall, 1904-5; A.M. at Stockport, 
1904-5 ; Curate of St. Matthew's Church, Ardwick, 1906 ; Ordained 
Deacon, 1906. 

DEAKIN, MARY A., B.A., 2nd class English, 1908; M.A., 1909; 128 
Grenville Street, Stockport; Shakespeare Scholarship, 1907; John 
Bright Fellowship, 1909. 

DEAN, Mrs., 38 Wath Street, Sharrow, Sheffield ; see Taylor, Clara. 

DEAN, THOMAS!, B.Sc., 1903; Senior Mathematical Master, Technical 
College, East Ham, 1905; Science Master, The Church Institute, 
Bolton, 1903-5; Lane. C.C. Senior Sc. Exhib. 

DEARDEN, FRANK, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Princess Road Council School, Moss 
Side, Manchester. 

DERBY, EMILY, B.A., 1899 ; Lecturer, Manchester Municipal Training 
College; formerly A.M. Roby P.T. Centre, Manchester 

DERBY, MILDRED, 20 Oak Bank, Harpurhey, Manchester. 

DERBYSHIRE, HAROLD E., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Cheetham Central 
School, Manchester. 

DESDEN, ALICE;, A.M. Seymour Park, Infants, Manchester. 

DESDEN, AMENA A., A.M. Beever Street Council School, Oldham. 

DEWHURST, JAMES^ B.,Sc., 1896; AM. Yardly Secondary School, 
Birmingham, 1905. 

DEWSNUP, ERNEST R., B.A., 1895; M.A., 1900; Professor of Railway 
Administration, Illinois University, U.S.A., 1907; Assistant Super- 
intendent, P.T. Centre, Swansea, 1895-6; Lecturer in English and 
Mathematics, Central Organised School Swansea, 1896-8; Principal 
of Graceland College, Iowa, 1898-9; Sikes Lecturer in Economics 
and Head of the Department of Higher Commercial Education, 
Huddersfield Technical College, 1899-1903; Lecturer in Railway 
Transport, University of Manchester, 1903-4; Professor of Rail- 
way Economics, Director of the Courses in Railway Education, 
University of Chicago, 1904-7; New Shakespeare Soc. Prize; 



94 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Cobden Club Prize ; Warburton Essay Prize ; Jevons Studentship, 
1903; F.R.G.S. ; F.S.S. 
DICKERSON, EMILY, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Birley Street Central School 

Beswick, Manchester. 
DIGGLE, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909, 37 Wood Street, Middleton Junction, 

Manchester. 
DIMMOCK, JOHN, B.A., 1907; A.M. St. Matthew's Higher Grade School, 

Preston, 1906. 

DINSLEY, CHAS. F., 185 Eaves Lane, Chorley. 
DIXEY, GLADYS N., B.A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1910; The Rectory, 

Harpurhey, Manchester. 

DOBSON, JAS. W., B.Sc., 2nd, 1910; 158 St. James's Road, Blackburn. 
DOBSON, MARGARET ANNE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. School House, 
Urswick, Ulverston; John Bright Fellowship, 1909; Shakespeare 
Scholar, 1907. 

DODGE, EVA, B.A., 2nd class History, 1901; M.A., 1904; Lecturer, 

Training College, Hereford; Gilchrist Travelling Studentship, 1903; 

A.M. Lincoln P.T. Centre, 1904-7; Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1907-8; 

Jones History Entrance Scholarship, 1898 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 

DOOTSON, PERCY, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; Oak Dene, Shrewsbury Rd., 

Bolton. 
DOUGLAS, GEO. FRED., B.Sc., 3rd class Physics, 1904; M.Sc., 1908; 

Jas. Gaskell Ent. Scholarship. 
DOWLER, HELEN, (now Mrs. Fairbrother) , B.A., 1903; Willow Bank, 

Westhoughton, nr. Bolton. 
DOWNS, EDMUND, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; A.M. 

Battersea Polytechnic, S.W. 
DOYLE, ARTHUR L., 121 High Street West, Glossop; Mackie Memorial 

Scholarship. 
DRAYCOTT, EDWIN GEORGE, B.A., 1908; A.M. P.T. Centre, The Bede 

Collegiate School, Sunderland. 
DRAYCOTT, ERNEST CHAS., B.A., 1910; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Brighton. 
DRINKWATER, LILAS, B.A., 1910; A.M. Cavendish Street School, All 

Saints, Manchester. 

DRUMMOND, EDITH E., 9 Pembroke Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
DUCKWORTH, CHRISTINA, 81 Regent Street, Salford. 
DUCKWORTH, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1904; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Municipal 
Secondary School, Royal Technical Institute, Salford; A.M. in 
Manchester and Salford, 1904; Lowestoft Pupil Teachers' Centre 
and Secondary School, 1905; F.C.S. 

DUDDLE, WILLIAM K., 77 High Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
DUFFIN, HENRY CHARLES, B.A., 1st class Hons. English Literature, 
1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Municipal School, Banbury, Oxon; Lang- 
uage Master at Thome Grammar School, 1907. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 95 

DUNCAN, ELIZABETH, A.M. Infants' Department, Southall Street School, 
Strangeways, Manchester. 

DUTTON, ETHEL, B.A., 1902; Sunnyside, Upper Chorlton Road, Man- 
chester; A.M. Stoke-on-Trent P.T. Centre, 1902-4; Hd.M. Taunton 
P.T. Centre, 1904-5; Student Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1907; Tem- 
porary Posts at Droyssig and Birmingham in 1906-8. 

DUTTON, FRANK, B.Sc., 1896; Head of Chemical Department, Alleyn's 
School, Dulwich, S.E., 1904; A.M. at Central Higher Grade 
Schools, Leeds, 1896-7; Science Master, Carpenters' Companys' 
Technical Institute, Stratford, London, E., 1897-1904; Fellow of 
Physical Society. 

DUXBURY, ROBERT J., A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Darwin. 

DYKE, THOS. JAMES, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Silver Street School, Warrington; 
A.M. P.T.'s Centre, Chester-le Street, 1907; A.M. Silver Street 
School, Warrington; Cheshire C.C. Scholar, 1904. 

DYKES, JESSIE, B.A., 1900; M.A., 1903; A.M. Munic. Secondary School, 
Oldham; A.M. Hanley Higher Grade School. 



EARNSHAW, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1908; Yorkshire Street, Rochdale. 

EASON, HERBERT A., Inter. B.Sc.; 35 Kirkgate, Bradford; I.C.S. 

EAST, ISABELLA, 18 Warley Road, King's Cross, Halifax. 

EASTWOOD, Mrs., The Vicarage, Cross Stone, Todmorden; see Lightfoot, 
Maud. 

ECKERSLEY, IDA M., 506 Hr. Bridgman Street, Bolton. 

ECKERSLEY, WILLIAM, A.M. Varna Street Council School, Openshaw, 
Manchester. 

EDGE, VERNON, Lansdown Villa, Sheffield Road, Godley, Hyde. 

EDWARD, NELLIE, 237 Hodge Lane, Seedley, Manchester. 

EDWARDS, GWENDOLEN, B.A., 1904; A.M. at Dr. Williams' High School, 
Dolgelly; A.M. at Cheetham Higher Grade School, 1904-5. 

EDWARDS, JOSEPH, 1 Chatham Street, Wigan. 

EDWARDS, Sarah, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1908; Park Cottage, Denbigh, N. 
Wales; A.M. Higher Grade School, P.T.C., Colwyn Bay, 1906-7. 

ELFENBAUM, ARTHUR, 19 Bell Street, Hightowra, Manchetser. 

ELLIOTT, ETHEL MARY LINDNER, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1903; 
M.A., 1906; A.M. Bridlington High School for Girls, 1905; Man- 
chester High School for Girls, 1903-5; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

ELLIOTT, MABEL ALICE, B.A., 3rd class Hons. History, 1900 ; M. A., 1903; 
A.M. Leigh Grammar School, 1901-3; Teachers' Diploma, 1901. 

ELLIS, OLIVER C. DE C. ; A.M. Fielden Dem. School, Manchester. 

ELLSCHER, MAX H., B.A., 2nd class Classical Tripos, Cambridge; A.M. 
Kendal Grammar School; Teachers' Diploma, 1908 

ELSTOB, WILFRITH, B.A., 1909 ; Capethorne Vicarage, Chelford, Cheshire ; 
Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 



96 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

EMERSON, GLADYS N., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1910; Norcot, 

Church Lane, Whitefield. 
EMMETT, MARY, 5 Park Street, Haslingden. 
EMMOTT, ROBERT, B.Sc., 1909, 22 Sackville Street, Brierfield. 
ENTWISLE, ADELINE MAUD, B.Sc., 1907; Mathematical Tutor Day 

Training Department, University College, Bristol. 

EPSTEIN, SPRINZIE, A.M. Derby Street School, Cheetham, Manchester. 
ETCHELLS, CLARA J., 25 Guy Wood Road, Romiley. 
ETCHELLS, ROSE, Holmfield, Bradley Lane, Huddersfield. 
EVA, WILFRID H., 2a Cestrian Street, Bolton. 
EVANS, GWLADYS, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1906; M.A., 1907; 

A.M. Manchester High School for Girls ; A.M. in Fielden Schools, 

1907-8; Diploma, 1907. 
EWING, WILLIAM, A.M. Abbott Street Council School, Manchester. 

FAIRBOURN, WM. W., B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Cheetham Central School, 

Manchester. 
FAIRBROTHER, FRED, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1908; A.M. 

Upholland Grammar School, Orrell, Wigan. 
FAIRBROTHER, Mrs. ; see Dowler, Helen. 
FAIRBROTHER, WILLIAM SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Grammar School, 

Hindley, Wigan; Lane. C.C. Senior Sc. Exhib. 
FAIRCLOUGH, JOHN, B.Sc., 1910; 100, Derby Street, Bolton. 
FAIRHURST, RHODA, B.A., 1909; A.M. The High School for Girls, 

Berwick-on-Tweed ; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class, 1910. 
FAIRHURST, SUSIE SUTHERLAND, The Poplars, Norman's Place, Altrin- 

cham. 

FALLAW, Mrs. LANCE; see Chorlton, Nellie. 
FALLOWFIELD, JOHN E., Hd.M. New Council School, St. Annes-on-the- 

Sea. 
FARADAY, LUCY WININFRED, B.A., 1st class Hons. English, 1897 ; M.A., 

1900; A.M. Howell's School, Llandaff, since 1903; University 

Scholar, 1897; University Fellow, 1898; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 
FARMER, AMY MARGARET, B.A., 1905; Assistant Secretary, Hampstead 

Charity Organization; A.M. Leeds Education Committee. 
FARRIMOND, JOSEPH, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. P.T.'s Centre, Clay 

Cross, Chesterfield. 
FA WELL, GEORGE SCOTT, B.A., 1910; 9 Park Street, Bolton; Bishop 

Fraser Scholar, 1909; Victoria Scholar, 1910; 
FEATHERSTON, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Framlingham College, Suffolk, 

1903. 

FEE, BERNARD W., A.M. Elysian Street Council School, Manchester. 
FIELDEN, JOHN R., B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Stubbings School, Hebden Bridge; 

'William Simpson's' Entrance Exhibition. 
FIELDEN, SARAH H., 176 Waterloo Road, South Shore, Blackpool. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 97 

FIELDING, MABEI^, B.A., 1909; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 
Oldham. 

FIELDING, WM. RD., B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. 

Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1905. 
FINCH, MARY, 346 Leigh Road, Hindley Green, Wigan. 

FIRTH, EDNA, B.A., 1910; A.M. N. Grecian Street Council School, 
Lower Broughton, Salford. 

FIRTH, JAS. E., Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Globe Lane Ch. School, Dukinfield. 

FIRTH, MARGARET ANN,, (now Mrs. Herbert Gates), B.A., 1896; Clare- 
moat, Halifax, Yorks; A.M. Hebden Bridge P.T. Centre, 1898-1900. 
FISQUE, A. W., deceased. 

FLETCHER, ANNIE CAROLINE, (now Mrs. J. E. Whittaker), B.A., 1901; 

Rush Bank, Middleton Road, Oldham; A.M. Chadderton P.T. 
.Centre. 

FLETCHER, DAVID, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Central Secondary School, Bolton. 
FLETCHER, HARRIET MARY, B.A., 1902; A.M. Whalley Range Municipal 

High School, Manchester. 

FLETCHER, RUTH M., Corrie, Northwich, Cheshire. 
FLOWER, Mrs. WM. ; see Webster, Mary Elizabeth. 
FOLKARD, MURIEL, B.A., 1904; A.M. at Wigan Girls' High School; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 

FORD, ETHEL, B.A., 1909; 108 Birch Street, W. Gorton 
FOSTER, EMILY, B.A., 1908; Oakleigh, Moseley Road, Crumpsall. 
FOSTER, WM. LEWIS, Inter. BSc., 1906; A.M. Lancastrian C. School, 

Manchester. 
FOTHERGILL, ALBERT S. CYRIL, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Munic. Sec. School, 

Littleborough ; Senior Science Master, Sir William Laxton's 

Grammar School, Oundle, Northants, 1906-8. 

FOTHERGILL, GEORGE HAROLD, B.Sc., 1910; 82 Mitchell Street, Rochdale. 
Fox, ADA WINIFRED, The Hawthorns, Fenton Manor, Stoke-on-Trent. 
Fox, ETHEL A., A.M. Manor Infant School, Stoke-on-Trent. 
Fox, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Waterloo Road School, Manchester. 
FRAINE, Mrs. ; see McHowat, Annie. 

FRASER, KATE, 2 All Saints Road, Heaton Norris, Stockport. 
FREEMAN, PETER, B.Sc., 1910; 127 Wigan Road, Westhoughton. 
FROW, FLORENCE (now Henstock, Mrs.). 

FULLEN, HARRY, B.A., 1893; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Oldham. 
FULTON, R. B. } Inter. B.A., 1904; Chapel Place, Trowse, Norwich. 
FURLONG, WILLIAM CLARKE, 78 Hall's Crescent, Collyhurst. 

GARDNER, VINCENT, De Trafford, Ince, Wigan. 

GARLICK, WINIFRED, B.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Knot- 
tingley, Yorks. 



98 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

GARNETT, JAMES HOLDEN, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; 

M.Sc., 1908; A.M. County School, Pembroke Dock, South Wales; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

GATLEY, AMY, B.A., 1909; Milton Cottage, John Street, Sale. 
GATLEY, ANDREW OSWALD, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; 8 Ra/e Street, 

Stockport; Cobden Club Prize. 
GEORGE, RALPH L., 19 Heywood Street, Bury. 

GERRARD, HENRY, B.A., 1908; A.M. Salford Technical School; Lan- 
cashire C.C. Scholar, 1906. 
GIBBS, GEORGE REGINALD, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. The Grammar School, 

Penrith. 

GIBBS, WILLIAM HENRY, 157 Uttoxeter Road, Longton, Staffs. 
GIBSON, ROBERT E., 21 Ardwick Green, N., Manchester. 
GIFFORD, PHILIP H., 63 Gibraltar Street, Bolton. 
GILLIAT, FRED, 25 Cunliffe Street, Stockport. 
GILLMAN, PERCY, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Nelson Street School, Miles 

Platting, Manchester, 1906. 

GLEDHILL, WALTER, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Spring Vale School, Penistone. 
GODSON, KATHERTNE H., M.A. (Dublin), 3rd class Nat. Science Tripos, 

Cambridge (Girton), 1902; Cheadle House. Cheadle, near Man- 
chester; Teachers' Diploma. 1903. 
GOLDSTRAW, EDITH ALICE, B.A., 1906; A.M. St. Chrysostom's Girls' 

School, Manchester. 
GOOCH, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc.,. 1906; A.M. St. Margaret's Higher 

Grade School, Princess Road, Liverpool, 1904. 

GOODISON, WINIFRED M., 167 Didsbury Road, Heaton Norris, Stockport. 
GORDON, ALICE, Leyburn, 28 Brook Road, Fallowfield. 
GORDON, BEATRICE, 62 Hampden Street, Bolton. 
GORDON, DAISY H., 7 Banks Lane, Stockport. 
GORST, ISABEL GRANT, B.A., 1899; A.M. Bolton Municipal Secondary 

School; Teachers' Diploma, 1901. 
GOUDIE, GRACE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Cross Lane, Marple; Cheshire 

C.C. Scholar, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
GOUGH, SARAH, 183 Firs Lane, Leeds. 
GOULDEN, ARTHUR F., 159 Sussex Road, Southport. 
GOWAN, EDITH MARY, B.A., 1903; Mistress of Method, Training College, 

Fishponds, Bristol; Diploma for Teaching (London), 1905. 
GRAHAM, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; The Lodge, Middleton. 
GRAHAM, JAMES L., A.M. Gaskell Street Council School, Bolton. 
GRAHAM, JOSEPH WM., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1905; M.A., 1906; 

A.M. Alfred Street Council School, Manchester. 
GRANT, CONSTANCE N., 21 Chapel Street, Hyde. 
GREEN, AMY FAITH, B.A., 2nd class Modern Languages, 1908; M.A., 

1909; 48 Cecil Street, Greenheys. 
GREEN, Mrs. ; see Swithenbank, Dora. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 99 

GREEN, ELLEN, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Wigan Girls' High 

School, 1908; Teachers' Diploma (London), 1905. 
GREEN, EVELINE, 351 Wigan Road, Brynn, Wigan. 
GREEN, HAROLD, B.A. 3rd Classical Tripos (Camb.); A.M. Manchester 

Grammar School ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
GREEN, MURIEL M., A.M. Alma Park School, Levenshulme. 
GREEN, Mrs. J. A. ; see Johnston, Adeliza. 
GREENHALGH, JAS. ARTHUR, B.A., 1910; 14 Heslington Street, Moss 

Side, Manchester. 

GREENHALGH, MARION, 31 Castleden Road, Harlesden. 
GREENHALGH, NATHANIEL, B.Sc., 1909; 476 Bolton Road, Radcliffe. 
GREENWOOD, WILLIAM,, Hd.M. Tibberton British School, near Gloucester. 
GREGORY, WILLIAM M., 73 Coupland Street, Manchester. 
GREGSON, HARRY, A.M. Brownlow Fold Council School, Bolton. 
GRIERSON, AGNES, 142 Waterloo Road, Cheetham, Manchester. 
GRIFFITHS, BERTHA MAY, Llangathan House, Wyndham Street, Ton 

Pentre, Ystrad, S. Wales. 
GRIFFITHS, HENRIETTA C. 

GRIFFITHS, MABEL G., School House, Wrenbury, Nantwich. 
GRIME, JESSIE, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Whit- 
worth Street, Manchester. 

GRIME, MABEL, 18 Hartington Road, Chorlton-cum- Hardy, Manchester. 
GRIMSHAW, HAROLD S., 272 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
GRINDROD, WALTON, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Secondary School, Chorley; 

P.T.C. Exhibitioner. 
GRUXDY, FRED R., B.Sc., 1894; F.C.S. ; Hd.M. Secondary School, 

Douglas, Isle of Man. 
GUEST, EDWARD DANBY, B.A., 1st class (Oxford) ; Bucks House, Leigh, 

Lancashire; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 

GUEST, GEORGB, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Secondary School, Haslingden. 
GUEST, PETER H., 'Dunecht/ Orrell Road, Wigan. 

HADFIELD, BENJAMIN, B.A., 1898; M.A., 1902; A.M. Birley Street 
Central School, Manchester, 1903; Early English Text Society's 
Prize. 

HADFIELD, ELIZABETH, 127 Cambridge Street, Athertcoi. 

HADFIELD, FRANCES ELLA, 68 Gilnow Road, Bolton. 

HAGUE, FLORENCE M., A.M. Smith Street Council School, Oldham. 

HAGUE, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1902; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Man- 
chester, 1904. 

HAGUE, JOHN CECIL, B.A., 1896; B.A., 1st class Hons. Philosophy, 1897; 
Normal Master, L.C.C. Training College, Southampton Row, 
London ; Lector in English, Prague University, 1900-1904 ; Gilchrist 
Travelling Scholar, 1898. 

HAIGH, ALICE, B.A., 1910; 31 Werneth Hall Road, Oldham. 



ioo REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

HAIGH, HELEN, 31 Werneth Hall Road, Oldham. 

HALII, ANNIE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 14 Park Row, Eagley Bank, 

Bolton. 

HALL, GEORGE F., 30 Hare Street, Rochdale. 
HALL, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1900; M.A., 1903; Hd.M. Girls' School, 

Loughton, Essex, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
HALL, MARY JANE TUTON, B.A., 1908; 52 Church Street, Silverdale, 

Staffs. 

HALL, RUTH, 14 Park Row, Eagley Bank, Bolton. 

HALL, SYDNEY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. The Grammar School, March, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 
HALL, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Technical School, Leicester; Science 

Master, Pupil Teachers' Centre, Bolton, 1903; F.C.S. 
HALLAS, ELIZABETH, B.A., 1909; A.M. Lily Lane Council School, Moston, 

Manchester. 
HALLSWORTH, HARRY MAINWARING, B.Sc., 1906; M.A., 1909; Lecturer 

in Economics in Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Senior 

Science Master, P.T. Centre, Sheffield, 1907; Cambridge Teachers' 

Certificate, 1904; L.C.P., 1904; Jevons Student in Economics. 
HALLWORTH, A., Inter. B.Sc. ; 181 Hyde Road, Denton, Manchester. 
HALSTEAD, ANNIE, B.A., 1910 ; Hunt Royd, Greenmount, near Bury. 
HARDLEY, EDITH M., 3 Queen's Road, Hartshill, Stoke-on-Trent. 
HAMILTON, ELIZABETH, 589 Chester Road, Old Trafford. 
HAMNETT, FREDERICK GEORGE, B.Sc., 1900; Science Teacher, Roman 

Catholic Secondary School, Salford. 
HAMPSON, ANNIE FARNWORTH, B.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Bolton. 

HANCOCK, MABEL M., 1 Lister Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
HANNA, EVA, 18 Brook Road, Fallowfield, Manchester. 
HANNA, NORAH, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. 

Secondary School, Harrogate; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
HARCOTJRT, FREDERICK, B.Sc., 1908; 18 Byrom Street, Patricroft, 

Manchester. 
HARDIE, VIOLET HELEN, B.Sc., 1909; Engledene, Green Lane, Bolton; 

Withers' Prize, 1909; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class (with Distinc- 
tion), 1909. 

HARDMAN, MAY, 39 Power Street, Heywood. 
HARGREAVE, NELLIE, Hd.M. Infants' Department, St. Mary's Schools, 

Reddish, Stockport. 
HARGREAVES, EGERTON, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1904; M.Sc., 

1907; Chemistry Master, Technical School, Stockport, 1907; D.T.C. 

Exhibition; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner; F.C.S. 
HARGREAVES, LOUISA JANE, B.Sc., 1900; Graduate Student, University 

of Manchester, 1910; Senior Mistress, Municipal Secondary School 

and P.T. Centre, Accrington, 1900-1910. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 101 

HARRISON, ALBERT SEDDON, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Halesowen Grammar 

School, Worcester. 

HARRISON, ELIZA ALICE, B.A., 1910 ; 50 Belmont Terrace, Nelsoa 
HARRISON, FRANK A., 41 Union Street, Tyldesley. 
HARROP, DOROTHY (now Norris, Mrs.), B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 

1909; 16 Roseneath Road, Clapham Common, London, S.W. 
HART, JOHN W., 9 Wentworth Terrace, Pellon Lane, Halifax. 
HART, ROBT. CECIL HOWARD, B.A., 1909; A.M. Secondary School, 

Stowmarket, Suffolk. 
HARTT, RICHARD, B.A., 1893 ; A.M. Municipal School Secondary School, 

Manchester, 1904; Hd.M. Hyde P.T. Centre, 1899-1903. 
HARTT, Mrs. RICHARD, Sunnyside, Beechwood Avenue, Romiley ; see 

Hodges, Elizabeth. 
HARVEY, AMY CECILIA, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1910; 10 St. John's Road, 

Heaton Mersey; A.M. Bury Grammar School for Girls, 1910; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 
HAWCRIDGE, MARION, B.A., 3rd class Hons. English, 1904; M.A., 1906; 

A.M. Stockport High School, since 1905 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
HAWKED JOHN HENRY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. Birley Street 

Higher Elementary School, Beswick. 

HAWORTH, PETER, 1 Stockton Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy. 
HAYHURST, FLORENCE (now Mrs. H. J. Rossingtori), Markinch, Cadogan 

Park, Belfast; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 

HAYHURST, WALTER, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Pannal Ash College, Harrogate. 
HAYNES, JAMES HERBERT, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Fairfield Secondary School, 

Bristol, 1904; F.C.S. 

HAYTHORNTHWAITEI, WM., Bank Villa, Cherry Tree, near Blackburn. 
HEAL, LYNDHURST WILLIAM, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; Second Master, 

Trowbridge Secondary School, Wilts., and Victoria Technical 

Institute; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner. 
HEALD, JOHN FORSTER, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central School, 

Manchester, and Lecturer, Manchester Technical School, 1904. 
HEAP, FLORENCE ANNETTE, B.A., 1904; 3 Thursley Park, Burnley. 
HEAP, NELLIE, 30 Derby Street, Moss Side, Manchester. 
HEATH, EMILY CHARLOTTE, B.Sc., 1902; A.M. Hackney P.T. Centre, 

1904; A.M. Hugh Myddleton Higher Grade School, London, 1902-^. 
HEGINBOTHAM, MARION DOROTHEA, 77 Joel Lane, Gee Cross, Hyde. 
HELM, JOHN H., Park Grove, Levenshulme. 
HELLIWELL, HAMLET, B.Sc., 1905; A. Science M. Secondary School, 

Hebden Bridge. 
HEMSLEY, GODFREY H., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Hilton College, Steep Hill, 

Lincoln. 
HENSHAW, ESTHER GERTRUDE (now Mrs. Dawson), 74 Lansdowne Road, 

Crumpsall, Manchester. 
HENSTOCK, Mrs. ; see Frow, Florence. 



102 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

HEPPLE, C., A.M. St. Matthew's School, Edgeley, Stockport. 

HERFORD, Mrs. OLIVER ; see Regan, Margaret M. 

HESKETH, EDITH M., Final B.Sc., 32 Common Side, Ansdell, near 

Lytham. 
HESKETH, R. H., Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. Paul's School, Oswaldtwistle ; 

(T.C.D.). 
HESLAM, ALICE MARGARET, B.A., 1910; 68 Demesne Road, Alexandra 

Park, Manchester. 
HETHERINGTON, EMILY MARY, B.A., 1910; A.M. Bangor Street School, 

Hulme, Manchester. 
HEWLETT, EDITH LETTICE, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906; M.Sc., 

1908; A.M. Training College, Hilden Street, Bolton; Teachers' 

Diploma (London), 1904. 

HEY, FRANCES S., Glen Dale, Lodge Lane, Newton, Hyde. 
HEYHURST, ANNIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Mathematics, 1901; M.Sc., 

1904 ; Holmfield, Parkfield Road, New Moston ; Formerly Temporary 

Teaching under Cheshire, and subsequently under Portsmouth 

Education Committee; Derby Prize, 1901; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
HICKLING, H. GEORGE A., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Geology, 1905; M.Sc., 

1909; D.Sc., 1910; Lecturer in Geology, The University, Manchester, 

1906; Graduate Scholar, 1905. 

HIGGINS, GERTRUDE T., 25 Hyde Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
HIGGINS, LEONARD T., 25 Hyde Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
HICHAM^ JOSEPH, 45 Chapel Street, Hyde. 
HIGSON, EVELYN, 7 Sunnier Road, Pendleton. 
HILES, ISA LOCKYER, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Zoology, 1897; M.Sc., 1900; 

Stanton Avenue, West Didsbury ; A.M. Manchester High School, 

1900-4; Research Scholar, 1897-99; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
HILL, CATHERINE H., Creaghan, Brunswick Rd. Douglas, I.O.M. 
HILL, HARRY, B.Sc., 1909; 563 Collyhurst Road, Harpurhey, Manchester. 
HILL, JAMES SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. City Technical Schools, Oxford. 
HILTON, NELLIE, B.A., 1906; B.A., 2nd class Hons. Philosophy, 1907; 

M.A., 1908; Lecturer, The Training College, Hilden Street, Bolton; 

Lecturer in Education and History at Warrington Training College. 
HINCHCLIFFE, GEORGE HERBERT, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Sharpe's Institution, 

Perth, N.B. 

HINDLE, RICHARD, 31 Lister Street, Accrington. 
HINDLEY, JOHN PEAR, B.Sc., 1900; M.Sc., 1905; A.M. Municipal 

Secondary School, Whitworth Street, Manchester; Lecturer in 

Mathematics, Royal Technical Institute, Salford, 1906. 
HINDSHAW, FLORENCE PYE, B.A., 1902; A.M. The Grammar School, 

Leigh, Lancashire. 
HINDSHAW, WINIFRED, B.A., 1897; M.A., 1909; Mistress of Method, 

The Training College, Swansea, 1903 ; Examination in Pedagogy 

(London Univ.) with distinction in written papers, 1909. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 103 

KITCHENS, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1905; Hd.M. Arthog School, Congleton: 

Cheshire C.C. Exhibitioner. 

HITCHIN, ROBT. P., A.M. Higher Elementary School, Chatham. 
HITCHINGS, FLORENCE?, Victoria House, Northwood, Hanley. 
HOARE, FLORENCE A., B.A., 1909; Colney House, Accrington. 
HODGES, ELIZABETH (now Mrs. Richard Hartt), B.Sc., 1895; Hd.M. 

Municipal Technical School, Accrington, 1895-1900. 
HODGKINSON, GLADYS, Moss House, Westhoughton, Bolton. 
HODGSON, THOS. E., Inter. B.Sc. ; Police Station, Warrington Road, 

Ashton-in-Makerfield. 

HODSON, EUNICE, 147 Mayor Street, Bolton. 
HODSON, HENRY, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Chester Street Municipal School, 

Manchester. 
HOLDEN, CHARLES, B.Sc., 1903; Form Master, Municipal Secondary 

School, Bolton. 
HOLDEN, EDMUND HOWARTH, B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary 

School, Workington. 
HOLDEN, HENRY SMITH, B.Sc., 1909; Beeston Street, Harpurhey, 

Manchester. 

HOLGATE, PERCY H., 7 Liverpool Road, Hindley, Wigan. 
HOLLAND, ROBT. W., B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1904; LL.B., Hons., 1905; 

M.A., 1909; Barrister-at-Law ; Hd.M. St. Margaret's Junior Boys' 

School, Whalley Range, 1905; Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1898; 

Dauntesey Legal Scholarship ; Wm. Sumner Scholarship. 
ROLLINGS, EVANGELINE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1910; A.M. Mexborough 

Secondary School, since 1905 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
HOLLTNGSWORTH, WM., B.A., 1895; 67 and 71 Russell Square, London, 

W.C. ; Secretary N.U.T. Examination Board; A.M. Municipal 

Pupil Teachers' College, Manchester, 1899-1906. 
HOLME URSULA (now Jeans, Mrs. H. W.), B.A., 2nd class Hons. 

English; M.A., 1899; 95 Kenilworth Road, Putney, London, S.W. ; 

A.M. Day Training Department, Mason College, Birmingham, 1897- 

1900; Teachers' Diploma (Eng. Lit.), 1897. 
HOLMES, FRANK WM., B.Sc., 1899, 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1900; 

M.Sc., 1902; A.M. Mulberry Street School, Manchester. 
HOLMES, HELENA AMY, Hightown, Manchester. 

HOLMES, JOHN E., A.M. St. Bride's School, Old Trafford, Manchester. 
HOLMES, MARGARET JANE, B.A., 1906; A.M. County Secondary School, 

since 1907 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 

HOLMES, WILFRED, 4 Alma Street, Collyhurst Road, Manchester. 
HOLT, ELLEN, Moat House, Ince, Wigan. 
HOLT, FRANCIS K., B.A., 1908; A.M. H. E. School, Sheerness. 
HOLT, TOM, 75 Wood Street, Elton, Bury. 
HOOPER, ELSIE M., 88 Belgrave Road, Oldham. 
HOPE, HARRY, 132 Tottington Road, Bury. 



104 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

HOPKINS, ELLEN, A.M. Secondary School, Castleford, Yorks. , LL.A. 

(St. Andrews). 

HOPKINS, ETHEL, B.A., 1897; Senior Mistress, Secondary School, Castle- 
ford, Yorks. ; Lecturer in English, Havergal College, Toronto, 

Canada, 1905-7. 
HORNBY, THOS. BALDWIN, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Municipal School, Bolton, 

1902. 
HORROCKS, ADELAIDE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Modern Language, 1907; 

M.A., 19u8; A.M. Leigh Grammar School, Lanes.; Graduate 

Scholarship, 1907-8; Anglo-French Association Prize, 1907; 

Diploma (1st) 1908, 
HORSFALL, DOROTHY (now Mrs. Edmund B. Skinner), 1st class Hons. 

History, Oxford; The West County, Najang, Selangor, Federated 

Malay States; Assistant Lecture in Department of Education, 

Manchester University, 1906; Teachers' Diploma (with distinction), 

1905. 
HORSFALL, MARY GRACE, Queen Margaret Hall, Glasgow, W. ; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1906; B.Sc. (London). 
HORSLEY, HELEN T., 46 Sutherland Road, Derby. 
HOUGHTON, AGNES, 48 Parkfield Street, Moss Side, Manchester. 
HOUGHTON, AMY, B.A., 1904; English Teacher in the Day Secondary 

School and Day Trade School of Woolwich Polytechnic, 1905; 

Middlesex C.C. Scholarship, 1901. 
HOUGHTON, CLARA, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; Diploma 

Student, University of Manchester, 1910. 
HOUGHTON, ELIZABETH ANNIE (now Mrs. Richard Ward), B.A., 1898; 

19 Norfolk Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham; A.M. Ardwick Science 

School, Manchester, 1898-1905. 
HOVELL, MARK, B.A., 1st class Hons. History, 1909; M. A. 1910 ; Assistant 

Lecturer in History, Manchester University ; Hulme Entrance 

Scholarship, 1906 ; Bradford Scholarship ; Graduate Scholarship, 

1909; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 

HOWARD, GEORGE, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Technical School, Stalybridge. 
HOWARD, KENNEDY, Inter. B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Embden Street Council 

School, Manchester. 
HOWARTH, AILEEN, B.A., 1904; A.M. Monmouth Street Council Schools, 

Rusholme, Manchester. 

HOWARTH, GLADYS, Oakleigh, Ribbleton, Preston. 
HOWARTH, J., 4 Broomfield Place, Witton, Blackburn. 
HOWARTH, WALTER, B.A., 1908; A.M. County School, Redruth, Cornwall. 
HOWARTH, WILIS 0., Rough Hill, Birtle, Bury. 
HOWDEN, SAML. PERCY, B.Sc., 1897; Teacher of Physics, Ardwick 

Central School, Manchester, 1897. 
HOWE, ETHEL, Caldar Hill, Rochdale. 
HOWELLS, ETHEL N., B.A., 1910 ; 235 Abbey Road, Barrow-in-Furness. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 105 

HdwELLs, MARGARET H., Inter. B.A., 235 Abbey Eoad, Barrow-in- 

Furness. 
HOYLE, ARTHUR ERNEST, B.A., 1903; A.M. Secondary School and P.T. 

Centre, Warrington. 
HOYLE, ARTHUR WM., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. George the Martyr School, 

Bolton. 
HOYLE, DAVID, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics, 1906; A.M. Navigation 

Eoad Council School and Technical Institute, Altrincham, 1906. 
HOYLE, WILLIAM FRANK, B. A., 1906 ; 7 Whalley Grove, Whalley Range, 

Manchester; Theodores Modern Language Exhibitioner, 1901. 
HUDKINSON, MARY. 
HUDSON, JAMES KINDLE, B.A., 1903 ; M.A., 1906 ; A.M. Royal Technical 

Institute, Salford ; Cobden Prize, 1904 ; Cobden Club Prize, 1905. 
HUGHES, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Flowery Field Council School, 

Hyde. 
HUGHES, MARIANNE MATILDA, B.A., 1900; Hd.M. P.T. Centre, Newport, 

Monmouthshire, 1905. 
HUGHES, WM. ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Diocesan Training College, 

Exeter. 
HUNSWORTH, HERBERT, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1907; A.M. Municipal 

Secondary School, Rochdale. 
HURST, WILLIAM THOMAS, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; A.M. Marling 

Endowed School, Stroud, Gloucester; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
HUTTON, ELLEN MARY, B.A., 1901; A.M. Fair-field Girls' School, Man- 
chester, since 1901 ; Teachers' Diploma (with distinction), 1905. 
HUXTABLE, LOUISA, " Ardlin," Murray Street, Higher Broughton, 

Manchester. 

HYNES, JAMES E., 26 Peel Street, Eccles. 
HYSLOP, MARGARET, "Ryelia," Alma Park, Levenshulme, Manchester. 



INGHAM, AMY, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1907; A.M. Beechfield School, 

Wilmslow, since 1906. 
INGHAM, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; Lecturer in Mathematics, 

Municipal Secondary School, Bury, 1906; F.C.S. 
INGHAM, SARAH, B.A., 1905; A.M. Blackpool School and P.T. Centre, 

1906. 

INGHAM, WALTER, A.M. Royston National School, Yorkshire. 
INGHAM, WILLIAM, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Whitefield Council School, Nelson. 
IRELAND, CLEMENT ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1905; M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Halton 

Bank Council School, Salford. 
ISAAC, EDITH M., 72 Bewsey Road, Warrington. 
ISGROVE, ANNIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Zoology, 1907; M.Sc., 1908; 

Isgaer, Church Street, Carnarvon; Platt Biological Exhibitioner, 

1907; Research Studentship, 1907-8. 

H 



106 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

ISHERWOOD, JAS. GRIMED B.Sc., 2nd class Hans. Mathematics, 1903; 
B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1904; Lecturer, Municipal Training 
College, Princess Street, Manchester; Dalton Entrance Exhibitioner, 
1900; Hulme Hall Scholarship; Derby Scholarship; University 
Scholarship, 1904. 



JACKSON, DORA, Woodville, Wardleworth, Rochdale. 

JACKSON, ERNEST, B.A., 1910; 31 Todmorden Road, Bacup. 

JACKSON, HAROLD, 29 Laurel Street, Rochdale; Gaskell Entrance 

Scholarship, 1910. 
JACKSON, ISAAC, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Mod. Languages, 1909; M.A., 

1910; A.M. Grammar School, Stand, near Manchester. 
JACKSON, JOHN, B.A., 1910; Birch Cottage, York Street, Whitefield, near 

Manchester. 
JACKSON, MARY, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Secondary School, Chorley, 1907. 

Bank Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester; A.M. P.T. Centre, 

Bury, 1899. 
JACKSON, MARY MATILDA (now Brammall, Mrs.), B.A., 1899; 2 Moss 

Bank Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester. 
JACKSON, NORA, Orchard Cottage, Knutsford. 

JACKSON, ROBERT, A.M. Ross Place Municipal School, Ardwick, Man- 
chester. 
JACKSON, WINIFRED, B.A., 1907 ; A.M. Manley Park School, Manchester, 

1907. 

JAMES, GRACE, 23 Mesnes Street, Wigan. 
JEANS, Mrs. H. W. ; see Holme, Ursula. 
JEFFERSON, ROBT. ERNEST, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1909; A.M. Springfield 

Council School, Sale, Cheshire. 
JENKINS, RUTH HOPE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. City and County 

School for Girls, Chester. 

JOHNSON, ALICE, 7 Hall Street, Dalton-in-Furness. 
JOHNSON, EDITH A., 5 Larchwood Avenue, Moston, Manchester. 
JOHNSON, EDITH DRINKWATER, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; 4 Station Road, 

Levenshulme, Manchester. 
JOHNSON, N. MILLER, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Viewforth Public School, 

Sinclairtown, Fife, N.B. 
JOHNSON, WM. P., 84 Park Road, Wigan. 

JOHNSTON, ADELIZA N. (now Mrs. J. A. Green), B.A., 1898; M.A., 1901; 
389 Glossop Road, Sheffield; Assistant Lecturer in Education, 

Birmingham University, 1900-01, and University College of North 

Wales, Bangor, 1901-06; Teachers' Diploma, 1900. 
JOHNSTON, JEMIMA, A.M. New Road Council School, Earby, Colne. 
JOLLIE, KATHERINE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Municipal High 
School, Tynemouth; Diploma, 1910. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 107 

JONES, ALICE MAUD (now Mrs. W. B. Allcock), B.A., 1905 ; Sunnyside 

Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa. 

JONES, ARTHUR (1), A.M. Penygraig School, Rhondda, Glamorgan. 
JONES, ARTHUR (2), B.A., 1st class Hons. History, 1905; B.A., 1st class 
Hons. Celtic, 1907; M.A., 1906; Principal and Professor of History 
and English in Government College of Jabalpur, India ; Lecturer in 
History, University of Manchester, 1907-9; Jones History Entrance 
Scholar, 1902; Graduate Scholarship, 1905; Jones Fellowship in 
History, 1906 ; Bradford Scholarship, 1904 ; Langton Fellow, 1908. 
JONES, DOROTHY HEPBURN, B.A., 1903; A.M. St. Helens High School 
for Girls, 1908; A.M. Ladybarn House School, Manchester, 1903-8; 
Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

JONES, EDWARD, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. County School, Tredegar, Mon. 
JONES, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1902; M.Sc., 1905; Science Master, Intermediate 

School, Aberystwyth, 1904. 
JONES, EVAN, Glyra Court Road, Barry Dock. 

JONES, EVELYN GWYNNEJ, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Bolton. 
JONES, GERTRUDE HILDA, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1905; A.M. Thoresby High 

School, Leeds, 1904; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 
JONES, HENRY L., 804 Stockport Road, Longsight, Manchester. 
JONES, JOSEPH, Inter. B.A. ; 219 Ridgway Street, Bradford Road, 

Manchester. 
JONES, JOHN ROGER. 
JONES, JOHN WM., B.A., 1907; A.M. Halton Bank Council School, 

Sal ford. 

JONES, MAUD ALICE, Sunnyside Parsonage, Pretoria, South Africa. 
JONES, MYFANWY, Park House, Harpurhey, Manchester. 
JONES, NORAH K., A.M. Woodchurch School, Oxton, Birkenhead. 
JONES, PERCY, Tennyson Cottage, Kidsgrove, Stoke-on-Trent. 
JONES, ROBERT E., B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; Senior English Master, 

Stockport Municipal Secondary School, 1906. 
JONES, WILLIAM C., 32 Abingdon Street, Blackpool. 
JOWETT, Mrs. ; see Lord, Lilias A. 

JUDSON, Mrs. J. A., 234 Frederick Street, Oldham; see Lee, Rose E. 
KAIN, ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1902; deceased. 

KANDEL, ISAAC LEON, B.A., 1st class Hons. Classics ; M.A., 1906 ; 
Assistant Editor, Monroe's Cyclopaedia of Education, New York ; 
A.M. Royal Academical Institution, Belfast, 1906-08; Oliver 
Heywood Scholarship, 1899; Victoria Scholarship, 1901; Teachers' 
Diploma, 1906; Ph.D. (Columbia Univ.), 1910. 
KARFOOT, BERTHA, B.A., 1910; A.M. Grammar School, Knaresborough, 

Yorks. 

KAY, HANNAH, 17 Bark Street, Bolton. 
KAY, HELEN E. B., 225 Conway Street, Birkenhead. 
KAY, JOHN B., B.Sc., 1910; 44 Lee Lane, Horwich, S.O., Bolton. 



io8 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

KAY, WILLIAM E., 4 Barnsley Street, Park Road, Wigan. 

KELLET, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1893; Hd.M. Tootall Road Council School, 
Salford. 

KELLETT, Mrs. ; see Laidler, Josephine. 

KELLY, CLARA JULIA, B.A., 1899; A.M. Maryborough Road Council 
School, Higher Broughton, 1899. 

KELLY, THOMAS J., 10 Willows Lane, Bolton. 

KELSALL, ETHEL, B.A., 1900; Crawford House, Ashton-under-Lyne. 

KEMP, PAUL, B.Sc., 1899; A.M. Chalfont Street Council School, Bolton. 

KENYON, ALICE, B.A., 1907; A.M. St. Margaret's H.E. School, Whalley 
Range, Manchester. 

KENYON, JAMES, 8 Suthers Street, Radcliffe. 

KERSHAW, EDITH MAY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; Lecturer and Demon- 
strator in Botany, The University, Manchester; Research Student- 
ship, 1907-8, Manchester; Graduate Scholarship (Botany), 1907. 

KERSHAW, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Weil-field School, Taunton, 1907. 

KERSHAW, HENRIETTA, A.M. Vale House School, Cornholme, near 
Todmorden. 

KBYTE, EMILY, B.A., 1906; A.M. Convent High School, Bury, Lanes., 
1907. 

KBYTE, MARGARET, A.M. Dr. Williams' School (Secondary), Dolgelly, 
N. Wales. 

KING, CONSTANCE L., 18 Livingstone Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 

KIPPAX, JAMES, 78 Oval Clough Lane, Burnley. 

KIRK, FRANCES MAY, B.A., 1902; Hd.M. Sleaford High School, Lincoln- 
shire; Principal, P.T. Centre and Preparatory Classes, Altrincham, 
Cheshire, 1905. 

KIRKMAN, JAMES, 62 Green Street, Radcliffe. 

KNIGHT, ETHEL T., Sexey's School, Bruton, Somerset. 

KNOTT, CYRIL WAKEFIELD, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Engineering; M.Sc., 
1907; Missionary Teacher at Griffiths John's College, Hankow, 
China; Teachers' Diploma, L, 1908. 

LAIDLER, JOSEPHINE (now Mrs. E. E. Kellett), B.A., 1st class Hons. 

English Literature, 1900; M.A., 1903; 4 Belvoir Terrace, Cambridge ; 

Lecturer in English, Goldsmiths' College (Univ. of London), 1905-7 ; 

Hulme Entrance Scholarship, 1897; University Scholarship, 1900; 

Shakespeare Scholarship, 1899; John Bright Fellowship, 1901; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

LAMB, MARY D., 105 Macclesfield Street, Burslem, Staffs. 
LANTSBERRY, GEORGE E. H., School House, Holland Street, Miles 

Platting, Manchester. 
LERARD, BENJAMIN ERNEST, Inter. B.Sc. ; Scots College, Rose Bay, 

Sydney, N.S.W. 
LAW, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. County School, Gravesend. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 109 

LAW, MARION, B.A., 1907; A.M. Johnston Schools, Durham, 1907. 
LAWRENCE, ERIC HAROLD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History; M.A., 1903; 

College School, Maritzburg, Natal ; Bury Grammar School, 1900-4 ; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
LAWSON, HENRY HEATON, Secondary School, Woodhouse, Yorks, West 

Biding. 
LAWTON, Mrs., see Laycock, Helena. 

LAWTON, WILLIAM, deceased. 

LAYCOCK, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1907; 134 Heywood Street, Castleton, 

Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 

LAYCOCK, HELENA (now Mrs. Lawton), 6 Bristol Avenue, Levenshulme. 
LAYCOCK, HENRIETTA, Wellihole, Greenfield, nr. Oldham. 
LAYLAND, ANNE HELEN, B.A., 1908; A.M. Abram, Bryn Gates Council 

School, Bam furlong, Wigan. 

LEA, BARBARA B., 41 Park Road South, Birkenhead. 
LEA, THOMAS HENRY, died 1894. 
LEACH, ELLEN, 43 Arthur Street, Rochdale. 

LEACH, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1904; 89 Wellington Street, Bradford, Man- 
chester; A.M. Maritzburg College School, Natal, South Africa. 
LEAH, ANNIE, B.Sc., 3rd class Botany, 1907; M.Sc., 1910; Penn House, 

Bank Top, Todmorden; Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 
LEAH, EDITH H., Inter. B.A., Penn House, Bank Top, Todmorden. 
LEAH, ETHEL A., A.M. Plymouth Grove Council (Infants) School, 

Manchester. 
LEE, ADA., B.Sc., 1907; The Cliffs, New Mills, Stockport; Student, Jena 

University, Germany, 1908. 

LEE, FREDERICK H., 54 Shrewsbury Road, Bolton. 
LEE, ROSE EVELYN (now Mrs. J. A. Judson), B.A., 1896; A.M. 

Sydenham High School for Girls, 1900-4 
LEES, FRANK, 104 Pett Street, Oldham. 
LEIGH, WM. BOOTH, 251 Bury Road, Tottington, nr. Bury. 
LEJETJNE, MARION, (now Mrs. Enke), Nat. Sci. Tripos, Cambridge; 

Galiano, British Columbia; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
LE MARE, MARGARET S. B., 101 Carr Road, Fleetwood. 
LIGHTFOOT, MAUD, (now Eastwood, Mrs.), The Vicarage, Cross Stone, 

Todmorden. 
LINDLEY, HENRIETTA, Woodfield, Alexandra Road South, Whalley 

Range, Manchester. 

LINDSAY, HENRY, 12 Bankfield Street, Bolton. 

LIPTROT, RICHARD, B.Sc., 1910; Ashleigh, Martland Mill Lane, Wigan. 
LISLE, MINNIE IDA, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, Secondary School, 

Kentish Town, London, 1908. 
LISTER, HENRY HAINESI, B.Sc., 1901; Assistant Inspector (L.E.A.), 

Education Office, Deansgate, Manchester. 



no REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

LITCHFIELD, AGNES MURIEL, B.A., 1909; 32 George Street, Cheetham 

Hill, Manchester. 
LLEWELLYN, BENJAMIN, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1910; A.M. Urmston Higher 

Grade School; Heidelberg College, Heidelberg, Germany. 
LLOYD, WM. THOS., 41 Leed Street, Radcliffe. 
LOBEL, Mrs. M., see Nessis, Bella. 

LOMAS, LUCY M., 41 Grafton Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
LOMAS, MARGARET. 
LONGBOTTOM, MARION RENA, B.A., 1907; A.M. Roundthorn C. School, 

Oldham, 1907. 
LOOKER, GEORGE H., B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Pentre Higher Grade School, 

Rhondda, South Wales ; Science Master, Higher Grade School, West 

Bridgeford, 1904-5. 

LOOKER, LOUISA, Hd.M. Infant School, Manchester. 
LOOSE, ALBERT N., Inter. B.Sc., A.M. The School, Prestbury, nr. 

Macclesfield. 
LORD, CICELY EVEL/INE, B.A., 1909; 37 Windsor Street, Uplands, 

Swansea. 
LORD, EMMA H., A.M. Hollingwood Council School, Hollingwood, 

Oldham. 
LORD, JOHN, B.A., 1895; Hd.M. Manley Park School, Manchester, from 

1904 ; President, Manchester Principal Teachers' Association, 1909-10. 
LORD, JOHN WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 

Manchester, and Principal of Branch Technical (evening) Schools, 

Newton Heath. 
LORD, LILIAS A. (now Mrs. Albert Jowett), B.A., 1904; 20 Wellington 

Road, Bury, Lanes. ; Ass. Teacher, P.T. Centre, Bury, Lanes., 

1904-8. 
LOVE, JESSIE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Whitworth Street, Manchester. 
LOWE, CLAUDIUS ALEXANDER, A.M. Brookfield Council School, Gorton, 

Manchester. 
LOWE, HARRY M., 221 Moss Lane East; Woodiwis Exhibitioner in 

Chemistry. 
LOWE, HERBERT J., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Warrmgton Lane Council 

School, Wigan. 

LOWE, JOHN, Highfield, Golborne. 
LOWE, SARAH HANNAH, B.Sc., 1898; Lecturer, Edge Hill Training 

College, Liverpool, 1899. 

LOWE, WILLIAM, 257 Hindlay Road, Westhoughton. 
LOWE, WM. H., 43 Torkington Street, Edgeley, Stockport. 
LUMB, LIZZIE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Shade Council School, Todmorden; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
LUNN, FLORENCE, B.A., 1910; 9 Grandsmere Place, Halifax, Yorka. 

LYTHGOE, NORMAN, 80 Bennetts Lane, Smithills, Bolton. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS in 

MACALISTER, MARGARET WRIGHT, B.A., 1st class English, 1909; M.A., 
1910; 79 Belgrave Road, Darwen; Graduate Scholar, 1909. 

MACKENZIE, DORIS S., 46 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester. 

MAGUIRE, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Poole Secondary School, Dorset; 

L.C.P. 
MAIDEN, JOSEPH P., A.M. Fielden Dem. School, Victoria Park, 

Manchester. 
MAINWARING, DOROTHY S., 83 Oxford Road, C.-on-M., Manchester. 

MALTBY, SAMUEL EDWIN, B.A., 1901; M.A., 1905; A.M. Sidcot School, 
Somerset; Ass. Lecturer and Demonstrator in Education, Manchester 
University, 1907-10; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 

MANOCK, CALLIROY, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1906; A.M. Secondary School, 
Heanor, 1908. 

MANSFIELD, MARION. 

MARK, H. THISELTON, B.Sc., 1898; Lecturer in Education, Man- 
chester University ; Shuttle-worth Scholar, 1888 ; English Essay 
English Essay Prize, Cobden, Club ; Gilchrist Travelling Student, 
1897; M.A., London, 1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1897. 

MARKSON, R., died 1899. 

MARQUIS, FRED JAMES, B.Sc., 1906; Warden, The University Settle- 
ment, Park Street, Liverpool, 1909 ; Mathematical Master, Burnley 
Grammar School, 1906-8; Organising Secretary, N.H.R.U., 1908-9. 

MARSDEN, DORA, B.A., 1903; Organiser, W.S.P.U., 1909; A.M. at P.T. 
Centre, Colchester, 1904; A.M. at P.T. Centre and Preparatory 
Classes, Altrincham, 1905-9. 

MARSDEN, HERBERT, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1909; Lecturer, 
Technical College, Huddersfield ; Lancashire C.C. Scholarship. 

MARSH, MABEL EDITH, B.A., 1907; A.M. The Grammar School, Beau- 
maris. 

MARSHALL, FREDERICK WILLIAM DYSON, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Chem- 
istry, 1905; M.Sc., 1907; B.A., Cambridge, 1910; A.M. Westminster 
City School; A.M. Fielden Demonstration School, 1906-8; Teachers' 
Diploma, 1906. 

MARSHALL, HANNAH ETHEL, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Leigh 
Grammar School, 1907 ; Leigh P.T. Centre, 1905-7. 

MARSHALL, Jos. WM., B.Sc., 1898; A.M. Leighton House School, 
Carnforth; Tutor R.C. Training College, Hull. 

MARSHALL, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1906; A.M. Broughton 
and Crumpsall High School for Girls, 1907; Scholarship for 
Training at Maria Grey College. 

MARSLAND, MARY KELSALL, B.A., 1895; M.A., 1904; Chief Mistress, 
Stockport Municipal Secondary School ; Edge Hill Training College, 
Liverpool, 1898-9 ; Ripon Training College, 1899-1902 ; Medallist in 
Examination for Certificat D'Etudes, L'Universita de Greoioble; 



ii2 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Gilchrist Travelling Student 1896-7; Walters Modern Language 

Scholarship; Samuel Robinson Prize; Teachers' Diploma, 1895. 
MARSLAND, SARAH, Lome Terrace, Marple Bridge. 
MARTIN, ARTHUR EDWARD C., B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Wesleyan Higher 

Grade School, Oxford. 

MARTIN, CHARLOTTE, Bellott Street, Cheetham, Manchester. 
MASON, HARRY H., A.M. Lower Crumpsall Council School, Manchester. 
MATHER, ERNEST, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. St. John's School, Cheetham, 

Manchester. 

MATHER, ISA H., 28 Machon Bank, Nettier Edge, Sheffield. 
MATSON, JOSEPH, died 190^. 
MATTHIAS, EMILY, B.A., 1905; Research Student in Education; A.M. 

Potteries' P.T. Centre, Hanley, 1905-10. 
MATTHIAS, EVELINE, 22 Snow Hill, Shelton, Stoke-on-Trent. 
MATTHIAS, FLORENCE, A.M. The College, Pontypool. 
MATTHIAS, SARAH, (now Mrs. H. F. Coward), B.A., 3rd class Hons. 

History, 1908; M.A., 1909; 216 Plymouth Grove, Manchester. 
McCoRMACH, LILY, Church Villa, Mellor, Marple Bridge. 
MCDONALD, ANNIE JANE, B.A., 1895 ; Assist. Teacher under Manchester 

Education Committee since 1907; Acting Principal, Bootle P.T. 

Centre, October, 1906, to January, 1907. 
McGAw, SAMUEL A., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Boulevard Municipal Secondary 

School, Hull. 

MCGREGOR, FLORA E., 87 Oakfield Street, Altrincham. 
McHowAT, ANNIE (now Mrs. W. H. Fraine), B.Sc., 1901; 141 North 

Road, Clayton, Manchester. 
MclNTYRE, CHARLES CAMPBELL, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Brookfield Council 

School, Gorton, Manchester. 
McLAiNE, HELEN MARGARET, B.A., 1908; Brabyns House, Marple; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
McLEOD, HUGH, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Frederick Road Council School, 

Salford. 

MCNAMARA, JOHN, 176 Princess Road, Moss Side, Manchester. 
MELLOR, HARRY ALLINSON, 61 James Street, Macclesfield ; Thos. U. 

Brocklehurst Scholarship. 

MELLOR, JESSIE M., Student, Education Department, Manchester. 
MELLOR, LILY, B.A., 1910; A.M. Wellington Road School, Hanley. 
MERCER, ALFRED, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; M.Sc., 1910; 

A.M. Nelson School, Wigton, Cumberland. 
MERCER, JENNY, 187 Downham Street, Blackburn; Robert C. Ratcliffe 

Scholarship. 
MERRICK, JAMES, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Holy Trinity School, Blackley, 

Manchester; L.C.P. 
MEYER, JAS. HOLFORD, B.Sc., 1910; 28 Tavistock Road, Spa Road, 

Bolton. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 113 

MIDDLEHURST, ADA E., 836 Ashton Old Rd., Hr. Openshaw, Manchester. 
MIDDLETON, FLORENCE JANE, (now Bainbridge, Mrs)., B.A., 1902; 387 

Manchester Road, Hollinwood. 
MILLAR, Mrs. JOHN, see Steele, Lily. 
MILLMAN, OLIVER JOHN, B.A., 1902; Missionary, Udayaqiri, Ganjam Dt, 

India; Baptist Mission High School, affiliated to Calcutta Univer- 
sity, Serampore, Bengal, India, 1903. 
MILLROY, F. C. E., died 1902. 
MILLS, CHARLES, deceased. 

MITCHELL, HERBERT, Cemetery House, Cheadle, Cheshire. 
MITCHELL, LILIAN, B.A., 1908; A.M. All Saints Girl's School, West 

Gorton, Manchester. 

MITCHELL, MARY, Holmeleigh, Nunington Road, Sale. 
MITCHELL, NELDIE, B.A., 1910; 107 Westbrook Street, Bolton. 
MITCHELL, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1907; deceased. 

MOLYNEUX, MAUDE M., 14 Plymouth Avenue, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
MONCUR, JANET, 491 Chesterfield Road, Old Trafford. 
MONTGOMERY, WALTER, 186 Hemsley Terrace, Clayton, Manchester. 
MOORE, ARTHUR, 'Sharon,' Greenfield, nr. Oldham. 
MOORE, FRED, 32 Wellington Street, Farnworth, nr. Bolton. 
MOORE, JAMES HERBERT, B.Sc., 1897; A.M. Technical School, Stockport, 

1897. 
MOORFIELD, BERTHA MIMA, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Secondary School, 

Oldham. 
MORAN, FLORENCE, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Cavendish Street Girls' School, 

All Saints, Manchester. 
MORAN, MARGARET ELIZABETH, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, Ducie 

Avenue Central School, Manchester. 
MORGAN, ALDWYTH KATE, B.A., 1904; A.M. Chippenham District and 

Technical School, 1907. 
MORGAN, ANNIE, B.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Portsmouth, 

1906. 

MORLEY, Mrs. ; see Catherine Brown. 
MORRIS, ALFRED, B.Sc., 1901; 1st class Chemistry, 1902; M.Sc., 1904; 

A.M. Boys' Secondary School, Ipswich, 1906. 
MORRIS, ANDREW, 154 St. George's Road, Bolton. 
MORRIS, Mrs. ; see Bagshaw, Lilian. 
MORRIS, HAROLD R., 28 Jackson Street, Gorton. 
MORRIS, LUCY, (now Mrs. Storr Best), B.A., 2nd class History Tripos, 

Cambridge; The Whitehouse, Ravenstone, Ashby de la Zouch ; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1902. 
MORRIS, TOM DUTTON, B.Sc., 1909; Bell-Baxter School, Cupar Fife, 

N.B. 

MORSS, WILLIAM L., Inter. B.Sc.; Mytton Lodge, Whalley, Lanes. 
MOSELEY, FRED., A.M. Christ Church School, Bradford, Manchester. 



ii4 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

MOSELEY, JOHN, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. St. Hilda's School, Old Trafford, 

Manchester. 
Moss, ALEXANDER, A.M. Christ Church Council School, Hulme, 

Manchester. 

Moss, EMILY A., 12 Wellington Street, Bradford, Manchester. 
MUNGALL, MARY NEILL, B.A., 1909; 51 Seedley Park Road, Pendleton, 

Manchester. 

MUNRO, JAMES McViCAR, 138 Adelaide Street, Heywood. 
MUSCOTT, ETHELREDA, B.A. ; A.M. County Secondary School, Hyde, 

Cheshire. 
MYLES, THOS. H., M.A. Rebby-with-Wrea Endowed School, Wrea 

Green. 

NAYLOR, ALICE, B.Sc., 1903; 73 Castle Street, Bolton; Science Mistress, 
Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1903-7. 

NAYLOR, ERNEST BROOKS, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1897; 
M.Sc., 1900; Hd. of Chemistry Department, Mining and Technical 
College, Wigan, 1905; Lecturer in Chemistry, Technical School, 
Wigan, 1902-5; London Matric., Hons.; F.C.S. ; A.I.C. 

NAYLOR, HANNAH, B.Sc., 1908; 73 Castle Street, Bolton. 

NEEDHAM, ELIZABETH, B.A., '2nd class Hons. English, 1900; M.A., 1903; 
Assistant in Education Department, University of Manchester, 1910 ; 
A.M. Ladybarn House School, Withington; Gilchrist Travelling 
Student, 1904; Shakespeare Prize, 1899; Teachers' Diploma, 1901. 

NEILL, MARY, B.A., 1907; A.M. Secondary School, Blackpool, 1907. 

NELSON, GEORGE F., 95 Rochdale Road, Shaw, nr. Oldham. 

NESSIS, BELLA, (now Mrs. Lobel), 297 Bury New Road, Hr. Broughton, 
Manchester. 

NEWBOLD, AUGUSTUS S., 23 Birley Street, nr. Bury. 

NEWBOLD, J. T. W., B.A., 1909; A.M. Newtown School, Waterford, 
Ireland; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 

NEWNS, SAMUEL J., B.A., 1908; A.M. Technical Institute, Chippenham, 
Wilts. 

NEWTON, ADELAIDE ANN, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1903; A.M. Glossop 
Secondary School, 1906. 

NEWTON, C. V., A.M. Central School, Oswald Road, Chorlton-cum- 
Hardy, Manchester. 

NEWTON, MARY H., A.M. Pupil Teachers' Centre, Weymouth, Dorset. 

NIGHTINGALE, FLORENCE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Secondary 
School, Millom, Cumberland, 1907. 

NIGHTINGALE, THOMAS MARGINSON, B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Municipal Second- 
ary School, Bolton. 

NOAN, CONSTANCE MADGE, B.A., 1908; A.M. Hr. Elementary School, 
Sale, Cheshire. 

NOBLE, ANNIE., 299 Gidlow Lane, Wigan. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 115 

NORCLIFFE, CLARA, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; Claremont, Lissom Grove, 

Hale; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 

NORRIS, Mrs., B.Sc., 1908; Lake View, Darwen; see Harrop, Dorothy. 
NORRIS, SARAH, 130 Bradford Street, Hanlayh, Bolton. 
NORTHROP, FRANK, B.A., 1893; H.M. Sub-Inspector of Schools; 120 

Radcliffe Road, West Bridgford, Notts. ; Assistant Lecturer in 

Education, University College of N. Wales, 18961900. 
NORTHROP, JESSIE M., (now Mrs. Louis Oppenheimer), Inter. B.A, ; 28 

Ellesmere Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. 
NOTT, ARTHUR, died 1893. 

NUNN, FLORENCE, B.A., 1908; 91 Camp Street, Broughton, Manchester. 
NUTTALL, ANNIE ROSE, 1st class Med. and Mod. Lang. Tripos, Camb. ; 

M.A. Dublin; A.M. Manchester High School for Girls; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1905, with distinction. 
NTTTTALL, HENRY, B.Sc., 3rd class Chemistry, 1904; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. 

Albion School, Ashton-under-Lyne ; Cheshire C.C. Scholar, 1901. 

GATES, Mrs. HERBERT ; see Firth, Margaret Ami. 

O'BRIEN, CORNELIUS J., 79 Whitby Road, Fallowfield. 

ODDIE, EVELINE, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Nelson Secondary 

School and P.T. Centre, 1908. 

OGDEN, JOHN HAINSWORTH, A.M. Roomfield Council School, Todmorden. 
O'NEILL, Mrs. H. C. ; see Speakman, Elizabeth. 

OPENSHAW, FRANK, Inter. B.Sc., 1898; A.M. Bradley School, Nelson. 
OPPENHEIMER, Mrs. Louis; see Northrop, Jessie M. 
ORMANDY, WALTER W., Inter. B.Sc.; died 1894. 
ORMEROD, GRACE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Burgess Street Council School. 
ORMROD, LUCY, 66 Bury New Road, The Haulgh, Bolton. 
ORMROD, HARRIET NORA, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; Demonstrator, Dept. 

of Education, The University, Manchester, and Fielden Dem. 

Schools. 
ORMESHER, WILLIAM, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1909; A.M. County Secondary 

School, Brandford, Dorset; Stockport P.T.C. Exhibitioner. 
ORR, JESSIE FARQUHAR, B.A., 1897 ; A.M. Bedford Moravian School for 

Girls; Montmirail, near Neuchatel, 1905-6; Teachers' Diploma, 1901. 
ORRELL, MABEL E., 39 St. Alban's Street, Rochdale. 
ORRELL, WALTER W., B.Sc., 1895; A.M. Central School, Rochdale, 1898. 
OSBALDESTON, WM. GILBERT, B.Sc., 1898; Teacher of Physics, Cheetham 

Central School, Manchester, 1896. 
OSBORNE, MURIEL, 132 Shaw Heath, Stockport. 
OULTON, LLEWELLIN, B.Sc., 1908; Warmingham, Crewe. 
OWENS, DORA, B.A., 1910 ; 88 Gt. Clowes Street, Broughton, Manchester. 

PAINE, FRANCES E., A.M. North Grecian Street Council School, 

Broughton, Manchester. 
PAITON, LAURA LEAH, B.A., 1909; 1 Bradford Street, Haulgh, Bolton. 



ii6 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

PALMER, OLIVE, 20 West Hill Koad, Wandsworth, Teachers' Diploma, 

1905. 
PARISH, JESSIE M., B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1909; M.A., 1910; 

A.M. Girls' Secondary School, Bootle; Graduate Scholar; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1910. 
PARK, EDWARD CHARLES, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Boys' Council School, 

Pontllanfraith, near Newport, Monmouth. 
PARKER, AGNES, B.A., 1903; 11 Kenilworth Avenue, West Didsbury; 

Student in France, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
PARKER, GEORGE HENRY, B.A., 1896; Principal, Scott Christian College, 

Nugercoil, Travancore, South India, since 1900 ; Principal, Lancashire 

College Settlement, 1898-1900 ; Teachers' Diploma, 1900. 
PARKER, IRENE, B.A., 1903; Tutor, Secondary Students' Convent, 

Liverpool; Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1908-9. 
PARKER, JAMES, 1 Ball Street, Oldham. 
PARKER, MARY J., 31 Murrell Hill, Carlisle. 
PARKER, WALTER T., B.A., 1908; A.M. Howard Gardens M.S. School, 

Cardiff. 
PARKES, MARGERY MOYLE, B.A., 1910 ; Principal, Girls' Boarding School, 

Point Pedro, Ceylon. 
PARKES, Mrs. S. ; see Corson, Hilda. 
PARKIN, AMY BEATRICE, B.Sc., 1909; A.M. Victoria High School, 

Londonderry. 

PARKIN, MARY W., 31 Longford Place, Victoria Park, Manchester. 
PARKINSON, ELIZABETH, 10 Lily Street, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester. 
PARKINSON, SARAH A. 
PARKINSON, THOS. WM. FARADAY, B.Sc., 1895; M.Sc., 1904; A.M. 

Municipal Secondary School, Manchester; Vice -Chairman, Geo- 
graphical Society, Manchester Branch, 1909-10 ; Lecturer in Summer 

School of Geography, Oxford, 1910. 
PARTINGTON, JAMES R., B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1909; 52 

Eustace Street, Bolton ; Research Student, Manchester University ; 

Beyer Fellowship, 1910 ; Graduate Scholarship, 1909. 
PARTINGTON, WINIFRED, "Westgate," Lostock Park, Bolton. 
PATCHETT, JOSEPH L., B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Stanley Grove Council School, 

Manchester. 
PATTERSON, ROSA. 2nd class Math. Tripos (Cambridge) ; M.A. (Dublin) ; 

Hd.M. High School for Girls, Eccles Old Road, Pendleton ; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1902. 
PATTRIEOUEX, FLORENCE (now Mrs. F. J. W. Rycroft), B.A., 1899; 

Woodlands House, Cheetham Hill, Manchester; A.M. Cheetham 
Higher Elementary School, Manchester. 

PAULL, MARGARET CAROLINE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 
1907; M.A., 1909; The London Mission, Hankow, China; A.M. 
High School for Girls, Manchester, 1908-10; Diploma, 1908. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 117 

PEARCE, ANNIE E., Resthaven, Lansdowne Boad, West Didsbury, 

Manchester. 

PEARSALL, WM. H., School House, Dalton-in-Furness. 
PEARSON, DAVID, B.A., 1908; A.M. Ripon School, Ripon, Yorkshire. 
PEARSON, KATIE M., 133 Monton Road, Eccles. 
PEARSON, OLIVE M., 10 Talbot Road, Withington, Manchester. 
PEDDAR, ETHEL MAY, 40 St. Hilda's Road, Old Trafford, Manchester. 
PEEL, SELINA, B.Sc., 1902; Teaching at a Mission School in Hsiao Chang 

under the London Missionary Society; A.M. Whitworth Street 

Secondary School, Manchester, 1903-6 ; Dora Muir Entrance Scholar- 
ship, 1899. 

PENDLEBURY, JAMES W., Police Station, Cark-in-Cartmel. 
PENNEY, ELIZABETH, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1909; M.A., 1910; 

A.M. Secondary Girls' School, York; Diploma (1st class), 1910. 
PENNJNGTON, DONALD, 366 Limefield, Bury. 
PENNINGTON, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Grammar School, Hindley, 

Wigan. 
PEPPER, MARGARET CLAYTON, B.Sc., 1900; Lecturer, Domestic Training 

College, West Hampstead, London, 1908 ; Lecturer in Science and 

Mathematics, Home and Colonial Training College, Wood Green, 

London, 1904-7. 
PERKINS, HENRY, B.Sc., 1897; Hd.M. Secondary School, Workington, 

1901; Hegginbottom Scholarship; Inter. B.A. (London). 
PETFORD, IDA WINIFRED, B.A., 1909; A.M. Girls' Grammar School, 

Lancaster. 

PEWTRESS, ALFRED W., 15 Bacup Road, Rawtenstall. 
PHILLIPS, JAMES 0. R., B.Sc., 1910; 15a Crumpsall Lane, Crumpsall, 

Manchester. 
PICKFORD, GEORGE HYDE, B.A., 1894; Classical and English Master at 

P.T. Centre, Carlton Street, Bradford, 1900; Lancashire C.C. 

Scholarship ; Seaton Entrance Exhibitioner, 1891 ; John Bright 

Scholar; Shuttleworth Scholar,' 1894; Cobden Club Prizeman; 

Samuel Robinson Prizeman. 
PICKLES, EDITH ALICE, 11 Cambridge Street, Hebden Bridge; Hepton- 

stall Scholarship. 

PICKLES, EDNA G., Garnett House, Platt Bridge, Wigan. 
PICKUP, EMILY M. A., B.A., 1909; 21 Snowdon Road, Eccles. 
PICTON, GRACE ETHEL, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Leigh Grammar School.; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 
PILCHER, HERBERT, A.M. Southchurch Hall School, Southend-on-Sea ; 

A.C.P. 

PINDER, THOMAS S., 10 Grosvenor Street, Newton Heath, Manchester. 
PLATT, JAMES C., B.Sc., 1910; Hill Crest, Deep Cutting, Royton, near 

Oldham. 



n8 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

PLATT, J. CLEMENT, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics; Hill Crest, Deep 

Cutting, Royton, near Oldham. 
PLATT, BEVIS, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Physics; Ivy Cottage, Eaves Lane, 

Hollinwood, near Oldham. 

POLLITT, FRANK H., 29 Esmond Eoad, Cheetham Hill, Manchester. 
POLLITT, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1896; Lecturer, Tottenham Polytechnic, London, 

E.G., and Senior Science Master, Tottenham Secondary School; 

F.C.S. 
POPPLE, LILIAN (now Mrs. Jerry Whitehead), B.A., 1905; Holly House, 

Bloomsbury Lane, Timperley; A.M. Bury Grammar School for Girls, 

1905-9. 

PORTER, EMILY, North Carlton, Worksop. 
PORTER, MARY ALICE, B.A., 1906; Form Mistress, Secondary School, 

Blackpool. 
POTTS, ELLA, B.A., 1909; A.M. Ashton Old Eoad Municipal School, 

Openshaw, Manchester. 

POWELL, ARTHUR L., 209 Princess Road, Moss Side, Manchester. 
POWELL, EDWARD L., A.M. St. Paul's School, Adelaide Street, Crewe. 
POWELL, OLIVE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, Manchester. 
POWICKE, AGNES EVA, B.A., 1906; A.M. Notre Dame School, Blackburn; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
POWNALL, ROSE, B.A., 1909; Briarfield, Wilbraham Road, Chorlton-cum- 

Hardy, Manchester. 
PRICE, ETHEL NORAH, B.A., 1907; 74 Demesne Road, Manchester, S.W. ; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1908. 
PRIESTNALL, JOHN, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1907; A.M. Secondary School, 

Rochdale; Lecturer in Practical Mathematics, Rochdale Technical 

School. 

PRIESTNALL, Mrs. ; see Cliff, Rose G. 
PRIOR, THEODORA, B.Sc., 1902; Mathematical Mistress, Bangor County 

School for Girls, 1907; Wynthrop College, Ashton-on-Mersey, 1905; 

Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1899; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 

QUASS, ALMA EMMA, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. High School for Girls, Whalley 

Range, Manchester. 

QUALYE, ALICE, 31 Corporation Street, Hyde. 
QUAYLE, GLADYS E., Bel wart, Urmston. 
QUAYLE, MARK, Kirkmichael, Isle of Man. 

RACE, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1895; A.M. Cheetham Higher Elementary School, 

Manchester, 1895. 

RADFORD, ELIZABETH, 195 Stamford Street, Brooks's Bar, Manchester. 
RALPHS, ARNOLD LEE, Brookside, Manchester Road, Westhoughton. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 119 

BAMSBOTTOM, SARAH ISABEL, B.A., 1905; A.M. Poole Secondary School 

and P.T. Centre, 1907. 
EAMSDEN, AGNES, B.A., 1902; A.M. Low Digbys School, Sherborne, 

Dorset. 
RAMSDEN, ANNIE, B.A., 1906; A.M. Johnston Secondary School, Durham; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

RANDALL, ARTHUR, 15 Brentwood, Pendletooi, Manchester. 
RANDLES, JOSEPH, B.A., 1903; A.M. Chorley Secondary School. 
RATCLIFFE, LILLIAN MARY, B.A., 1909; 83 High Street, Golborne. 
RAWLINS, SAMUEL. 
RAWSTHORN, REGD. BROMLEY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; 

M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Secondary School and P.T. Centre, Blackpool. 
RAYNER, THOMAS HUDSON, B.Sc., 1893; Hd.M. Beeford School, Driffield, 

East Riding Yorkshire, 1901; Hd.M. Skidby Church of England 

School, Hull; 1895-1897; Hd.M. North Frodingham Church of 

England School, Driffield, 1897-01. 

REA, CATHERINE, B.A., 1905 ; 39 Avon Road, Hale, Cheshire. 
REDFEARN, ELSIE MARY,, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1905; M.A., 

1907; A.M. Girls' County Secondary School, Penrith; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1909. 
REDFERN, HERBERT STANLEY, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Engineering; M.Sc., 

1905; Head of English Methodist College, Ningpo, China; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1909. 
REDFEARN, ROBERT, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. Plymouth Grove Council School, 

Manchester. 

REDFERN, WALTER, Emergency Teacher, Cheshire C.C., Chester. 
REED, AGNES, B.Sc., 1909; Hartbrown Lane, Stockton-on-Tees. 
REES, CALEB, B.A. (Univ. of Wales) ; Assistant Lecturer in Education, 

University College of South Wales, Cardiff; Withers Prize; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 
REGAN, MARGARET M. (now Mrs. Oliver Herford), B.A., 1896; 57 

Washington Place, New York City, U.S.A.; Hd.M. Deal Street 

Special Schools, London, 1898; Diploma, 1897. 

REID, ALEXANDER, B.Sc., 1900; Student in Faculty of Medicine, Univer- 
sity of Manchester. 

REID, ANNIE M., Hd.M. Green Bank Council School, Rochdale. 
REID, MARY, B.A., 1901 ; A.M. Whalley Range High School, Manchester. 
REYNOLDS, HILDA M., 5 Birch Road, Higher Crumpsall, Manchester. 
REYNOLDS, MARY, B.A., 2nd class Hons. English, 1903 M.A., 1906; 

English Mistress, St. Felix School, South wold, Suffolk, 1906 ; Shake- 

peare Scholarship, 1902; Diploma, 1905. 
RHODES EDGAR SWAIN, B.Sc., 1901; H.M. Stonefield Boys* Council 

School, Bilston, Staffs., 1906. 
RHODES, JOHN EDGAR, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1909; A.M. Merton House 

School, Peoimaenmawr ; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 



120 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

RICHARDS, RAYMOND S., 1 Nithsdale Terrace, Egerton Road, Worsley. 

RICHARDSON, ELIZABETH A., 4 Scarsdale Street, Pendleton, Manchester. 

RICHMOND, ETHEL, A.M. Holland Street Municipal School, Manchester. 

RICKLETON, BEATRICE, 20 Livingstone Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 

RIDING, GEORGE A., B.A., 1909; 12 Olive Place, Penarth, Glamorgan. 

RIGBY, JOE, B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1904; A.M. West Ham Secondary 
School, Stratford, London; Harling Scholar. 

RIGG, GEORGE H., A.M. Queen Street Seminary, Farnworth, Bolton. 

RILEY, HANNAH, 62 Rushford Street, Longsight, Manchester. 

RILEY, JOSEPH, B.Sc., 1901; Science Master, Ferndale Secondary School, 
Glamorgan, 1904; deceased. 

RILEY, JOSEPH WILLIE, B.Sc., 1906; Nelson Street, Wigton, Cumberland ; 
A.M. Akroyd Place School, Halifax, 1906. 

RILEY, MARY, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; % Queen's Terrace, Hudson 
Street, Altrincham; Student, Botany Department, University of 
Manchester, 1907-8. 

RIMMER, TRAVIS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1903; M.Sc., 1907; 
c/o Colonial Secretary, Suwa, Fiji; Research work at the Kew 
Observatory and Meteorological Office, London, 1907 ; Resident 
Observer in charge of the Howard Estate Meteorological Observa- 
tory of the University, 1908; 1851 Exhibition Scholarship, 1905. 

ROACH, JAS. L., A.M. St. Wooles School, Newport, Monmouth. 

ROBERTS, ELEANOR MAUD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. History, 1896; M.A., 
1899; A.M. Thoresby High School, Leeds; Teachers' Diploma, 1899. 

ROBERTS, LIZZIE;, Coburg Cottage, Adlington, Lanes. 

ROBERTS, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. High School, North Berwick, 
N.B. 

ROBERTSON, DAVID T. S., B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Presbyterian School, 
Wigan; A.M. Potsdam School, Malvern, Jamaica. 

ROBERTSON, HANNAH L. D., 3 Cheetham Place, Cheetham Hill, Man- 
chester. 

ROBERTSON, JANE CUMMINGS, B.A., 1901 ; 14 Park Avenue, Longsight, 
Manchester. 

ROBINSON, ARTHUR S., Low Ackworth, Pontefract. 

ROBINSON, CATHERINE, A.M. Whalley Range High School, Manchester. 

ROBINSON, EDITH ANNIE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Ashton-in- 
Makerfield Grammar School, since 1906; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

ROBINSON, ETHEL H. FRANCES, B.A., 1902; A.M. P.T. Centre, Leyton- 
stone, Essex, since 1904. 

ROBINSON, Mrs. H. A. ; see Wood, Edith G. 

ROBINSON, JOHN 0., A.M. Hewitt Street School, Manchester. 

ROBINSON, RONA, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; M.Sc., 1907; 
Organiser W.S.P.U., 1909; Science Mistress at the Altrincham 
P.T. Centre, 1905-9; Dora Muir Entrance Scholarship, 1902; 
Mercer Scholarship, 1905 ; Leblanc Medal, 1905. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 121 

ROBISON, LIONEL McD., B.A., 1908 ; A.M. Government Training College. 

Colombo, Ceylon; Fielden Demonstration School, 1908-9. 
ROBSON, ERNEST SMITH AWMACK, B.Sc., 1895; M.Sc., 1898; Hd.M. 

Technical Institute and Secondary School, Warrington ; Assistant 

Lecturer in Physics and Electrical Engineering, Royal Technical 

Institute, Salford, 1897; Seaton Exhibitioner; A.I.E.E. 
ROCK, FREDK. BOTJLD, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; A.M. Ranelagh School, 

Bracewell, Berks. 

RODGERS, EDITH, 85 St. Stephen's Street, Salford. 
ROGERS, HARRIET CHORLTON ( , B.A., 1907; M.A., 1908; A.M. Ardwick 

Central School, Manchester. 
ROGERS, JAMES, 4 Beaumont Street, Todmorden ; Heptonstall Foundation 

Scholarship. 
ROPER, REGINALD EDWARD, B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1896 ; M.A., 

1899; A.M. Eton College, Windsor; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 
ROSCOE, ERNEST, Inter. B.A. ; A.M. St. John's School, Miles Platting. 
ROSCOE, Mrs. FRANK; see Davies, Margaret E. 
ROSCOE, JESSIE, B.A., 1903; Cambridge Teachers' Certificate, 1906; 

Mistress of Method and Lecturer in French, Bristol Diocesan 

Training College. 

ROSE, AGNES L., B.Sc., 1910; 27 Trafalgar Road, Wigan. 
ROSE, MABEL, B.A., 1910; 100 Grenville Street, Stockport. 
ROSE, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, B.A., 1894; Hd.M. Mall Council School, 

Brading, Isle of Wight, 1899. 
ROSSINGTON, Mrs. H. J. ; see Hayhurst, Florence. 
ROSTRON, HAROLD, B.Sc., 1895; Director of Education, Farnworth, 

Lanes., 1905; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 1896-1905. 
ROTHWELL, GEORGE G., B.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Municipal Secondary 

School, Bolton. 

ROTHWELL, HAROLD, 34 Bolton Road, Farnworth, Bolton. 
ROUND, CECIL, 1 Poplar Avenue, Blackpool. 
ROWBOTHAM, ALBERT, 107 Great Cheetham Street West, Broughton, 

Manchester. 
ROWLANDSON, ROBERT, Inter. B.A., 1898; A.M. Christ Church School, 

Hope Street, Salford. 
ROYDS, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Physics, 1906; M.Sc., 1907; 

Student, Tubingen University, Germany ; Research Student in the 

University, 1906-8; Heginbottom Scholarship, 1904; Graduate 

Scholarship in Physics, 1906; National Scholarship, 1906; National 

1851 Exhibition Scholarship, 1908; Beyer Fellowship, 1907. 
ROYLE, FLORENCE WEST, B.A., 1909 ; 76 Wigan Road, Hindley 
RTJSSELL, EPHRAIM, B.Sc., 1901; B.A., 1903; Principal, Verdin Technical 

School, Winsford, Cheshire, 1904. 
RUTTER, GEORGE, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; Hulme Hall 

Entrance Scholarship; Woodiwis Exhibitioner; died 1908. 



122 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

RUTTER, MARION, 98 Castle Road, Hanlgh, Bolton. 

RYCROFT, Mrs. ; see Pattrieouex, Florence. 

SAILMAN, FRANCES R. M., B.A., Hons. Modern Language, 1908; M.A., 

1909; A.M. Barrhill Secondary School, Coventry. 
SAMPLE, JOHN A., B.A., 1894; A.M. Cheetham Higher Grade School, 

1899; died 1904. 
SANDERSON, ARTHUR RUFUS, Inter. B.Sc. ; 1 Grove Terrace, Burnley 

Road, Colne. 
SANDIFORD, MARY, B.A., 1909; A.M. Girls' County Secondary School, 

Camborne, Cornwall; Diploma, 1909. 

SANDIFORD, PETER, B.Sc., 1904; B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Chemistry, 1905; 
M.Sc., 1907; Lecturer and Tutor in Education, University of Man- 
chester ; Assistant Lecturer in Education, University of Manchester, 
1906-8 ; Tutor in Education, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 
1909-10 ; Mackie Memorial Scholarship, 1901 ; Derbyshire County 
Major Scholarship, 1901; University Scholarship, 1905; Fellow of 
Teachers' College, Columbia University, U.S.A., 1908-9; Ph.D. 
(Columbia University), 1910. 

SANKEY, WILLIAM H., 27 Egerton Road, Withington, Manchester. 
SARGEANT, FRANK, 25 Hammond Street, Bolton. 
SARGENT, ELSIE KATHERINE, B.A., 1908 ; M.A., 1910 ; A.M. Girls' County 

School, Brecon; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 
SARGENT, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1901, A.M. Birley Street Central School, 

Beswick, Manchester. 
SARGINSON, WILLIAM, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Higher Grade School, Carlisle; 

Westmoreland C.C. Scholarship. 

SANDERSON, CONSTANCE MARGARET, B.Sc., 1906; Science Mistress, North- 

wich High School for Girls, since 1907; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 

SAUNDERSON, FRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Huntsman's Gardens Council 

School, Sheffield. 
SAUNSBURY, ROBT., B.Sc., 1900; M.Sc., 1903; A.M. Ducie Avenue 

Central School, Manchester. 

SAXON, ROBERT 1 ., B.Sc., 1896; Demonstrator, Belle Vue Secondary 
School, Bradford, 1897 ; Teacher of Physics under Bradford School 
Board, 1896-7. 
SCHOLES, MARGARET KERSHAW, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; 77 Pitt Street, 

Oldham. 
SCHOLFIELD, ALFRED L., Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Chaucer Road Senior Boys' 

School, Fleetwood. 

SCHULZE, DOUGLAS GORDON, M.A., 2nd Classical Mods. ; 2ndLitt. Hum. ; 
Classical Postmaster, Merton College, Oxford; A.M. Uppingham 
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 

SEARLE, MILTON M., 4 Gordon Street, Rusholme, Manchester. 
SEDDON, FRED, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Halton Bank Council School, 
Pendleton. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 123 

SHACKLETON, RUTH G., 2 New Hall Cottages, Fairfield, Manchester. 
SHACKLETON, WALTER, 141 Ashton Old Road, Openshaw, Manchester. 
SHALLIS, ETHEL, Whitefield Bank, Heaton Norris, Stockport. 
SHARP, ANNIE E., Brundrigg, Brook Street, Ossett, Yorkshire. 
SHATWELL, HUGH G., 39 City Road, Higher Openshaw, Manchester. 
SHAW, DANIEL T., B.Sc., 1902; Second Master, Technical School, Hyde. 
SHAW, HARRIETT, A.M. Waterloo Road Council School, to 1909; 

died 1909. 

SHAW, JAMES, Godley Green, Gee Cross, Hyde, Cheshire. 
SHAW, MARION, 51 Lunn Street, Hyde. 
SHAW, THOMAS, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Oswald Road Central School, 

Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. 
SHAW. WILLIAM, 157 Wiltons Lane, Bolton. 
SHEARMAN, BERTHA (now Mrs. Wood), B.Sc., 1904; 30 Penelope Road, 

Pendleton, Manchester; formerly A.M. North Grecian Street Council 

School, Salford. 

SHEFFIELD, JOHN ROBERT, Malkins Bank, near Sandbach. 
SHELDON, ADA, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; New Hay, Kettleshulme, 

Whaley Bridge. 
SHEPHARD, RUTH MARY, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; History Mistress, 

Northwood College, London. 
SHEPHERD, KATHLEEN ALICE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 

1909; M.A. 1910; 6 Cavendish Grove, Eccles; Diploma, 1910. 
SHEPPARD, ARTHUR, Hd.M. Cheadle C. of E. School, Cheadle, Cheshire. 
SIDDALL, FREDERICK, 45 Henley Road, Upper Edmonton, London, W. 
SILVERSTONE, MAURICE, B.A., 1909; A.M. Southall Street Municipal 

School, Cheetham, Manchester. 

SIMPSON, FANNY, B.A., 1910; Nimble Nook, Hollinwood. 
SIMPSON, FRANCES E., B.A., 1909; Warrington Road, Altrincham. 
SIMPSON, MARY, Nimble Nook, Hollinwood, near Manchester. 
SIMPSON, ROBERT, B.A., 1906; A.M. Moston Lane Council School, 

Manchester. 

SINGLE, ANNIE, 1 Gore Street, Greenheys, Manchester. 
SINGLETON, FRANK C., B.A., 3rd class Hons. Classics, 1910; 94 Man- 
chester Road, Warrington. 
SINKINSON, JAMES H., Inter, B.Sc. ; Clerk to the Guardians, Haslingden 

Union; M.A. (T.C.D.). 
SINKINSON, Mrs. ; see Taylor, Mary K. 
SKEMP, Mrs. A. R. ; see Clarkson, Jessie Dewrance. 
SKINNER, Mrs. EDMUND B. ; see Horsfall, Dorothy. 
SLATER, WINIFRED, M.A. (Dublin) ; 1st class Classical Tripos (Cam- 
bridge) ; Hd.M. Paddington High School for Girls; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1901. 

SMALLWOOD, JAMES, A.M. British Boys' School, Warrington. 
SMETHURST, ANNIE, A.M. Hathershaw Council School, Oldham. 



124 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

SMETHURST, ARTHUR, 10 Emerald Street, Bolton. 

SMITH, ANNIE, 445 Didsbury Road, Heaton Mersey, Manchester. 

SMITH, E. 

SMITH, FOSTER, B.Sc., 1896; Lecturer in Physics, Royal Technical 

Institute, Salford. 
SMITH, FRANK (1), B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 

Bolton, 1903. 
SMITH, FRANK (2), B.Sc., 1906; B.A., 1907; Research Student, 

Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1910; A.M. Municipal Secondary 

School, West Bromwich, 1907; Cheshire C.C. Exhibitioner, 1903; 

Shakespeare Prize. 

SMITH, FRANK W., Inter. B.Sc., 1901 ; A.M. Central High School, Leeds. 
SMITH, GEORGE F., (Rev.), B.Sc., 1904; Curate of St. Paul's Church, 

Tranmere, Chester ; Junior Science Master, Leeds Church Middle 

Class School, 1904-5; Ordained Deacon 1906. 

SMITH, JAMES HENRY, B.A., 1893; A.M. Ordsall Council School, Salford. 
SMITH, JENNIE JARDINE, B.Sc., 1909; 297 Preston New Road, Blackburn. 
SMITH, KENNETH, 81 Petersburg Road, Edgeley, Stockport. 
SMITH, MABEL, A.M. Infants' Department, Southall Street School, 

Manchester. 
SMITH, MARGARET ANN, B.A., 1907; M.A., 1909; A.M. Technical 

Institute, Norwich, 1907. 

SMITH, MARY, B.A., 1910; 81 Steven Street, Stretford. 
SMITH, MAUD, Lower Fold, Marple. 
SMITH, MAY (1) (now Tracey, Mrs.), Brookfield, Harboro Road, Ashton- 

on-Mersey. 
SMITH, MAY (2), B.A., 1903; M.A., 1909; Lecturer in Education, 

Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 1905; Mistress, College House School, 

Brunswick Street, Manchester, 1903-5; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
SMITH, QUINTON L., B.A., 1910; 77 Davenport Street, Bolton. 
SMITH, ROBINA BISSET, Chester Square, Ashton-under-Lyne ; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1907. 

SMITH, THOMAS, A.M. Pike's Lane Council School, Bolton. 
SMITH, WILLIAM, B.A., 1900; B.Sc., 1899; A.M. Potteries P.T. 

Centre, 1900; English Essay Prizeman; Teachers' Diploma, 1900; 

died 1903. 
SNAPE, NELLIE, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Botany, 1907; M.Sc., 1908; 

4 King Street, Harpurhey, Manchester ; Research Student in 

Botany, 1907-8. 

SNELSON, LAURA J., Hanging Gate, Rushton, near Macclesfield 
SOUTH, ARTHUR, B.Sc., 1990; M.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Stockport 

Grammar School. 
SOUTHERST, DORA, B.A., 1907; A.M. Hindley and Abram Grammar 

School, Wigan. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 125 

SOWERBUTTS, HILDA, B.Sc., 1908; M.Sc., 1909; Kavenswing, Mellor, near 
Blackburn. 

SPEARMAN, ELIZABETH (now Mrs. Herbert C. O'Neill), B.A., 1st class 
Hons. History, 1900; M.A., 1903; 2 Queen Anne Gardens, Bedford 
Park, London, W. ; Assistant Lecturer in History in University of 
Manchester, 1904-6 ; University Scholarship in History, 1900 ; 
Bradford History Scholarship, 1899 ; University Fellow, 1901 ; 
Jones Fellowship, 1902. 

SPEARMAN, ETHEL, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Northwood, Higher Crump- 
sail, Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1909. 

SPENCER, MARY, Prospect House, Luddendenfoot, R.S.O., Yorkshire. 

STAFFORD, ETHEL, B.A., 1906; A.M. Tiffin's Girls' School, Kingston-on- 
Thames, 1908. 

STAFFORD, FRANCIS J., 3 Orchid Street, Harpurhey, Manchester; Hulme 
Hall Entrance Scholarship. 

STANSFIELD CHAS. S., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; Hd.M. Holy Trinity School, 
Darwen. 

STANSFIELD, SAMUEL, B.Sc., 1898; Hd.M. Park Road School, Batley ; and 
Lecturer in Commercial Geography, Technical School, Batley ; 
Lecturer in the Pupil Teachers' Centre, 1898-1900. 

START, LAURA EMILY, Lecturer, Education Department, Manchester 
University, and Examiner to Board of Educational Handwork, 
London ; Ferienkursus at Jena taught English course 1905 ; Herbert 
Birley Scholarship ; Government Certificate, 1st class ; Art Class 
Teachers' Certificate; Third Grade Prizeman S.K., other Art 
Exams.; Member of Moseley Commission to U.S.A., 1907. 

STEELE, LILY HENLY (now Millar, Mrs. John), Forres, Hafod Road, 
Hereford. 

STEPHENS, MABEL WINIFRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Lees Street Council 
School, Higher Openshaw, 1907. 

STEPHENSON, ROBT. IRWIN, B.A., 1900; A.M. Ducie Avenue Central 
School, Manchester, 1896. 

STEVENS, ROBERT HENRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Municipal Technical 
Institute, Burnley. 

STEVENSON, ELSIE CAROLINE, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Secondary School, 
Todmorden, 1903; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 

STEVENSON, MAUD WORSLEY, B.A., 1906; A.M. Bath City Secondary 
School, 1906. 

STEVENSON, MAUDE, Mount Olivet, Lydgate, Todmorden. 

STEVENSON, ROSE EVELYN, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Secondary School for Girls, 
Sowerby Bridge, 1906; West Riding C.C. Scholarship, 1903; 
Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

STEWARD, LOUISE, Lane Ends, Marple Bridge. 

STEWART, CHARLOTTE MAY, 42 Hugh Oldham Drive, Broughton, Man- 
chester. 



126 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

STIRLAND, JOHN, 10 Longmead Road, Pendleton, Manchester. 

STIRLING, ANNIE, 23 Bellott Street, Cheetham, Manchester. 

STOCKS, WINIFRED ALICE, B. A., 2nd class Hons. Classics, 1906 ; M. A., 1907 ; 
A.M. Pen Rhos College, Colwyn Bay, since 1907 ; Hulme Entrance 
Scholarship, 1903; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 

STOCKTON, CHARLES EDWARD, B.A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 
1903; M.A., 1907; Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in Education, 
Manchester University ; Assistant in Department of Education, 
Manchester University, 1906-7; Mill Hill School, 1907-8; Lan- 
cashire County Council Commercial Scholarship, 1900; Samuel 
Robinson Prizeman, 1902 ; Teachers' Diploma, I., 1906. 

STONE, EDITH A., South Elkington. 

STONE, GERTRUDE, B.A., 1901; English Teacher, Chorley Technical 
School, 1905. 

STOREY, GEORGE. 

STORY, JEANIE D., 22 Alexandra Road, Moss Side, Manchester. 

STOTT, ALICE ELIZABETH, B.A., 1896; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 
Bolton. 

STOTT, AMY JANE, 9 Bromwich Street, Bolton. 

STREET, CONSTANCE, 14 Lime Grove, Oxford Road, Manchester. 

STRINGER, ALBERT EDWARD, B.Sc. 1900; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton- 
under-Lyne, 1904. 

STRINGER, WM., B.Sc., 1905; A.M. Melrose School, Guernsey, 1906. 

STRUTHERS, WM. H., 5 Heathfield Avenue, Crewe. 

SUDDARDS, IDA, 99 Spencer Place, Leeds ; Special Student, Education 
Department, Manchester, 1910-11. 

SUMNER, ERNEST JOHNSON, B.Sc. 1900; A.M. Grammar School, Burnley. 
SUTCLIFFE, ALBERT 0., B.Sc., 1910; 64 Willows Lane, Accrington. 
SUTCLIFFE, HENRY, B.Sc., 1900; A.M. Coal Clough School, Burnley. 
SUTHERS, NELLIE, 193 Stamford Street, Brooks's Bar, Manchester. 
SWAINE, ELSIE NEWTON, 62, Liverpool Road, Warrington. 
SWANN, NELLIE, Fernlea, Leyland Lane, Leyland, Preston. 

SWALLOW, GEORGE H., B.Sc., 1910; 117 Shuttle Street, Tyldesley, 

Manchester. 
SWITHENBANK, DORA (now Mrs. Green), B.A., 1903 ; Beech Avenue, Langley 

Lane, Northenden; Form Mistress, Salford Municipal Secondary 

School, 1905-9. 

SYERS, ANNIE G., Rose Hill Cottage, Bowdon. 
SYKES, ALBERT, B.Sc., 1904; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bolton, 

1904. 

TALBOT, MAUD, B.A., 1897; A.M. Municipal Secondary School for Girls, 
Salford. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 127 

TAYLOR, ALBERT, B.Sc., 1910; 56 Countess Koad, Stockport. 

TAYLOR, CLARA (now Mrs. Dean), 38 Wath Street, Sharrow, Sheffield. 

TAYLOR, EDITH, 129 North Road, Clayton, Manchester. 

TAYLOR, EMILY HOWSON, B.A., 1st class Modern Languages, 1905; M.A., 

1906; A.M. Pendleton High School, 1908; University Scholarship, 

1905; Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

TAYLOR, ETHEL, 63 Oxford Eoad, Macclesfield. 

TAYLOR, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1901; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Whit- 
worth Street, Manchester. 
TAYLOR, GEORGE F. 

TAYLOR, GEORGE WILLIAM^ B.Sc., 1897; Hope Villas, Middleton; 

Accountant and Private Tutor, 1900. 
TAYLOR, LYDIA, B.A., 1894; M.A., 1898; Hd.M. Girls' Secondary School, 

JBootle ; Teachers' Diploma, 1st class, 1910. 

TAYLOR, MABEL ALICE, B.Sc., 1910; Scowcroft House, Hindley Green, 
Wigan. 

TAYLOR, MARY H., B.A., 1900; 217 Upper Dale Road, Derby. 

TAYLOR, SARAH, B.Sc., 1910; 132 Brougham Street, Burnley. 

TEGGIN, LUCY, Hd.M. Seymour Road Municipal School, Clayton, Man- 
chester. 

TELFER, JAMES, B.Sc., 1901; 53 Whalley New Road, Blackburn. 

THOMASSON, ELIZABETH ANN, B.A., 1904; A.M. Grammar School, 
Mottram-in-Longdendale. 

THOMASSON, EMILY, Inter. B.Sc. ; A.M. Lees Street Municipal School, 
Openshaw, Manchester. 

THOMPSON, DORIS, 22 King Street East, Rochdale. 

THOMPSON, ETHEL, B.Sc., 1902; 7 Mayfield Road, Whalley Range, 
Manchester ; Teachers' Diploma, 1903. 

THOMPSON, JACOB, Inter. B.A., 1902; County Education Office, Chester. 

THOMPSON, MURIEL, B.Sc., 1st class Chemistry, 1906; M.Sc., 1907; A.M. 
Milham Ford School, Oxford, 1908 ; Student, Cherwell Hall, Oxford, 
1906; Grace Calvert Entrance Scholarship, 1903; Cambridge 
Secondary Teachers' Diploma (with distinction), 1907. 

THORLEY, STANLEY W., A.M. Leesfield Church School, Lees, Oldham. 

THORLEY, HILDA, A.M. Wellington Street Council School, Salford. 

THORNLEY, FRANK, B.A., 1907; A.M. Boulevard Municipal Secondary 
School, Hull. 

THORNTON, ARTHUR LAMBERT, B.Sc., 1894; Junior Inspector, Board of 
Education; formerly A.M. Central Higher Grade School, Bolton. 

THORPE, HAROLD K. K., B.A., 1902; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 
Oldham, 1902. 

TILLEY, EVA M., 2 Whitby Avenue, Whitby Road, Fallowfield, Man- 
chester. 



128 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

TIMPANY, HAROLD MUNKMAN, B.Sc., 1899; M.Sc., 1902; Principal, 
Technical Schools, Shrewsbury, 1902; Cambridge Teachers' Certi- 
ficate. 

TOMLINSON, HUBERT, Hoghton, Preston. 

TOMLINSON, WM. H., Boothfold, Waterfoot, Manchester. 

TOMLINSON, MAURICE, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1907; 125 Haslingden Old 
Road, Rawtenstall, Lanes. 

TONGE, WILLIAM, 49 Moreton Street, Chadderton, Oldham. 

TOPHAM, LEONARD WEST, B.Sc., 1906; M.Sc., 1907; Spring Bank, 
Worsley Lane, Swinton. 

TOPPING, ELIZABETH, Well Flat View, Murrell Hill, Carlisle. 

TOWERS, JOHN ARNOLD, Davenham, Norwich; Cheshire C.C. Scholar. 

TRACY, Mrs. ; see Smith, May. 

TROTT, HERBERT ALFRED, B.A., 1893; A.M. St. John's School, Altrin- 
cham; Hd.M. Welton Parochial School, nr. Lincoln, 1902-5. 

TUCKER, BASIL, Lecturer, St. Chad's Theological College, Durham. 

TUNNICLIFFE, BERNARD, 98 Common Road, Church Gresley, Burton-on- 
Trent. 

TUNSTALL, JOHN, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Varna Street School, Manchester. 

TURNER, HARRY, B.Sc., 1903; M.Sc., 1906; A.M. Municipal Secondary 
School, Oldham. 

TURNER, WINIFRED, Victoria Terrace, Newton Moor, Hyde. 

TWISSE, SARAH, B.A., 1904; A.M. Bolton Secondary School, 1905. 

TYSON, TOM, 32 Arrowsmith Terrace, Bolton. 

UNDERWOOD, JOHN M., 185 Windsor Road, Oldham. 

VARLEY, BENJAMIN, B.A., 1910; A.M. Union Chapel Council School, 

Stockport. 

VARLEY, RUSSELL, 567 Market Street, Whitworth, nr. Rochdale. 
VICKERS, WILFRID, 73 Brownlow Road, Horwich, Bolton. 
VINER, MARY (now Mrs. Claydon), B.A., 1907; 411 Park Road, 

Oldham. 

WADDINGTON, DOROTHY, B. A., 1904; Form Mistress, Municipal Secondary 

School, Manchester. 

WADDINGTON, MARIE E., 103 Park View, Newtown, Wigan. 
WADDINGTON, WM. W., 266 Rishton Lane, Great Lever, Bolton. 
WADSWORTH, AMY, B.A., 1905; A.M. Waterloo Secondary School, 

Oldham. 

WADSWORTH, NELLIE, Ferncliffe, Gore Crescent, Pendleton, Manchester. 
WAITE, DOROTHY H., Student, University of Manchester. 
WAITE, HAROLD H., Inter. B.Sc., 1896; A.M. Cheetham Central School, 

Manchester. 
WAITE, HAROLD, Inter. B.Sc. ; 19 Prince George Street, Oldham. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 129 

WAKEFIELD, FLORRIE, 196 Mottram Road, Godley, Hyde. 

WALFORD, DORA, 112 Monmouth Street, Rusholme, Manchester; formerly 

A.M. at Fielden Demonstration School. 

WALKER, EDGAR C., Inter. B.Sc.; A.M. Borough School, Crewe. 
WALKER, LILIAN MARY, A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Bury. 
WALKER, WILLIAM, B.A., 1896; M.A., 1908; Lecturer, Birbeck College, 

London; A.M. Secondary School, Accrington, 1905-8 1st in 

Hons. London Matric. ; B.Sc., London, 1906. 
WALMSLEY, GEORGE JAMES, B.Sc., 1st class Hons. Mathematics; M.Sc., 

1909; A.M. Ashbourne Grammar School, Derbyshire; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1909. 
WALMSLEY, WILLIAM A., B.Sc., 1910; Lower Willows, Lamack, Black 

burn. 
WALSH, GERTRUDE MAUD, B.Sc., 1907; M.Sc., 1908; Science Mistress, 

High School for Girls, Manchester, 1908 ; Student, University of 

"Manchester, 1907-8. 
WALSH, JAMES THOMAS, B.Sc., 1896; Phys. Lab., Brae Street, Council 

School, Liverpool, 1905 ; Tattersall Exhibitioner. 
WALTON, S. L., 26 Church Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. 
WARBURTON, STANLEY, Woodside, Poynton, nr. Stockport. 
WARBURTON, THOMAS M., 151 Upper Brook Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
WARD, Mrs. RICHARD; see Houghton, Elizabeth A. 
WARD, PERCY F., 72 Burton Road, West Didsbury, Manchester; Hulme 

Hall Entrance Scholarship, 1907. 
WARDLOW, ETHEL, B.A., 1906; Lecturer, The Hiatt College, Wellington, 

Salop; Formerly A.M. Loughton High School for Girls, Essex; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
WARE, ROWLAND, died 1904. 
WAREING, JOSEPH A., 14 Acre Street, Denton. 
WARETNG, MARION, 6 Cranbrook Street, Oldham. 
WARRINGTON, IDA MARGUERITE (now Mrs. Cowley), B.A., 1906; M.A., 

1907; Formerly A.M. Ardwick Higher Elementary School, Man- 
chester. 
WATERHOUSE, CARRIE W., A.M. Cowley Girls' Secondary School, St. 

Helens. 

WATERHOUSE, EDGAR, 72 Wellington Street, Bradford, Manchester. 
WATERHOUSE, HILDA, Stoneycroft Lane, Liverpool. 
WATKINS, WILLIAM M., 158 Hay dock Street, Earlestown. 
WATSON, ALICE MARY, B.A., 1910; Springfield, Werneth Hall Road, 

Oldham. 

WATSON, LILY, 126 Hyde Park Road, Headmgley, Leeds. 
WATTON, SYDNEY LEONARD, 26 Church Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, 

Manchester. 
WAUGH, WILLIAM, Inter. B.Sc., A.M. Princess Road School, Moss Side, 

Manchester. 



130 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

WEAVER, ETHEL, Langsfield, Layland, Preston. 

WEBSTER, LILY, (now Mrs. Aldred), B.A., 1909. 

WEBSTER, JOSEPH SIDNEY, B.Sc., 1899; Lecturer, Municipal D.T. College, 

Princess Street, Manchester; A.M. Pupil Teachers' College, Man- 
chester, 1899-09. 

WEBSTER, GLADYS, A.M. Oxford Grove Council School, Bolton. 
WEBSTER, LOUIE C., 100 Davenport Street, Bolton. 
WEBSTER, MARY ELIZABETH, B.A., 1901 ; 140 Marlborough Koad, Higher 

Broughton; A.M. Broughton Street Board School, Manchester, 

1901-3; now Mrs. Wm. Flower. 
WELCH, MARGARET JANET, B. A., 2nd class Hons. Modern Languages, 1909 ; 

A.M. Secondary School, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1910. 

WESTON, DOROTHY, 54 Denmark Road, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
WESTON, ELSIE MARGARET, B.A., 1910. 
WEYER, ELSIE, Park View, Fence Avenue, Macclesfield. 
WHALE, ALICE GERTRUDE, B.A., 1905; M.A., 1906; A.M. Girls' Secondary 

School, Stretford Pvoad, Manchester, 1906. 
WHALE, LUCY ULRICA, B.A., 1906; M.A., 1907; A.M. Salford Municipal 

Secondary School and P.T. Centre, 1907. 

WHALLEY, HARRY, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Harris Institute, Preston. 
WHALLEY, GEORGE WM., B.Sc., 1909; A.M. H. G. School and P.T. 

Centre, Scunthorpe, Lines. 

WHEELER, EDITH H., 69 Dickenson Road, Rusholme, Manchester. 
WHITAKER, MABEL, B.A., 1909; M.A., 1910; Coed Isaf, Kemmerley 

Road, Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 

WHITE, CECIL, B.Sc., 1910; 12 Chapel Street, West Gorton, Manchester. 
WHITE, MARGARET, B.Sc., 1909; M.Sc., 1910; 89 Barton Road, Stretford ; 

Beyer Fellow, 1910; Heginbottom Scholarship, 1907. 
WHITE, MARY IRENE, B.A., 2nd class Hons. English, 1908; M.A., 1909; 

1177 Chester Road, Stretford; Lancashire C.C. Scholar, 1905; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
WHITEHEAD, ARTHUR HINTON, B.Sc., 1906; A.M. Grammar School, 

Mirfield, Yorkshire. 

WHITEHEAD, CYRIL S., 131 Hayfield Road, Birch Vale, nr. Stockport. 
WHITEHEAD, JAMES EDWARD, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1908; Formerly A.M. 

Fielden Demonstration* School ; Teachers' Diploma, 1907. 
WHITEHEAD, Mrs. JERRY ; see Popple, Lilian. 
WHITEHEAD, TOM, 192 Oldham Road, Failsworth. 
WHITELEY, JOHN HAROLD, c/o Education Committee, Halifax. 
WHITESIDE, JOHN, B.A., 1893; Hd.M. Central Council School, Brid- 

lington, E. Yorkshire ; President of Owens Club, 1909. 
WHITNALL, EDWARD J., B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Ducie Avenue Elementary 

School, Manchester. 
WHITTAKER, CHAS. L., A.M. British School, Read., Blackburn. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 131 

WHITTAKER, ROSLYN, B.A., 1909; 15 Chester Road, Maccle 8 field; 

Cheshire C.C. Scholarship, 1906. 
WHITTAKER, Mrs. J. E. ; see Fletcher, Annie C. 
WHITTLES, WILLIE, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. Church Road Council School, 

Yardley, Birmingham. 

WIGLEY, ELSIE M., 89 Shakespeare Street, C.-on-M., Manchester. 

WILBY, FLORENCE, 32 Manor Road, Altrincham. 

WILCOCK, ALICE E., 34 Derwent Road, Lancaster. 

WILDRIDGE, ARTHUR WESTLEY, B.Sc., 3rd class Hons. Physics, 1906; 

M.Sc., 1908; A.M. Bournemouth School. 
WILKINSON, ARTHUR CECIL, A.M. North Reddish School, Stockport. 

WILKINSON, DOROTHY CONSTANCE, B.A., 1904; A.M. County Secondary 
School, Hyde, 1905. 

WILKINSON, MARION, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1906; A.M. Municipal 
Secondary School, Bury; Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 

WILKINSON, PATTIE ELIZA, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; 3 Monmouth 
Street, Bury. 

WILKINSON, WILLIAM, Inter. B.Sc.; died 1906. 

WILKINSON, JOHN J., 31 Bishop Street, Moss Side, Manchester. 

WILLATT, RICHARD L., 99 Dartmouth Street, Burslem. 

WILLATT, JOHN, Wilfred Place, Stoke-on-Trent ; Hulme Hall Entrance 
Scholarship. 

WILLETT, GEORGE, B.A., 1910; A.M. Bailie Street Council School, 
Rochdale. 

WILLIAMS, ANXIE J., Tan y Bryn, Penmorfa, Portmadoc. 

WILLIAMS, ESTHER, B.A., 1904; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, 
Manchester. 

WILLIAMS, FREDERIC JOHN, B.Sc., 1908; A.M. St. Pauls School, Bruns- 
wick Street, Manchester. 

WILLIAMS, GEORGE, B.A., 1907; A.M. Grammar School, Leigh. 

WILLIAMS, GLADYS, 4 Stamford Street, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. 

WILLIAMS, JESSIE G., B.A., 1903; A.M. Heckmondwike Secondary 
School; Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 

WILLIAMS, MARGARET, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1909; Esk Lea, Whalley 
Avenue, Sale. 

WILLIAMS, MARGARET E., A.M. Pentre Infants' Council School, Ystrad, 

Glamorgan. 

WILLIAMS, ROBERT B., 243 Dean Road, Bolton. 

WILLIAMS, THOS. A., B.Sc., 1910 ; 142 Ashton Road, Denton, Manchester. 
WILLIAMSON, LILIAN, B.A., 1901; A.M. Secondary School, Ashton-u.- 

Lyne; Teachers' Diploma, 1901. 
WILLIAMSON, ALICE F. A., 13 Liverpool Road, South Birkdale, 

Southport. 



132 REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

WILLIS, EDITH, M.A. (Dublin), 2nd class Math. Tripos (Cambridge) ; 

A.M. Manchester High School for Girls, Dover Street, Manchester; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
WILLIS, FRANK, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Fielden Schools, Victoria Park, 

Manchester. 

WILLIS, FREDK., WM., 16 Claremont Range, Gorton, Manchester. 
WILLIS, JANET CAROLINE NICOLSON, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1908; 75 Heaton 

Moor Road, Heaton Moor, Stockport; Teachers' Diploma, 1906. 
WILMORE, SARAH ELIZABETH, B.A., 1903 ; A.M. Darwen Secondary 

School, 1905. 

WILSON, ALBERT K. , 56 Salisbury Street, Bolton, Lancashire. 
WILSON, CHAS. W., Inter. B.Sc., A.M. Municipal School, Embden Street, 

Hulme, Manchester. 

WILSON, ENID E., 4 Woodbine Street, Moss Lane East, Manchester. 
WILSON, EDITH, B.A., 1909 ; 188 Coppice Street, Oldham. 
WILSON, LOUISA MARGARETTA. 
WILSON, RICHARD, A.M. Hague Street Municipal School, Newton Heath, 

Manchester. 
WILSON, WINIFRED, B.Sc., 1907; A.M. Municipal High School for Girls, 

Rotherham, Yorks, 1907. 

WINDASS, ALBERT K., The Hall, Osbaldwick, nr. York. 
WINFIELD, HENRIETTA, 1 Bedton Road, Knutsford. 
WINNARD, JOHN, 1 Holt Street, Hindley, Wigan. 
WINSTANLEY, ETHEL, B.A., 3rd class English, 1904; M.A., 1906; Hill 

Meadow, Astley Bridge, Bolton ; English Mistress, Intermediate 

School for Girls, Newport, Monmouth, 1906 ; Teachers' Diploma, 

1905. 

WINSTANLEY, MAUDE, B.A., 1910 ; 144 Platt Lane, Rusholme, Manchester. 
WISE, LYDIA BEATRICE, B.A., 1908; M.A., 1910; A.M. Upper Jackson 

Street Municipal School, Manchester. 
WOOD, EDITH GLADYS, (now Mrs. H. A. Robinson), B.A., 1906; 

Formerly A.M. Southall Street Municipal School. 
WOOD, ELINOR, 83 Lytham Road, Blackpool. 

WOOD, HARRIET HELENA, B.A., 1907; 16 Chester Road, Halifax. 
WOOD, JANE F., B.A., 1896; Municipal Secondary School, Manchester. 
WOOD, LUCY, Prestwich. 

WOOD, SARAH A., 535, Middleton Road, Oldham. 
WOODALL, SAMUEL JAMES, B.A., 2nd class Hbns. English; M.A., 1907; 

Lecturer in English, University of Strassburg, since 1908 ; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1907. 
WOODCOCK, ADA WINIFRED, B.A., 1903; M.A., 1908; 24 Upper Chorlton 

Road, Chorlton, Manchester; Assistant Editor of "The Common 

Cause," 1909; Urmston Higher Grade School, 1904-5; Teachers' 

Diploma, 1904. 
WOODHEAD, JAMES, 3 Openshaw Street, Bury. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 133 

WOODS, ROBERT, Inter. B.Sc., died 1897. 

WOOLLEY, BERTHA ELIZABETH, B.Sc., 1901; M.Sc., 1905; A.AL Whalley 

Range High School, Manchester. 
WOODS, MEDORA, A.M. Elm Grove School, Brighton. 
WORMWELL, CHAS. E., 102 Crumpsall View, Blackley, Manchester. 
WORRALL, BESSIE, B.A., 1910; Oakwood, Hamilton Road, Whitefield, 

nr. Manchester; Teachers' Diploma, 1910. 
WORSWICK, MILLICENT FREDERiCA, B.Sc., 1902; B.A., 1906; A.M. 

County High School, Leyton, Essex; Teachers' Diploma, 1905. 
WRAGG, FLORENCE, 18 Plymouth Grove, C.-on-M., Manchester. 
WRIGHT, ARTHUR, 78 Winwick Street, Warrington. 
WRIGHT, EMILY, B.A., 1905; A.M. Municipal Secondary School, Ashton- 

u.-Lyne, 1905. 

WRIGHT, FRANCIS, Roxteth Hill, Harrow. 
WRIGHT, JESSIE, B.A., 1st class Hons. Classics, 1910; M.A., 1910; 

A.M. Fielden Demonstration School, Manchester. 1910; Bleackley 

Entrance Scholarship, 1906, and the Victoria Scholarship in Classics,. 

1909; Graduate Scholarship, 1910. 
WRIGHT, RICHARD BERTRAM, B.Sc., 1905; Science Master, Mirfield 

Grammar School, Yorkshire, 1905. 
WRIGLEY, MARION, B.A., 1904; M.A., 1909; Bacup P.T. Centre; 

Teachers' Diploma, 1904. 
WYATT, STANLEY, 131 Hayfield Road, Birch Vale, nr. Stockport. 

YATES, ADA B., 165 Edmund Street West, Rochdale. 

YATES, CLARA, 133 Beatrice Terrace, Darwen. 

YATES, EDWARD, B.Sc., 1903; A.M. Hotham Road Council School r 

Putney, S.W. 
YATES, JOHN WM., B.Sc., 1896; M.Sc., 1903; Science Master, Cowley 

Schools, St. Helens, 1904 ; Diploma in Education, Oxford, 1899. 
YELDHAM, ELSIE M., 11 Hinckley Road, Peckham, London, S.E. 
YOUNG, AMY B., 194 Drake Street, Rochdale; appointment in Rochdale. 
YOUNG, BERNARD, B.Sc., 1910; A.M. Frederick Road Council School, 

Salford. 

YOUNG, MARGARET, 7 Radnor Place, Birkenhead. 
YOUNG, MALCOLM, B.A., 1907; A.M. Hoxton House Boys L.C.C. School, 

Hoxton N. 
YOUNG, ROBERT, B.Sc., 2nd class Hons. Chemistry, 1910; 56 Chester 

Street, Oldham. 



134 
THE MANCHESTER (OWENS) CLUB. 

(Formed 1895.) 
OFFICERS, 1910. 

President : 

W. T. GOODE, M.A., 32, Arden Lodge, West Hill, Wandsworth, 
London, S.W. 

Past Presidents: 

1895-1902. W. T. GOODE, M.A. 1905. Prof. M. E. SADLER, M.A.,LL.D. 

1900-1902. Prof. H. L. WITHERS, M.A. 1906. Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., Ph.D. 
[L]. (Died Dec. 1902.) 1907. W. CARROLL, Mus.Doc. 

1903. VICE-CHANCELLOR HOPKINSON. 1908. H. THISELTON MARK, D.Lit., 

1904. Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., B.Sc. 

Ph.D. [L]. 1909. JOHN WHITESIDE, B.A. 

Vice-Presidents : 

Prof. J. J. FINDLAY, M.A., Ph.D. Prof. M. E. SADLER, M.A., LL.D. 
H. T. MARK, D.Lit., B.Sc. W. CARROLL, Mus.Doc. 

T. KEIGHLEY, Mus.Doc. 

H on. Treasurer : 
J. MOSELEY, St. Hilda's School, Old Trafford, Manchester. 

Hon. Secretary: 

JOHN LORD, B.A., Manley Park School, Manchester. 
The Objects of the Club: 

1. To promote a fellow-feeling among the members and create a bond 

of sympathy between past and present members of the College. 

2. To arrange for the He-unions of members ; one in summer and the 

other at Christmas. 

3. To keep a complete record of past and present members of the 

(Training) College. 

The Officers: 

The affairs of the Club are administered by the following officers, who 
are elected by the members : President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, 
Secretaries (internal a<nd external), and a Committee, consisting of the 
foregoing officers and ten other members, of whom seven shall be past 
Students and three shall be present Students (one for each year). 

Membership : 

All past and present Students (men) of the Department of Education 
are eligible for membership. 

Subscription : 

The Annual Subscription is one shilling. Life membership is ten 
shillings and sixpence. 



135 



ROLL OF MEN STUDENTS. 

(L = Life Member of Owens Club.) 

1890. 

Bailey, Charles James; Brickhill, Arthur A.; Brierley, Joseph; 
Brown, Thomas; Brown, John Thomas; Chester, William; Clegg, 
Samuel; Combes, James Y. ; Fullen, Harry; Jones, Arthur; Kellett, 
Ernest; Lawton, William; Mitchell, Herbert; (L) Nightingale, Thomas 
M. ; (L)Northrop, Frank; Pilcher, Herbert; Rayner, Thomas H. ; 
Rostron, Harold ; Sheppard, Arthur ; Smith, James H. ; (L) Taylor, 
George F. ; Trott, Herbert A. ; Whiteside, John ; Yates, Edward. 

1891. 

Adam, Alexander ; Bell, Neville S. ; (L) Bailey, Harold ; (L) Brear, 
Arthur ; Button, Frank ; Graham, James L. ; Grundey, Fred R. ; Hartt, 
Richard ; Heald, John F. ; Kemp, Paul ; Lord, John ; Moseley, John ; 
Nott, Arthur; Ormandy, Thos. K. ; Orrell, Walter W. ; (L) Pickford, 
George Hyde ; Parkinson, Thos. W. F. ; Pollitt, Samuel ; Rigg, George 
H. ; Rose, William A. ; Sample, John ; Sinkinson, James H. ; Smith, 
Thomas ; Thorley, Stanley W. ; (L) Thornton, Arthur L. ; Wilkinson, 
William; Whittaker, Chas. L. 

1892. 

Dawson, Harry ; Dewsnup, Ernest R. ; Dinsley, Chas. F. ; Goulden, 
Arthur F. ; Greenwood, William ; Hodson, Henry ; Hollingsworth, Wm. ; 
Lea, Thos. Henry ; Matson, Joseph ; Myles, Thos. H. ; (L) Race, 
William ; (L)Robson, Ernest S. A. ; Saxon, Robert ; Walsh, James T. ; 
Woods, Robert. 

1893- 

Ashworth, Alan H. ; Birnage, George A. ; Boardman, Ernest; Boyle, 
David H. ; Derbyshire, Harold E. ; Dewhurst, James ; Fallowfield, John 
E. ; Hague, John Cecil ; (L) Haynes, James H. ; Moss, Alexander ; 
Osbaldeston, Wm. G. ; Robertson, David T. S. ; Smith, Foster ; S.tans- 
field, Chas. S. ; Stephenson, Robt. J. ; Walker, William; Yates, John 
Wm. 



136 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

1894. 

Bateson, Thomas ; (L) Catterall, Ernest E. ; Davenport, George ; 
Duxbury, Robert J. ; Hall, William ; Howden, S. Percy ; Jones, J. R. ; 
Lord, John W. ; Lowe, Herbert J. ; (L) Moore, James H. ; (L) Naylor, 
Ernest B. ; Perkins, Henry ; Stansfield, Samuel ; Taylor, George W. ; 
Waite, Harold ; Waugh, William. 

1895. 

Barrow, James H. ; Birkby, John G. ; Brereton, Neville ; Hadfield, 
Benjamin ; Holmes, J. E. ; Jones, William C. ; Marshall, Jos. W. ; 
Scholfield, A. L. ; Siddall, F. 

1896. 

Armitstead, Henry M. ; Bowtell, Thos. H. ; Clarke, Amos ; Holmes, 
Frank W. ; Holmes, J. ; Lloyd, Wm. Thos. ; Markson, R. ; Openshaw, 
Frank ; Rowlandson, Robert ; Sanderson, A. S. ; Smith, William ; (L) 
Timpany, Harold M. ; Webster, Joseph S. Diploma : Bateson, Thomas ; 
Mark, H. Thiselton, Pollard, Francis Edward. 

1897. 

(L) Ewing, William P. ; Fairbourn, Wm. W. ; Fisque, A. W. ; 
Hamnett, F. G. ; Hindley, J. P. ; Hornby, T. B. ; Howard, Kennedy ; 
Law, Harold; Lister, Henry H. ; Mason, Harry H. ; Reid, Alexander; 
Saunsbury, Robt. ; South, Arthur ; Stringer, A. E. ; (L) Sumner, E. J. J 
Sutcliffe, Henry ; Ware, Rowland ; Wilson, Richard. 



Cooke, Matthew J. H. ; (L) Dawson, Shepherd ; Featherston, Sydney ; 
Fletcher, David ; Grindrod, Walton ; Hallsworth, Harry M. ; Helliwell, 
Hamlet; Holland, Robt.; Kain, Arthur; Morris, Alfred; Patchett, 
Joseph L. ; Rawlins, S. ; Rhodes, Edgar S. ; (L) Rigby, Joe ; Riley, 
Joseph ; Roe, Harry ; Russell, Ephraim ; Sargent, Samuel R. ; Telfer, 
James ; Thorp, Harold K. K. ; Williams, Robert B. 

1899. 

Bell, Albert H. ; Briggs, Frank ; Briggs, John T. ; Callister, Wm. 
E. ; (L) Charlesworth, John ; Clarkson, Fred ; Eckersley, William ; 
Gregson, Harry ; Hague, Harold ; Hesketh, R. H. ; Howard, George ; 
Jackson, Robert ; Jones, Ernest ; Larard, B. E. ; McGaw, S. A. ; Millman, 
Oliver J. ; Moseley, Fred ; Newton, C. V. ; Ogden, J. H. ; Robinson, 
John 0. ; Shaw, Daniel T. ; Smith, Frank W. ; Smith, George F. 
Diploma: Parker, George Henry; Smith, William. 



ROLL OF STUDENTS 137 

1900. 

Blain, John; Brian, Percy; Brown, Sydney; Carroll, John B. ; 
Crofts, George; Danson, George; Deakin, George Arthur ; Dean, Thomas ; 
(L) Fairbrother, William S. ; Fothergill, A. S. C. ; Gooch, Sydney; 
Hitchins, Ernest; Holden, Charles; Hoyle, Arthur E. ; Hudson, James 
H. ; Hughes, W. A.; Isherwood, J. G. ; Kirkman, James; Leach, 
Herbert; Looker, George Henry; Milloy, F. C. E. ; Mills, Charles; 
Bandies, Joseph; Rimmer, Travis; Roach, Jos. L. ; Rothwell, G. G. ; 
Sarginson, William; Smallwood, James; Smith, Frank; Sykes, Albert; 
Tucker, Basil; Turner, Harry; Walker, Edgar C. 

IQOI. 

Altham, Josiah G. ; Astbury, Alexander ; Baldwin, J. McL. ; Barber, 
J. ; Begg, W. ; Bengry, Percy H. ; Branson, J. C. S. ; Broome, J. S. ; 
David, Wm. J. ; Douglas, G. F. ; Duckworth, Samuel ; Hargreaves, 
Egerton ; Kindle, R. ; Hoyle, W. F. ; Loose, Albert N. ; Lowe, C. A. ; 
Martin, A. E. C. ; Nuttall, Harry ; Park, Edward C. ; Powell, Edward 
L. ; Priestnall, John ; Randall, Arthur ; (L) Sandif ord, Peter ; Tomlinson, 
M. ; Thompson, J. ; Tunnicliffe, B. ; Whiteley, J. H. ; Wright, Richard 
Bertram. Diploma: Bowtell, Thomas Henry. 

I9O2. 

Barker, W. B. ; Barton, Thomas ; Black, James ; Burton, J. R. ; 
Careswell, George M. ; Charnock, James ; Davies, F. ; Fielding, Wm. 
Richard ; Foster, Wm. Lewis ; Fulton, R. B. ; Gillman, Percy ; Gledhill, 
Walter; Graham, Joseph W. ; Heal, L. W. ; Hickling, George; Holden, 
Edmund H. ; Ireland, Clement A. ; Jones, Arthur ; Jones, Robert E. ; 
Mclntyre, C. ; Pennington, T. ; Rawsthorn, R. B. ; Rock, F.B. ; Rutter, 
G. ; Sheffield, J. R. ; Smith, E. ; Storey, G. ; Stringer, Wm. ; Topham, 
L. W. ; Towers, J. A.; Watton, S. L. ; Wildridge, A. W. Diploma: 
Brentnall, Harold Cresswell; Roper, Reginald Edward. 

1903. 

Athersmith, Albert E. ; Atkinson, Samuel J. ; Bell, James ; Bramwell, 
Frederick ; Bromley, Harry ; Burrell, Harry T. ; Cockcroft, Clement R. ; 
Dimmock, John ; Duffin, Henry C. ; Farrimond, Joseph ; Gibbs, W. H. ; 
Guest, George ; Hall, Sidney ; Hallworth, A. ; Hepple, C. ; Hoyle, David ; 
Hunsworth, Herbert; Ingham, Harry; Ingham, William; Jefferson, R. 
Ernest ; Jones, J. ; Maguire, Harry ; Marquis, F. J. ; Mather, Ernest ; 
Redfern, R. ; Redfern, Walter; Riley, Joseph W. ; Roberts, William; 
Royds, Thomas ; Simpson, Robert ; Smith, Frank ; Stevens, Robert H. ; 
Whalley, Harry; Whitehead, Arthur H. ; Whitnall, Edward J. ; 
Wilkinson, A. C. ; Wilson, Chas. W. ; Woodall, S. J. Diploma: Bonney, 
James Patterson; Lawrence, Eric Harold; Maltby, Samuel Edwin; 
Rhodes, John Edgar. 

J 



138 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

1904. 

Allcott, Arnold ; Anderson, Jesse ; Bancroft, Alf . E. ; Batley, W. 
A. ; Bellamy, Ernest A. ; Bennett, Harold ; Borland, H. B. ; Broadbent, 
John; Butterworth, Harwood; Butterworth, Stephen; Cavill, Charles; 
Cheetham, Fred. T. ; Colclough, T. P. ; Coleclough, H. Tudor ; Cottrell, 
Allin ; Dawson, James F. ; Dyke, T. J. ; Firth, Jos. E. ; Gerrard, Henry ; 
Hawkes, John H. ; Hill, James S. ; Ingham, Walter; Jones, Evan; 
Jones, Evelyn G. ; Jones, John W. ; Llewellyn, Benj. ; Mitchell, William; 
Morris, Andrew ; Pearson, David ;Rothwell, Harold ; Saunderson, Fred ; 
Shaw, Thomas ; Thornley, Frank ; Williams, George ; Young, Norman M. 
Diploma: Schulze, Douglas Gordon. 

1905. 

Adamson, Alexander ; Backhouse, Thomas ; Baron, William ; Beaton, 
Henry A. ; Binns, Alfred ; Booth, Thomas ; Boulton, Harry ; Bradshaw, 
G. A. ; Bunting, Samuel J. ; Byrne, George T. ; Castle, Leonard J. ; 
Cooke, Herbert S. ; Cox, Frank ; Dearden, Frank ; Downs, Edmund ; 
Draycott, Edwin G, ; Fairbrother, Fred ; Harcourt, Fredk. ; Harrison, 
Albert S. ; Hart, Eobt. C. H. ; Hayhurst, Walter ; Hemsley, Godfrey 
H.; Hitchin, Robt. P.; Holt, Francis K. ; Howarth, Walter; Hoyle, 
Arthur Wm. ; Hughes, Benjamin ; Jones, Edward ; Merrick, James ; 
Newns, Samuel J. ; Ormesher, William ; Oulton, Llewellin ; Parker, 
Walter T. ; Robinson, Lionel McD. ; Whittles, Willie; Williams, Fredk. 
J. ; Wormell, Chas. E. ; Wright, Francis. Diploma : Catterall, John 
Herbert ; Garnett, James Holden ; Kandel, Isaac Leon ; Marshall, Fred- 
erick William Dyson; Rees, Caleb; Stockton, Charles Edward. 

1906. 

Arnfield, William ; Bennett, Walter ; Burrell, W. W. ; Bury, Frank 
W. ; Charlton, Edwin J. ; Chater, Frank ; Clayton, Norman ; Eason 
Herbert A. ; Emmott, Robert ; Gatley, Andrew 0. ; Greenhalgh, Nat. 
Hill, Harry ; Hodgson, Thos. E. ; Holden, Henry S. ; Holmes, Thos. E. 
Hovell, Mark; Jackson, Isaac; Jackson, John; Johnson, N. Miller 
Jones, Percy; Marsden, Herbert; Mercer, Alfred; Morris, Tom D. 
Partington, James R. ; Riding, George A. ; Roscoe, Ernest ; Silverstone, 
Maurice ; Taylor, Albert ; Walmsley, George F. ; Whalley, George Wm. ; 
Whitehead, Tom ; Whittaker, Roslyn. Diploma : Green, Harold ; White- 
head, James Edward ; Woodall, Samuel James. 

1907. 

Adams, Joseph ; Aldred, Harold ; Barrow, Ernest J. ; Buckley, 
William H. ; Bullough, Joseph ; Clegg, Frederick B. ; Clegg, William A. ; 
Dootson, Percy ; Draycott, Ernest C. ; Ellis, Oliver C. de C. ; Fair- 



ROLL OF STUDENTS i 39 

clough, John ; Fawell, George S. ; Fee, Bernard W. ; Fielden, John R. ; 
Fox, Herbert ; Freeman, Peter ; Gibbs, George R. ; Greenhalgh, Jas. A. ; 
Hinchliffe, George H. ; Hurst, William T. ; Johnson, Wm. P. ; Lawson, 
Henry H. ; Liptrot, Richard, Maiden, Joseph P. ; McLeod, Hugh ; 
Morss, William L. ; Munro, James McV. ; O'Brien, Cornelius J. ; Phillips, 
James 0. R. ; Sankey, William H. ; Seddon, Fred ; Sutcliffe, Albert 0. ; 
Tunstall, John ; Tyson, Tom ; Varley, Benjamin ; Walmsley, William A. ; 
Willett, George; Willis, Frank; Woodhead, James; Young, Bernard. 
Diploma : Ellscher, Max H. ; Knott, Cyril Wakefield ; Laycock, Benjamin. 



1908. 

Barnes, Frederick R. ; Bateson, Hartley ; Blackshaw, Rowland ; 
Brierley, Wm. B. ; Brown, Tom ; Critchley, Frederick ; Curzon, Thomas ; 
Cuttler, George H. ; Dobson, James W. ; Duddle, William K. ; Edge, 
Vernon; Fothergill, George H. ; Gardner, Vincent; Hart, John W. ; 
Haythornthwaite, Wm. ; Holgate, Percy H. ; Hope, Harry ; Jackson, 
Ernest; Kay, John B. ; Lantsberry, George E. H. ; Lindsay, Henry; 
Montgomery, Walter ; Parlby, Joshua ; Pennington, Donald ; Platt, 
James C. ; Richards, Raymond S. ; Robinson, Arthur S. ; Round, Cecil ; 
Sargeant, Frank ; Searle, Milton M. ; Shatwell, Hugh G. ; Singleton, 
Frank C. ; Smith, Quinton L. ; Stirland, John ; Swallow, George H. ; 
Tomlinson, Hubert ; Tomlinson Wm. H. ; Vickers, Wilfred ; Ward, 
Percy F. ; White, Cecil ; Williams, Thos. A. ; Wilson, Albert K. ; 
Windass, Albert K. ; Winnard, John ; Wright, Arthur ; Young, Robert. 
Diploma : Charnley, Joseph ; Craven, Frederick Harold ; Guest, E. D. ; 
Red fern, Herbert Stanley. 



IQOQ. 

Adamson, George ; Atherton, James ; Barker, Robert B. ; Beverley, 
Walter ; Boddington, James E. ; Clayton, John A. ; Cohen, Simon ; 
Crick, Douglas W. ; Curzon, John R. ; Doyle, Arthur L. ; Elfenbaum, 
Arthur ; Furlong, William C. ; George, Ralph L. ; Gilliat, Frederick ; 
Gregory, William M. ; Guest, Peter H. ; Hall, George F. ; Higham, 
Joseph ; Kenyon, James ; Leigh, William B. ; Lowe, William H. ; 
McNamara, John; Moore, Arthur; Moore, Fred; Nelson, George F. ; 
Newbold, Augustus S. ; Pendlebury, James W. ; Pewtress, Alfred W. ; 
Pollitt, Frank H. ; Quayle, Mark; Ralphs, Arnold L. ; Shackleton, 
Walter; Shaw, William; Underwood, John M. ; Waddington, William 
W. ; Warburton, Stanley ; Warburton, Thomas M. ; Wareing, Joseph A. ; 
Waterhouse, Edgar; Whitehead, Cyril S. ; Willatt, John; Wyatt, 
Stanley. Diploma: Bell, John Murray; Bleakley, John Allen; Elstob, 
Wil frith ; Newbold, John Turner Walton. 



140 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

1910. 

Balshaw, Walter; Bishop, Wm. B. ; Breakell, Albert S.; Bury, 
James H. ; Caley, Chas. E. ; Crawford, Wm. ; Edwards, Joseph ; Eva, 
Wilfrid H. ; Gibson, Robert E. ; Gifford, Philip H. ; Grimshaw, Harold 
S. j Harrison, Frank A.; Haworth, Peter; Helm, John H. ; Higgins r 
Leonard T. ; Holt, Tom ; Howarth, Willis O. ; Hynes, James E. ; 
Jackson, Harold ; Jones, Henry L. ; Kaye, Wm. E. ; Kelly, Thomas J. ; 
Lee, Frederick H. ; Lees, Frank ; Lowe, Harry M. ; Lowe, John ; Lowe, 
William ; Lythgoe, Norman L. ; Mellor, Harry A. ; Morris, Harold R. ; 
Parker, James ; Pearsall, Wm. H. ; Pinder, Thomas S. ; Powell, Arthur 
L. ; Rogers, James ; Rowbotham, Albert ; Shaw, James ; Smethurst, 
Arthur ; Smith, Kenneth ; Stafford, Francis J. ; Struthers, William H. ; 
Varley, Russell ; Waite, Harold ; Watkins, Wm. M. ; Wilkinson, John 
J. ; Willatt, Richard L. ; Willis, Frederick Wm. Diploma: Dagutski, 
H. ; Meyer, J. H. ; Platt, Bevis. 



ROLL OF STUDENTS 141 



ROLL OF WOMEN STUDENTS. 
1892. 

Brindle, Florence Elizabeth ; Campbell, Emma M. ; Chadderton, 
Anna Leigh ; Davies, Margaret E. ; Henshaw, Esther Gertrude ; Hodges, 
Elizabeth ; Laycock, Henrietta ; Mansfield, Marion Maud ; Taylor, Edith 
L. 

1893. 

Bunting, Florence; Charlton, Nellie; Firth, Margaret Ann; Lee, 
Rose Evelyn ; Looker, Louisa Edith ; Northrop, Jessie M. ; Shaw, 
Harriet; Start, Laura Emily; Stott, Alice Elizabeth; Teggin, Lucy; 
Wilson, Louisa Margaretta; Wood, Jane Fearns. 

1894. 

Bagshaw, Edith M. ; Best, Rachel; Grime, Jessie; Hindshaw, 
Winifred ; Mitchell, Mary J. ; Reid, Annie M. ; Steward, Emma L. ; 
Talbot, Maud ; Walker, Lilian May. 

1895. 

Hopkins, Ellen ; Hopkins, Ethel ; Houghton, Elizabeth A. ; Lowe, 
Sarah H. Diploma: Marsland, Mary Kelsall. 

1896. 

Atkinson, Roberta M. M. ; Brentnall, Elizabeth, D. ; Brown, 
Catherine ; Bullough, Florence ; Burton, Marguerite ; Chambers, Ethel ; 
Derby, Emily ; Hughes, Marianne M. ; Jackson, Mary Matilda ; Kelly, 
Clara Julia; Kelsall, Ethel; Pattreiouex, Florence; Speakman, Eliza- 
beth. Diploma: Holme, Ursula; Regan, Margaret Mary. 

I8 97 . 

Barlow, Gertrude E. ; Day, Eugenie E. ; Dykes, Jessie ; Fletcher, 
Annie C. ; Grierson, Agnes A. ; Griffith, Henrietta C. ; Hargreaves, 
Louisa J. ; Lamb, Mary D. ; McHowat, Annie ; Paine, Frances C. ; 
Pepper, Margaret C. ; Taylor, Clara ; Taylor, Ethel ; Taylor, Mary H. ; 
Webster, Mary E. 

1898. 

Bagshaw, Liliam, Jane ; Birkby, Mary J. ; Corson, Hilda ; Dickerson, 
Emily; Dutton, Ethel; Edward, Nelly; Etchells, Clara J. ; Frow, 
Florence ; Hague, Florence M. ; Heath, Emily C. ; Hitchings, Florence ; 
Houghton, Agnes; Reid, Mary; Robertson, Jane C. ; Smith, May A. 
S. ; Stirling, Annie ; Stone, Gertrude ; Williams, Gladys H. ; Williamson, 
Lillian; Winfield, Henrietta S. ; Woolley, Bertha E. Diploma: Roberts, 
Eleanor. 



142 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

1899. 

Atkinson, Muriel Jessie Baronne; Baguley, Mary; Birkby, Lucy 
Eleanor; Bowtell, Louisa Minnie; Bullough, Louisa; Craig, Elsie; 
Derby, Mildred; Fletcher, Harriett Mary; Greenhalgh, Marian; Hind- 
shaw, Florence Pye ; Holt, Ellen W. ; Kirk, Frances May ; Middleton, 
Florence Jane; Peel, Selina; Quaas, Alma Emma; Ramsden, Agnes; 
Robinson, Ethel Frances ; Steele, Lily Henly ; Stott, Amy Jane ; Watson, 
Lily. Diploma: Johnston, Adeliza Norman. 

1900. 

Barton, Marion; Cartwright, Emily; Chadwick, Caroline; Dawson, 
Margaret; Dowler, Helen; Gowan, Edith Mary; Hadfield, Frances 
Ella; Hargreave, Nellie; Linforth, Edith M. E. ; McCormack, Margaret 
Lillian; Manock, Calliroy; Marsden, Dora; Marshall, Mary Elizabeth; 
Martin, Charlotte Nicoll; Naylor, Alice; Newton, Adelaide Ann, 
Parker, Irene ; Roscoe, Jessie ; Smith, May ; Swithenbank, Dora ; 
Thomasson, Elizabeth Ann ; Wadsworth, Nellie ; Webster, Mary E. ; 
Wilmore, Sarah Elizabeth ; Williams, Jessie. Diploma : Coignou, 
Caroline ; Elliott, Mabel Alice ; Gorst, Isabel Grant ; Needham, Eliza- 
beth ; Orr, Jessie Farquhar ; Slater, Winifred. 

I9OI. 

Bedford, Mabel Estella; Bullough, Alice; Clarke, Katherine; 
Clayton, Edith; Cliff, Rose Gertrude; Cocks, Mabel Angelina; Coxson, 
Esther Shelmerdine; Edwards, Gwendolen; Etchells, Rose; Hampson, 
Annie Farnworth ; Haughton, Amy ; Heap, Florence Annette ; Howarth, 
Aileen; Jackson, Mary; Lomas, Margaret Ann; Lord, Lillias Anne; 
Love, Jessie ; Marshall, Hannah Ethel ; Morgan, Aldwyth Kate ; Newton, 
Mary Hewitt; Shearman, Bertha; Twisse, Sarah; Waddington, Dorothy 
Constance ; Wilkinson, Dorothy C. ; Williams, Esther. Diploma : Bot- 
tomley, Winifred ; Chisholm, Alice Thornley ; Crawshaw, Kate ; Morris, 
Lucy; Patterson, Rosa. 

1902. 

Bottomley, Christine; Butterworth, Dora; Clague, Nessie; Farmer, 
Amy; Fraser, Kate; Garlick, Winifred; Hamilton, Elizabeth Georgina; 
Hewlett, Edith; Holmes, Helena Amy; Ingham, Sarah; Kershaw, 
Henrietta; Keyte, Margaret; Lindley, Henrietta; Matthias, Emily; 
Ormerod, Grace; Parkes, Margery Moyle; Ramsbottom, Sarah; Rea, 
Catherine; Robinson, Rona; Shephard, Ruth; Smith, Maud; Spencer, 
Mary; Stevenson, Maud; Wadsworth, Amy; Whale, Alice; Wood, 
Edith; Wright, Emily. Diploma: Crawshaw, Margaret; Dodge, Eva; 
Faraday, Lucy Winifred; Godson, Katherine; Jones, Gertrude Hilda; 
Prior, Theodora; Stevenson, Elsie Carolina; Thompson, Ethel. 



ROLL OF STUDENTS 143 

1903. 

Aydon, Matilda; Barker, Adeline; Brooks, Elizabeth; Clements, 
Sarah; Collins, Clara; Coward, Katherine; Craven, Clara; Duckworth, 
Clara or Christine; Edwards, Sarah; Entwisle, Maud; Goldstraw, 
Edith; Gordon, Beatrice; Green, Ellen; Hilton, Nellie; Howe, Ethel; 
Ingham, Amy; Law, Marion; Lisle, Minnie; Looker, Louisa; Lord, 
Emma; Moran, Florence; Moran, Margaret; Morgan, Annie; Muscott, 
Ethelreda; Neill, Mary; Norris, Dorothy; Pickles, Edna; Porter, Mary; 
Alice; Smith, Mabel; Stafford, Ethel; Warrington, Ida M. ; Whale, 
Lucy; Wood, Harriet Helena. Diploma: Boss, Elizabeth Wilson; 
Folkard, Muriel Bracewell; Hayhurst, Florence; Hiles, Isa Lockyer; 
Lejeune, Marion; Parker, Agnes; Williams, Jessie Gertrude; Woodcock, 
Ada Winifred; Wrigley, Marion. 



1904. 

Almond, Malide ; Brown, Maria S. ; Brown, Marion ; Chadwick, 
Edith Dorothy ; Cliff, Francisco Caroline ; Crosland, Esther ; Cussons, 
Mabel Olive; Gordon, Alice; Isgrove, Annie; Jackson, Winifred; 
Jenkins, Ruth Hope ; Johnson, Alice ; Johnson, Edith ; Johnston, 
Jemima; Kenyon, Alice; Kershaw, Edith May; Kershaw, Ethel; Lee, 
Ada; Litchfield, Agnes Muriel; Longbottom, Marion Rena; Marsh, 
Mabel Edith; Matthias, Sarah; Moncur, Janet; Moorfield, Bertha 
Mima; Nicholson, Jemima; Nightingale, Florence; Oddie, Eveline; 
Ormrod, Harriet Nora; Radford, Elizabeth; Riley, Mary; Rogers, 
Harriet Chorlton ; Shallis, Ethel ; Smith, Margaret Ann ; Snape, Nellie ; 
Southerst, Dora; Stephens, Mabel Winifred; Thompson, Muriel; Viner, 
Mary; Walsh, Gertrude Maud; Wilson, Winifred. Diploma: Barker, 
Florence Annie ; Brown, Florence Margaret ; Clarkson, Jessie Dewrance ; 
Cunliffe, Helen; Elliott, Ethel Mary Linder; Hall, Mary Elizabeth; 
Hawcridge, Marion; Heyhurst, Annie; Rollings, Evangeline; Horsfall, 
Dorothy; Hutton, Ellen Mary; Jones, Alice Maud; Jones, Dorothy 
Hepburn; Laidler, Josephine; Lumb, Lizzie; McDonald, Annie Jane; 
Nuttall, Annie Rose; Palmer, Olive; Popple, Lilian; Reynolds, Mary; 
Robinson, Edith Annie; Willis, Edith; Winstanley, Ethel; Worswick, 
Milliceait Frederica. 

1905. 

Auty, Pattie Eastham ; Benson, Mary ; Bent, Nancy Howarth ; Bloy, 
Marion Edna ; Coward, Dorothy G. ; Coward, Winifred Ethel ; Deakin, 
Mary Hannah; Dobson, Margaret Anne; Earnshaw, Elizabeth; Foster, 
Emily; Green, Amy Faith; Hall, Annie; Hall, Mary Jane Tuton; 
Harrison, E. Alice; Harrop, Dorothy; Hoare, Florence A.; Kay, 
Hannah; Layland, Anne H. ; Mitchell, Lilian; Mungall, Mary N. ; 



144 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

Naylor, Hannah; Noar, Constance Madge; Nunn, Florence; Osborne, 
Muriel ; Owens, Dora ; Paiton, Laura L. ; Powell, Olive ; Royle, Florence 
W. ; Sailman, Frances R. ; Sandiford, Mary ; Smith, Jennie J. ; Sower- 
butts, Hilda ; Taylor, Mabel A. ; Taylor, Sarah ; Wigley, Elsie M. ; 
Williams, Margaret; Wise, Lydia B. Diploma: Horsfall, Mary Grace; 
Ramsden, Annie; Stevenson, Rose Evelyn; Taylor, Emily Howson; 
Wilkinson, Marion; Willis, Janet Caroline Nicholson. 



1906. 

Ainscough, Clara J. ; Anderson, Selina ; Clough, Lilian ; Crowe, 
Mildred M. ; Diggle, Elizabeth; Epstein, Sprinzie; Fielden, Sarah; 
Fielding, Mabel ; Ford, Ethel ; Gatley, Amy ; Graham, Elizabeth ; Green, 
Eveline; Green, Muriel M. ; Hallas, Elizabeth; Hordley, Edith M. ; 
Keyte, Emily ; Lord, Cecily Eveline ; Marsland, Sarah E. ; Mather, Iza 
H. ; Mellor, Lily ; Nessis, Bella ; Norris, Sarah ; Parkin, Amy B. ; 
Parkinson, Sarah A. ; Petford, Ida W. ; Pickup, Emily ; Potts, Ella ; 
Pownall, Rose ; Ratcliffe, Lillian W. ; Reed, Agnes ; Richmond, Ethel ; 
Rose, Mabel; Rutter, Marion; Scholes, Margaret Kershaw; Sharp, 
Annie ; Sheldon, Ada ; Simpson, Frances Eunice ; Stone, Edith A. ; 
Taylor, Ethel; Thomasson, Emily; Topping, Elizabeth; Webster, 
Gladys ; Webster, Lily ; Weyer, Elsie F. ; White, Margaret ; Wilkinson, 
Pattie; Williams, Annie; Williams, Margaret; Wilson, Edith; Wood, 
Lucy ; Woods, Medora ; Wright, Jessie ; Yeldham, Elsie M. Diploma : 
Adams, Violet Denise; Beecroft, Jennie; Burke, Laura; Evans, 
Gwladys; Holmes, Margaret Jane; Saunderson, Constance Margaret; 
Smith, Robina Bisset; Stocks, Winifred Alice; Wardlow, Ethel. 



1907. 

Ashcroft, Margaret; Bowker, Eliza; Brooks, Selina; Bury Mabel; 
Clark, Ada Margaret; Crowcroft, Olive Mary; Cuttill, Kathleen; 
Desden, Alice; Drinkwater, Lilas; Duncan, Elizabeth; Firth, Edna; 
Haigh, Alice; Haigh, Helen; Hall, Ruth; Halstead, Annie; Hesketh, 
Edith M. ; Heslam, Alice Margaret ; Hetherington, Emily M. ; 
Houghton, Clara; Howells, Ethel N. ; Karfoot, Bertha; Lunn, Flor- 
ence ; Marsland, Sarah ; Matthias, Florence ; Mitchell, Nellie ; Pearson, 
Katie M. ; Porter, Emily ; Robinson, Catherine ; Ross, Agnes L. ; 
Simpson, Fanny; Simpson, Mary; Smethurst, Annie; Smith, Mary; 
Weston, Elsie M.; Winstanley, Maude; Wood, Elinor; Worrall, Bessie. 
Diploma: Cooper, Mary; Harvey, Amy Cecilia; Horrocks, Adelaide; 
Leah, Annie; Paull, Margaret Caroline; Picton, Grace Ethel; Price, 
Ethel Norah. 



ROLL OF STUDENTS 145 

1908. 

Atherton, Clara ; Bamber, Edith ; Bann, Emily G. ; Bevan, Ellen 
M. ; Botham, Elsie M. ; Boyes, Sybil; Brewer, Gladys L. ; Burrow, 
Alice; Caldecote, Florence; Caiman, Kathleen M. ; Catchpoule, Mabel 
J. ; Catton, Annie S. ; Connolly, Ellen F. ; Cottrell, Rhoda ; Curtis, 
Margaret ; Davies, Marion M. ; Desden, Amena A. ; Drummond, Edith 
E. ; Fox, Ethel A. ; Grant, Constance N. ; Grime, Mabel M. ; Hancock, 
Mabel M. ; Heginbotham, Marion Dorothea ; Hodson, Eunice ; Horsley, 
Ellen T. ; Isaac, Edith M. ; Jackson, Dora ; James, Grace ; Jones, Norah 
K. ; King, Constance; Leach, Ellen; McGregor, Flora B. ; Middlehurst, 
Ada E. ; Molyneux, Maude W. ; Noble, Annie; Parker, Mary J. ; 
Quayle, Alice ; Single, Annie ; Story, Jeanie D. ; Suthers, Nellie ; Syers, 
Annie G. ; Thorley, Hilda ; Tilley, Eva M. ; Turner, Winifred ; 
Waddington, Marie; Wakefield, Florrie; Walford, Dora; Waterhouse, 
Came W. ; Wilby, Florence; Wilcock, Alice E. ; Wheeler, Edith H. ; 
Wragg, Florence; Young, Amy B. Diploma: Barber, Mabel Mary; 
Bedson, Muriel Alice; Beeley, Annie Howard; Bell, Minnie Josephine; 
Brodie, Elizabeth Janet ; Clayton, Mary ; Goudie, Grace ; Hanna, Norah ; 
Hardie, Violet Helen; McLaine, Helen Margaret; Redfearn, Elsie 
Mary; Sargent, Elsie Katherine; Speakman, Ethel. 

1909. 

Ashworth, Maggie ; Belt, Gertrude, A. ; Boorne, Margaret G. ; 
Carter, Catherine ; Chandler, Dora L. ; Cowgill, Mary E. E. ; Crosland, 
Dorothy ; Crowe, Norah J. ; Daughtry, Irene ; Eckersley, Ida M. ; 
Finch, Mary ; Fox, Ada Winifred ; Goodison, Winifred M. ; Gordon, 
Daisy H. ; Griffiths, Bertha May; Griffiths, Mabel G. ; Hadfield, 
Elizabeth; Hooper, Elsie M. ; Howells, Margaret H. ; Huxtable, Louisa; 
Johnson, Edith A. ; Jones, Myfanwy ; Knight, Ethel F. ; Leah, Edith 
H. ; Le Mare, Margaret S. E. ; Lomas, Lucy M. ; Marsden, Amy ; 
Matthias, Eveline ; Moss, Emily A. ; Ormrod, Lucy ; Orrell, Mabel E. ; 
Parkinson, Elizabeth ; Partington, Winifred ; Pearce, Annie E. ; Pedder, 
Ethel May ; Quayle, Gladys E. ; Reynolds, Hilda M. ; Rickleton, 
Beatrice ; Rodgers, Edith ; Smith, Annie ; Stewart, Charlotte May ; 
Street, Constance; Swaine, Elsie Newton; Swann, Nellie; Webster, 
Louie C. ; Wilson, Enid E. ; Yates, Ada B. ; Young, Margaret. Diploma: 
Ashton, Martha ; Bailey, Ethel ; Barnes, Grace ; Fairhurst, Rhoda ; Jollie, 
Katherine. 

1910. 

Abbott, Dorothy ; Aitken, Gladys M. E. ; Ascroft, Florence S. ; 
Banks, Margaret W. ; Beck, Louisa ; Benson, Hannah ; Berry, Annie ; 
Boag, Elsie R. ; Bray, Nora ; Brindley, Florence ; Brown, Margaret M. ; 



146 ROLL OF STUDENTS 

Butterfield, Edith M. ; Calverley, Vera ; Cartwright, Elsie ; Chesworth, 
Nellie; Clarke, Hebe; Emmett, Mary E. ; Gough, Sarah; Hanna, Eva; 
Hardman, May ; Heap, Nellie ; Hey, Frances S. ; Higgins, Gertrude T. ; 
Higson, Evelyn ; Hill, Catherine H. ; Hodgkinson, Gladys ; Howarth, 
Gladys ;Hyslop, Margaret; Jackson, Nora; Kay, Helen E. B. ; Lea, 
Barbara B. ; Mackenzie, Doris S. ; Mainwaring, Dorothy ; Mellor, Jessie 
M. ; Mercer, Jenny ; Parkin, Mary W. ; Pearson, Olive M. ; Pickles, 
Edith A. ; Richardson, Elizabeth A. ; Riley, Hannah ; Roberts, Lizzie ; 
Robertson, Hannah L. D. ; Shackleton, Ruth G. ; Shaw, Marion ; 
Snelson, Laura J. ; Thompson, Doris ; Waite, Dorothy H. ; Wareing, 
Marion; Waterhouse, Hilda; Weaver, Ethel; Weston, Dorothy; 
Williamson, Alice F. A.; Wood, Sarah A.; Yates, Clara. Diploma: 
Barkell, Lilian N. ; Blake, C. E. Bridget ; Bock, Charlotte M. V. ; 
Bowman, Flor. R. ; Byrne, Alice M. P. ; Cooke, Martha E. ; Craig, 
Robina Y. ; Dixey, Gladys N. ; Emerson, Gladys N. ; Fairhurst, Susie ; 
Fletcher, Ruth M. ; Matthias, Emily ; Suddards, Ida ; Watson, Mary. 

We understand that the women students contemplate a Society similar 
in scope and character to the Manchester (Owens) Club mentioned 
above. ED. 



Publications 



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University of Manchester 



SHERRATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 

ANATOMICAL SERIES. 

No. I. STUDIES IN ANATOMY from the Anatomical Department 

of the University of Manchester. Vol. iii. Edited by ALFRED H. 

YOUNG, M.B. (Edin.), F.R.C.S., Professor of Anatomy. Demy 8vo 

pp. ix. 189, 23 plates. 10s. net. (Publication No. 10, 1906.) ' 

" This forms the third volume of the Studies in Anatomy issued by 

the Council, and contains contributions of considerable interest. The 

volume is well printed and bound. It speaks well for the activity of 

investigation at Manchester." Lancet. 

" The volume is well got up and is evidence of the continuation of the 
excellent work which has been carried on for so long a period, under 
Professor A. H. Young's supervision, and has been encouraged and 
stimulated by his own work." British Medical Journal. 

BIOLOGICAL SERIES. 

No. I. THE HOUSE FLY. Musca domestica (Linnaeus). A Study of its 
Structure, Development, Bionomics and Economy. By C. GORDON 
HEWITT, D.Sc., Dominion Entomologist, Ottawa, Canada, and late 
Lecturer in Economic Zoology in the University of Manchester. 
Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 200, 10 plates. 20s. net. 

(Publication No. 52, 1910.) 

" The book is concisely written and beautifully illustrated by coloured 
plates." Lancet. 

"In the first the author deals with the anatomy of the fly, in the 
second with the habits, development, and anatomy of the larva, and in 
the third with the bionomics, allies, and parasites of the insect, and its 

relations with human disease The book affords an excellent 

illustration of the amount of original and useful work that may be done 
on the commonest and best known of animals." Nature. 

" Of the book itself, it may be said that it is a model of its kind." 

Athenceum. 

CELTIC SERIES. 

No. I. AN INTRODUCTION TO EARLY WELSH. By the late Prof. 
J. STRACHAN, LL.D. Demy 8vo, pp. xvi. 294. 7s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 40, 1908.) 

" The Grammar as a whole is of course a very great advance on the 
pioneer work of Zeuss ; Dr. Strachan had fuller and more accurate texts 
to work with, and possessed a knowledge probably unsurpassed of the 
results of recent progress in Celtic philology, which he himself did so 
much to promote." Professor Morris Jones in the Manchester Guardian. 
" The work is an excellent introduction to the study of early Welsh. 
We can strongly recommend it to Welsh students ; it is undoubtedly a 
work which no student of Celtic literature can afford to be without." 

North Wales Guardian. 

" The work is destined, of course, to become the text-book in early 
Welsh wherever taught." Western Mail. 

No. II. THE LANGUAGE OF THE ANNALS OF ULSTER. By 
TOMAS O'MAILLE* M.A., Professor of Instruction in University 

College, Galway. Demy 8vo, pp. xiii. 220. 7s. 6d. net. 

Publication No. 53, 1910.) 

The objects of this dissertation are firstly to investigate the date at 
which certain old-Irish phonological developments took place, an<? 
secondly to give an account of old-Irish declension as evidenced by tht 
language of the Annals of Ulster. An Appendix on the analysis of 
Irish personal names is appended. 

84, Cross Street, Manchester * 



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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
CLASSICAL SERIES. 

No. I. A STUDY OF THE BACCHAE OF EUKIPIDES. By G. 
NORWOOD M.A., Assistant Lecturer in Classics. Demy 8vo, pp. xx, 
188. 5s. net. (Publication No. 31, 1908.) 

" The interest of Mr. Norwood's book, which ... is a very welcome 
addition to the bibliography of Euripides, and a scholarly and interesting 
piece of work, displaying erudition and insight beyond the ordinary, 
lies in the way in which, by applying Dr. Verrall's methods .... he 
first shows up difficulties and inconsistencies, some of which have hardly 
been noticed before .... and then produces his own startling theory, 
which he claims is the great solvent of all the perplexities." 

Saturday Review. 

"Unless very strong evidence can be produced against Mr. Norwood's 
view, it must be accepted as the true solution of the problem. . . . Mr. 
Norwood is generally clear, and abounds in illuminating thoughts. He 
has added a full bibliography (running to twenty-three pages) of writings 
on Euripides, and for this every scholar will offer his sincere thanks. 
. . . He has done a very good piece of work." Athenaeum. 

"This volume forms the first of a Classical Series projected by the 
Manchester University, who are to be congratulated on having begun 
with a book so original and full of interest. ... It is admirably argued, 
and is instinct with a sympathetic imagination. It is, at the very least, 
an extremely able attempt to solve a very complex problem." 

Manchester Guardian. 

"Mr. Norwood's book has even in the eyes of a sceptic the considerable 
merit of stating the hypothesis in a very thoroughgoing and able 
manner, and at least giving it its full chance of being believed." 

Professor Gilbert Murray in the Nation. 

" L'interpretation de M. Norwood est certainement tres ingenieuse; 
elle est meme tres seduisante." Revue Critique. 

ECONOMIC SERIES. 

No. I. THE LANCASHIRE COTTON INDUSTRY. By S. J. 
CHAPMAN, M.A., M. Com., Stanley Jevons Professor of Political 
Economy and Dean of the Faculty of Commerce. Demy 8vo, pp. 
vii. 309. 7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 4, 1904.) 

"Such a book as this ought to be, and will be, read far beyond the 
bounds of the trade." Manchester Guardian. 

"There have been books dealing with various phases of the subject, 
but no other has so ably treated it from the economic as well as from 
the historical point of view." Manchester Courier. 

"The story of the evolution of the industry from small and insignificant 
beginnings up to its present imposing proportions and highly developed 
and specialised forms, is told in a way to rivet the attention of the 

reader the book is a valuable and instructive treatise on a 

fascinating yet important subject." Cotton Factory Times. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 1.) 

No. II. COTTON SPINNING AND MANUFACTURING IN THE 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. By T. W. UTTLEY, B.A., 
Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 70. Is. net. 

(Publication No. 8, 1905.) 

"The writer gives ample details concerning wages and other features 
connected with typical mills . . . and the information thus gathered is 
of interest and value to the factory operative as well as the student and 
economist." Cotton Factory Times. 

" Mr. Uttley describes how he visited the mills in various States in a 
very systematic and detailed manner. Altogether the report makes an 
admirable and welcome collection of information, and will be found on 
many occasions worthy of reference." Textile Mercury. 

2 34, Cross Street. Manchester 



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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
ECONOMIC SERIES. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 2.) 

No. III. SOME MODERN CONDITIONS AND RECENT 
DEVELOPMENTS IN IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTION IN 
AMERICA, being a Report to the Gartside Electors, on the results 
of a Tour in the U.S.A. By FRANK POPPLEWELL, B.Sc., Gartside 
Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 126. Is. net. 

(Publication No. 21, 1906.) 

" Mr. Popplewell gives a clear exposition of the results of specialisa- 
tion in production, of the development of ore-handling machinery, and 
of the general use of the charging machine, features that characterise 
American practice. He shows, too, that the colossal blast-furnace with 
huge yield due to high-blast pressure, regardless of consumption of steam 
and boiler coal, is giving place to a blast furnace of more modest 
dimensions. . . . 

" The impression derived from reading Mr. Popple well's report is that 
many of the most striking developments, admirable as they are, were 
designed to meet special wants, and are not necessarily applicable in 
Great Britain." Nature. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 3.) 

No. IV. ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL CONDITIONS 
IN THE UNITED STATES. By FRANK FOSTER, M.Sc., Gartside 
Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. ix. 106. Is. net. 

(Publication No. 22, 1906.) 

" The report under review is of very great interest to those connected 
with the manufacturing branch of engineering in this country, many of 
whom will have to relinquish their preconceived notions regarding 
American methods, if Mr. Foster's conclusions are to be accepted." 

Electrical Review. 

No. V. THE RATING OF LAND VALUES. By J.D. CHORLTON, M.Sc 
Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 177. 3s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 23, 1907. ) 

"The first half of this book deserves to become a classic 

is one of the best books on a practical economic question that has 
appearect lor many years. It is not only scientifically valuable, but so 
well written as to be interesting to a no vice on the subject." The Nation. 

"A very businesslike and serviceable collection of essays and notes on 
this intricate question." Manr.liexter Guardian. 

"Mr. Chorlton deals clearly and concisely with the whole subject of 
rating and land values." The. Standard. 

"The impartiality and candour of Mr. Chorlton's method are beyond 
dispute, and his book will repay careful study by all who are interested 
in the question, from whatever motive." Westminster Gazette. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 4.) 

So. VI. DYEING IN GERMANY AND AMERICA. By SYDNEY 
H HIGGINS M.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy Svo, pp. xiii. 112. 
Is. net. (Publication No. 24, 1907.) 

" The book will . . make a valuable addition to the technical litera- 
ture of this country." Tribune. 

"The work is one which .... should receive the attention of those 
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dustries." Textile Manufacturer. 

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ECONOMIC SERIES. 

No. VII. THE HOUSING PROBLEM IN ENGLAND. By 
ERNEST RITSON DEWSNUP, M.A., Professor of Railway Economics in 
the University of Chicago. Demy 8vo, pp. vii. 327. 5s. net. 

(Publication No. 25, 1907.) 

" Professor Dewsnup's book on the housing problem consists of three 
distinct parts, each of which is a valuable contribution to economic 
science. In Part I, Professor Dewsnup tries to give a clear and definite 
account of the evil with which authorities in England are called upon 
to cope. Avoiding all special pleading and all evidence of the sensational 
kind which is apt to give a false idea of the extent and intensity of the 
evil of overcrowding, he does not on the other hand fall into the error 
of minimizing the evil. 

" In Part II, Professor Dewsnup gives a most excellent and well- 
digested summary of the legislation which has been passed by Parlia- 
ment since 1851 to cope with the evils of overcrowded houses, and of 
overcrowded areas. 

"In Part III, the strictly informational and statistical work of the 
previous parts is utilized by the author to support his own conclusions 
as to the best methods of dealing with the proolem of overcrowding. 

" Whether or not the reader agrees with Professor Dewsnup in the 
conclusions he draws from his data, every student of economics must 
be grateful to him for the accuracy and care which have gone into the 
collection and arrangement of his material." The American Political 
Science Review, vol. iii, No. 1, February, 1909. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 5.) 

Xo. VTII. AMERICAN BUSINESS ENTERPRISE. By DOUGLAS 
KNOOP, M.A., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 128. Is. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 30, 1907.) 

"The book is calculated to give a clear and accurate description, 
" essentially intended for the general reader," and the author has quite 
rightly eliminated everything of a technical character, giving his theme 
both the simplicity and the interest that are required. . . . The work 
might well have been doubled in length without any loss of interest. . . . 
Invaluable as a text-book." The Economic Journal. 

" Should on no account be missed, for it is a very good attempt at a 
survey of the enormous field of American business in the true and 
judicial spirit." Pall Matt Gazette. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 6.} 

No. IX. THE ARGENTINE AS A MARKET. By N. L. WATSOI*. 
M.A.. Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 64. Is. net. 

(Publication No. 33, 1908.) 

"A valuable and thorough examination of the conditions and future 
of Argentine commerce." Morning Leader. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 7.) 

No. X. SOME ELECTRO-CHEMICAL CENTRES. By J. N. Pring, 
M.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 137. Is. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 41, 1908.) 

" Concise, business-like, and furnished with some valuable papers of 
statistics, the report will prove well worthy of the study of anyone 
specially interested in this subject." Scotsman. 

" The reviewer says unhesitatingly that this 

Gartside Report is the best all-round book on industrial electro- 
chemistry that has so far come to his notice." Electro-chemical and 
Metallurgical Industry, May, 1909. 

4 84, Cross Street, Manchester 



SHERRATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
ECONOMIC SERIES. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 8.) 

No. XI. CHEMICAL INDUSTRY ON THE CONTINENT. By 
Harold Baron, B.Sc., Gartside Scholar. Demy 8vo, pp. xi, 71. 
Is. 6d. net. (Publication No. 44, 1909.) 

"Well informed, well systematised, and written with businesslike 
precision, it deserves the attention of everyone interested in its 
subject." Scotsman. 

"For a good general account of the chemical industry on the Con- 
tinent we think this report, so far as it goes, to be an excellent one and 
is, moreover, unlike many works on the subject, interesting to read." 

Chemical Trades Journal. 
"Clearly and intelligently handled." The Times. 

No. XII. UNEMPLOYMENT. By Prof. S. J. CHAPMAN, M.A., 
M.Com., and H. M. HALLSWORTH, M.A., B.Sc. Demy 8vo, pp. xvi. 
164. 2s. net, paper, 2s. 6d. net, cloth. (Publication No. 45, 1909. ) 

"On the whole, the authors offer a solid contribution, both as regards 
facts and reasoning, to the solution of a peculiarly difficult and pressing 
social problem." Cotton Factory Times. 

". . . reproduces in amplified form a valuable set of articles, giving the 
results of an investigation made in Lancashire, which lately appeared in 
the Manchester Guardian. By way of Introduction we have an examina- 
tion, not previously published, of the Report of the Poor-law Commission 
on Unemployment. There is a large accompaniment of Charts and 
Tables, and indeed the whole work bears the mark of thoroughness." 

Guardian. 

(GARTSIDE REPORT, No. 9). 

No. XIII. THE COTTON INDUSTRY IN SWITZERLAND, 
VORARLBERG AND ITALY. A Technical and Economic Study. 
By S. L. BESSO, LL.B. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 229. 3s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 54, 1910.) 

"The large amount of information gathered has been carefully 
arranged. . . . The work is a worthy one, interesting to the general 
reader, and valuable to the captain of commerce, and inevitably suggests 
the desirability of having the remaining countries of the Continent 
similarly surveyed .... this volume, which is well worth careful 
study by all who are interested in the social and economic conditions 
of textile workers abroad." The Cotton Factory Times. 

" This volume may be heartily commended to the attention of all 
persons interested in every phase of cotton mill economics, and we 
congratulate Mr. Besso on the admirable manner in which he has set 
forth the results of his painstaking investigations. In these days of 
international comparisons, a series of volumes dealing in this way with 
every industrial country would be of considerable value to students of 
industrial and commercial affairs." The Textile Mercury. 

" . . . . the facts and statistics the author marshals so clearly .... 
a skilled investigator. For the rest, this volume does infinite credit 
alike to the author and to his University." Morning Leader. 

EDUCATIONAL SERIES. 

No. I. CONTINUATION SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND & ELSEWHERE. 
Their place in the Educational System of an Industrial and Com- 
mercial State. By MICHAEL E. SADLER, M.A., LL.D., Professor of 
the History and Administration of Education. Demy 8vo, pp. xxvi. 
779. 8s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 29, 1907.) 

This work is largely based on an enquiry made by past and present 
Students of the Educational Department of the University of 
Manchester. Chapters on Continuation Schools in the German 
Empire, Switzerland, Denmark, and France, have been contributed 
by other writers. 

33, Soho Square, London, W. 5 

K 



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MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
EDUCATIONAL SERIES. 

CONTINUATION SCHOOLS (Continued). 

" gives a record of what the principal nations are doing in the 

prolongation of school work. It is invaluable as a corpus of material 
from which to estimate the present position of the world so far as its 
analogies touch Britain in * further education,' as the phrase is." 

The Outlook. 

" The most comprehensive book on continuation schools that has yet 
been issued in this country." Scottish Review. 

" This book will for many years remain the standard authority upon 
its subject." The Guardian. 

" The whole question is discussed with an elaboration, an insistence on 
detail, and a wisdom that mark this volume as the most important 
contribution to educational effort that has yet been made." 

Contemporary Review. 

" The subject of the work is one that goes to the very heart of 
national education, and the treatise itself lays bare with a scientific but 
humane hand the evils that beset our educational system, the waste of 
life and national energy which that system has been unable in any 
sufficient degree to check." The Spectator. 

" It is a treasure of facts and judicious opinions in the domain of the 
history and administration of education." The Athenaeum. 

No. II. THE DEMONSTRATION SCHOOLS RECORD. No. I. 
Being Contributions to the Study of Education from the Department 
of Education in the University of Manchester. By J. J. FINDLAT, 
M.A., Ph.D., Sarah Fielden Professor of Education. Demy 8vo, 
pp. viii. 126. Is. 6d. net. (Publication No. 32, 1908.) 

" Professor Findlay and his skilled and experienced collaborators give 
an interesting account of the uses of the demonstration classes, the 
nature and scope of the work done in them, and the methods adopted 
(as well as the underlying principles) in some of the courses of instruc- 
tion." The Athenceum. 

" The book gives an instructive account of the attempts made to 
correlate the subjects of school instruction, not only with each other, but 
also with the children's pursuits out of school hours. . . . The problem 
Professor Findlay has set himself to work out in the Demonstration 
School is, How far is it possible by working with the children through 
successive culture epochs of the human race to form within their minds 
not only a truer conception of human history, but also eventually a 
deeper comprehension of the underlying purpose and oneness of all 
human activities ?" Morning Post. 

No. III. THE TEACHING OF HISTORY IN GIRLS' SCHOOLS 
IN NORTH AND CENTRAL GERMANY. A Report by EVA 
DODGE, M.A., Gilchrist Student. Demy 8vo, pp. x. 149. Is. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 34, 1908.) 

"We cordially recommend this most workmanlike, and extremely 
valuable addition to pedagagogic literature." Education. 

" Miss Dodge has much of interest to say on the limitations and 
defects of history-teaching in girls' schools, but the real contribution 
of this book is its revelation of how the history lesson can be made a 
living thing." Glasgow Herald. 

" Gives a clear and detailed account of two well-organised schemes 
of historical teaching in Germany." School World. 

No. IV. THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN THE 
UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER, 1890-1911, Demy 8vo, 
146 pp. Is. 6d. net, paper ; 2s. 6d. net, cloth. 

(Publication No. 58, 1911.) 

34, Cross Street, Manchester 



SHEURATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
ENGLISH SERIES. 

No. I. THE LITERARY PROFESSION IN THE ELIZABETHAN 
AGE. By PH. SHEAVYN, M.A., D.Lit., Special Lecturer in English 
Literature and Tutor for Women Students ; Warden of the Hall of 
Residence for Women Students. 

A series of brief studies dealing with the conditions amidst which the 
profession of literature was pursued under Elizabeth and James I. It 
treats of their relations with patrons, publishers, and reading public, and 
with various authorities exercising legal control over the press ; and 
discusses the possibility of earning a sufficient livelihood, in this period, 
by the proceeds of literary work. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 221. 5s. net. 

(Publication No. 49, 1909.) 

" . . . . scholarly and illuminating book. It opens a new series in 
the Manchester University publications, and opens it with distinction. 
A more elaborately documented or more carefully indexed work need 
not be desired. The subject is an engrossing one; and, although the 
author has aimed rather at accuracy and completeness than at the arts of 
entertainment, the result remains eminently readable." 

Manchester Guardian. 

" Quite interesting to the general literary reader as well as to the 
special student for whom, perhaps, it is directly meant. We are always 
ready to read of the Elizabethan age in authorship, and it loses none 
of its attractions in Miss Sheavyn's hands." Daily Chronicle. 

" A series of studies that will be valuable to everyone interested 
in the history of literature." Daily Mail. 

No. II. BEOWULF : Edited, with Introduction, Notes, and Glossary, by 
W. J. SEDGEFIELD, Litt.D., Lecturer in English Language. 
Demy 8vo, pp. xii. 300. 9s. net. (Publication No. 55, 1910.) 

" It is his carefulness in this matter of the text that will win Mr. 
Sedgefield the chief thanks of students. This record of variants is full 
and accurate, and the fuller notes which follow the text itself should 
be very helpful both to the pupil and the expert. In the glossarial 
index Mr. Sedgefield has accomplished a task hitherto unattempted 
in England." Manchester Guardian. 

HISTORICAL SERIES. 

No. I. MEDIEVAL MANCHESTER AND THE BEGINNINGS 
OF LANCASHIRE. By JAMES TAIT, M.A., Professor of Ancient 
and Mediaeval History. Demy 8vo, pp. x. 211. 7s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 3, 1904.) 

"Patient and enlightened scholarship and a sense of style and pro- 
portion have enabled the writer to produce a work at once solid and 
readable." English Historical Review. 

"A welcome addition to the literature of English local history, not 
merely because it adds much to our knowledge of Manchester and 
Lancashire, but also because it displays a scientific method of treatment 
which is rare in this field of study in England." Dr. Gross in American 
Historical Review. 

" La collection ne pouvait debuter plus significativement et plus heure- 
usement que par un ouvrage d'histoire du Moyen Age du a M. Tait, car 
1'enseignement medieviste est un de ceux qui font le plus d'honneur a 
la jeune Universite de Manchester, et c'est a M. le Professeur Tait qu'il 
faut attribuer une bonne part de ce succes." Revue de Synthese 
historique. 

33. Soho Square, London, W. 7 



SHERRATT & HUtiHKS 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS- 

HISTORICAL SERIES. 

No. II. INITIA OPERUM LATINORUM QUAE SAECULIS XIIL, 
XIV., XV. ATTRIBUUNTUR. By A. G. LITTLE, M.A., Lecturer 
in Palaeography. Demy 8vo, pp. xiii. 273 (interleaved) . (Out of print. ) 

(Publication No. 5, 1904.) 

"Whoever has attempted to ascertain the contents of a Mediaeval 
miscellany in manuscript must often have been annoyed by the occurrence 
of a blank space where the title of the treatise ought to be. Mr. Little 
has therefore earned the gratitude of all such persons by making public 
a collection of some 6,000 incipits, which he arranged in the first instance 
for his private use, in compiling a catalogue of Franciscan MSS." 

English Historical Review. 

No. III. THE OLD COLONIAL SYSTEM. By GERALD BERKELEY 
HERTZ, M.A., B.C.L., Lecturer in Constitutional Law. Demy 8vo, 
pp. xi. 232. 5s. net. (Publication No. 7, 1905.) 

"Mr. Hertz gives us an elaborate historical study of the old colonial 

system, which disappeared with the American Revolution He 

shows a remarkable knowledge of contemporary literature, and his book 
may claim to be a true history of popular opinion." Spectator, 

"Mr. Hertz's book is one which no student of imperial developments 
can neglect. It is lucid, fair, thorough, and convincing." 

Glasgow Herald. 

" Mr. Hertz's ' Old Colonial System ' is based on a careful study of 
contemporary documents, with the result that several points of no small 
importance are put in a new light .... it is careful, honest work .... 
The story which he tells has its lesson for us." The Times. 

" Both the ordinary reader and the academic mind will get benefit 
from this well-informed and well-written book." Scotsman. 

" Mr. Hertz has made excellent use of contemporary literature, and 
has given us a very valuable and thorough critique. The book is in- 
teresting and very well written." American Political Science Review. 

"An interesting, valuable, and very necessary exposition of the 
principles underlying the colonial policy of the eighteenth century." 

Yorkshire Post. 

No. IV. STUDIES OF ROMAN IMPERIALISM. By W. T. 
ARNOLD, M.A. Edited by EDWARD FIDDES. M.A., Lecturer in 
Ancient History, with Memoir of the Author by Mrs. HUMPHRY 
WARD and C. E. MONTAGUE. With a Photogravure of W. T. 
Arnold. Demy 8vo, pp. cxxiii. 281. 7s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 16, 1906.) 

" Mrs. Humphry Ward has used all her delicate and subtle art to 
draw a picture of her beloved brother; and his friend Mr. Montague's 
account of his middle life is also remarkable for its literary excellence." 

A thenieum . 

" The memoir . . . tenderly and skilfully written by the ' sister 
and friend,' tells a story, which well deserved to be told, of a life rich 
in aspirations, interests, and friendships, and not without its measure of 
actual achievement." Tribune. 

" This ^geographical sense and his feeling for politics give colour to all 
he wrote." Times. 

" Anyone who desires a general account of the Empire under Augustus 
which is freshly and clearly written and based on wide reading will find 
it here." Manchester Guardian. 

"Nothing could be better than the sympathetic tribute which Mrs. 
Humphry Ward pays to her brother, or the analysis of his work and 
method by his colleague Mr. Montague. The two together have more 
stuff in them than many big books of recent biography." 

Westminster Gazette. 

8 34, Cross Street, Manchester 



SHERKATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS- 
HISTORICAL SERIES. 

No. V. CANON PIETRO CASOLA'S PILGRIMAGE TO 
JERUSALEM IN THE YEAR 1494. By M. M. NEWETT, 
B.A., formerly Jones Fellow. Demy 8vo, pp. viii. 427. 7s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 26, 1907.) 

"Tra mezzo ai tanti libri esteri di semplici divulgazione su fatti e 
figure della storia italiana, questo emerge piacevalmente e si legge 
volontieri. E diverse di carattere e di trattazione. Esume .... dalla 
polvere degli archivi e delle biblioteche qualche cosa che ha un valore 
fresco ed interessante, un valore storico e un valore umano." 

A.A.B. in the Archivio Storico Italiano. 

" L'introduction se termine par toute une dissertation du plus grand 
interet, documented a 1'aide des archives venitiennes, sur le caractere 
commercial des pelerinages, dont les armateurs de Venise assumerent, 
jusqu 'au XVIIe siecle 1'entreprise." 

J.B. in the Revue de Synthese historique. 

"Miss Newett has performed her task admirably, preserving much of 
the racy humour and shrewd phrasing which mark the original, and 
adding, in the introduction, a general treatise on the Venetian pilgrim 
industry, and in the notes copious illustrations of the text." 

Hor ATIO F. BROWN in The English Historical Review. 

" Miss Newett's introduction is an admirable bit of work. She has 
studied carefully what the archives of Venice have to say about pilgrim 
ships and shipping laws, and her pages are a mine of information on 
such subjects." Dr. Thomas Lindsay in the Scottish Historical Review 

" This is a deeply interesting record, not merely of a Syrian pilgrim- 
age, but of Mediterranean life and of the experiences of an intelligent 
Italian gentleman at the close of the Middle Ages two years after the 
discovery of America. It would not be easy to find a more graphic 
picture, in old days, of a voyage from Venice to the Levant." 

American Historical Review. 

No. VI. HISTORICAL ESSAYS. Edited by T. F. Tour, M.A., 
Professor of Mediaeval and Modern History, and JAMES TAIT, M.A., 
Professor of Ancient and Mediaeval History. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 557. 
6s. net. Reissue of the Edition of 1902 with index and New Preface. 

(Publication No. 27, 1907.) 

"Diese zwanzig chronologisch geordneten Aufsatze heissen in der 
Vorrededer Herausgeber ^esfo/m'/^behandelnzur Halfte ausser-englische 
Themata, benutzen reichlich festlandische Literatur und verraten iiberall 
neben weiten Ausblicken eine rnethodische Schulung die der dortigen 
Facultat hohe Ehre macht." -Professor Liebermann in Deutsche, 
Literaturzeitung. 

" Imperial history, local history, ecclesiastical history, economic history 
and the methods of historical teaching all these are in one way or another 
touched upon by scholars who have collaborated in this volume. Men 
and women alike have devoted their time and pains to working out 
problems of importance and often of no slight difficulty. The result is 
one of which the university and city may be justly proud." The late 
Professor York Powell in the Manchester Guardian. 

"Esso contiene venti lavori storici dettati, quattro da professori e sedici 
da licenziati del Collegio, e sono tutto scritti appositamente e condotti 
secondo le piu rigorose norme della critica e su documenti." R. Predelli 
in Nuovo Archirio Vencto. 

" La variete des sujets et 1'erudition avec laquelle ils sont trace's font 
grand honneur a la maniere dont 1'histoire est enseigne a Owens College." 

Revue Historique. 

" Par nature, c'est un recueil savant, qui temoigne du respect et de 
Temulation que sait exercer pour les etudes historiques la jeune et deji 
ce"lebre universite." Revue d'histoire ecclesiastique (Louvain). 

33, Soho Square, London, W. 9 



SHERRATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
HISTORICAL SERIES. 

HISTORICAL ESSAYS (Continued). 

" All these essays reach a high level ; they avoid the besetting sin of 
most of our present historical writing, which consists of serving up a hash 
of what other historians have written flavoured with an original spice of 

error They are all based on original research and written by 

specialists." Professor A. F. Pollard in the English Historical Review. 

" Sie bilden einen schonen Beweis fur die rationelle Art, mit der dort 
dieses Studium betrieben wird." Professor 0. Weber in Historische 
Zeitschrift. 

The index can be purchased separately, price 6d. net. 

No. VII. STUDIES SUPPLEMENTARY TO STUBBS' CONSTI- 
TUTIONAL HISTORY. Vol. i. By Ch. Petit-Dutaillis, Litt.D., 
rector of the University of Grenoble. Translated from the French 
by W. E. Rhodes, M.A., and edited by Prof. James Tait, M.A. 
Demy 8vo, pp. xiv. 152. 4s. net ((Publication No. 38, 1908.) 

"The volume will be virtually indispensable to teachers and students 
of history." Athenaum. 

" This task has been carefully and well performed, under the supervi- 
sion of Professor Tait, who has written a short but adequate introduc- 
tion. This little book, ought, without delay, to be added to every 
public or private library that contains a copy of the classic work to 
which it forms an indispensable supplement." 

Dr. W. S. McKechnie in the Scottish Historical Review. 

" These supplementary studies impress one as a discreet and learned 
attempt to safeguard a public, which is likely to learn all that it will 
know of a great subject from a single book, against the shortcomings 
of that book." Professor A. B. White in the American Historical Review. 

"C'est un complement indispensable de I'ouvrage de Stubbs, et Ton 
saura gre a PUniversite de Manchester d'avoir pris 1'initiative de cette 
publication." M. Charles Bemont in Revue Historique. 

"Ce sont des modeles de critique ingenieuse et sobre, une mise au point 
remarquable des questions les plus importantes traitees jadis par 
Stubbs." M. Louis Halphen in Revue de Synthese historique. 

"Zu der englischen Ubersetzung dieser Excurse, durch einen verdienten 
jiingeren Historiker, die durchaus leicht wie Originalstil fliesst, hat Tait 
die Vorrede geliefert und manche Note, die noch die Literatur von 1908 
beriicksichtigt. Die historische Schule der Universitat, Manchester, 
an Riihrigkeit und strenger Methode von keiner in England iibertroffen, 
bietet mit der Veroffentlichung der werthvollen Arbeit des Franzosen 
ein treffliches Lehrmittel. Professor F. Liebermann, in Deutsche 
Literatur Zeitung. 

No. VIII. MALARIA AND GREEK HISTORY. By W. H. S. Jones, 
M.A. To which is added the History of Greek Therapeutics and 
the Malaria Theory by E. T. Withington, M.A., M.B. Demy 8vo, 
pp. xii. 176. 5s. net. (Publication No. 43, 1909.) 

" Mr. W. H. S. Jones is to be congratulated on the success with which 
he has conducted what may be described as a pioneering expedition into 
a practically unexplored field of history .... the publishers are to be 
congratulated on the admirable way in which the book has been turned 
out a joy to handle and to read." Manchester Guardian. 

" This interesting volume is an endeavour to show that the decline of 
the Greeks as a people for several centuries before and after the 
Christian era was largely due to the prevalence of malaria in its various 
forms." Glasgow Herald. 

" [The author] .... has amassed a considerable store of valuable 
information from the Greek classics and other sources which will prove 
extremely useful to all who are interested in his theory." 

Birmingham Daily Post. 

10 34, Cross Street, Manchester 



SHERRATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
HISTORICAL SERIES. 

No. IX. HANES GRUFFYDD AP CYNAN. The Welsh text with 
translation, introduction, and notes by ARTHUR JONES, M.A., Jones 
Fellow in History. Demy 8vo. Pp. viii. 204. 6s. net. 

(Publication No. 50, 1910.) 

" No Welsh historian of the future can afford to neglect this scholarly 
attempt to give the work of Griffith ap Cynan a true historical setting. 
The introduction is an ideally well-balanced estimate of a singularly 
quaint and beautiful piece of history." Glasgow Herald. 

" The Editor has prefaced his text with a comprehensive and nearly 
always convincing introduction of more than 100 pages, besides copious 
notes. Nearly every page of both contains matter of Irish history, 
sometimes really new, since taken from the document never deeply 
studied before, and always valuable from the new light thrown by the 
collation of independent, 'international' testimonies. ... It will at 
once be seen that we have here a document of the first interest to 
ourselves; the University and the Editor have put us in their debt for a 
valuable contribution to our history." Freeman's Journal. 

"Mr. Jones prints the Welsh text in a scholarly recension, and 
accompanies it page by page with a faithful version into English, 
explains its obscurities and personal and local allusions in notes always 
concise and to the point, and brings it in with an interesting introduction, 
which treats fully of the transmission of the text, of its value as an 
historical document, and of its relation to other remaining original 
authorities for the history of the Norman Conquest." Scotsman. 

"Mr. Jones's enterprise is the result of the happy union in the 
University of Celtic and of historical studies. . . . The textual editing, 
the annotations, and the translation have all been admirably done, and 
the work is a credit alike to the author, the University, and to the 
Press." Manchester Guardian. 

"Hearty thanks are due for a most useful and satisfactory edition." 

Archceologia Cambrensis 

No. X. THE CIVIL WAR IN LANCASHIRE. By ERNEST BROXAP, 
M.A. Demy 8vo, pp. xv. 226. 7s. 6d. net. 

(Publication No. 51, 1910.) 

" By a judicious use of it he has produced an eminently readable and 
informing work. . . . The University of Manchester, which, but for 
the pressure of the political situation, would have been founded in 
1642, is to be congratulated upon its choice of an historian of the war in 
Lancashire. " A thenceum. 

" Mr. Broxap's monograph must be welcomed as the most important 
of those hitherto given to history to illuminate the county aspect of 

the Civil War The whole book is very carefully revised and 

accurate in its details, full and satisfactory, and the order in which the 
story is told is excellent. The index is also sufficient, and the whole 
study is amply annotated. Altogether, both the author and the 
Manchester University Press are to be thoroughly congratulated upon 
the volume." Morning Post. 

"It is clear that Mr. Broxap has minutely studied all available 
original materials and that he uses them with care and discrimination. 
. . . the highest praise that can be given to the author of a historical 
monograph is that he set out to produce a book that was wanted, 
does that extremely well, and does nothing else, and to this praise 
Mr. Broxap is fully entitled." Westminster Gazette. 

" The author has carefully studied authorities, and this first complete 
and separate account of a momentous episode in the Civil War is marked 
by a painstaking regard to accuracy of detail, and also by a judgment 
that is invariably fair and unbiassed as well as careful and acute." 

Scotsman. 



33, Soho Square, London, \V. 



SHEKKATT & HUGHES 



MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS. 
HISTORICAL SERIES. 

No. XI. THE CROMWELLIAN CONQUEST AND SETTLEMENT 
OF IRELAND. By ROBERT DUNLOP, M.A., formerly Berkeley 

Fellow. Demy 8vo. 7s. 6d. net. 

This work will consist of a series of unpublished documents relating 
to the History of Ireland from 1651 to 1659, arranged, modernized, and 
edited, with introduction, notes, etc., by Mr. DUNLOP. 

[In Preparation. 

A BIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS DEACON, THE MAN- 
CHESTER NON-JUROR. By HENRY BROXAP, M.A. 

[In the Press. 

THE EJECTED OF 1662 : Their Predecessors and Successors in 
Cumberland and Westmorland. By B. Nightingale, M.A. 

[In the Press. 

MEDICAL SERIES. 

No. I. SKETCHES OF THE LIVES AND WORK OF THE 
HONORARY MEDICAL STAFF OF THE ROYAL INFIRMARY. 
From its foundation in 1752 to 1830, when it became the Royal 
Infirmary. By EDWARD MANSFIELD BROCKBANK, M.D., M.R.C.P. 
Crown 4to. (illustrated), pp. vii. 311. 15s. net. 

(Publication No. 1, 1904.) 

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No. II. PRACTICAL PRESCRIBING AND DISPENSING. For 
Medical Students. By WILLIAM KIRKHV, sometime Lecturer in 
Pharmacognosy in the Owens College, Manchester Crown 8vo, 
pp. iv. 194. 5s. net. 

(Publication No. 2, 1904, Second edition, 1906.) 
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Pharmaceutical Journal. 

" Thoroughly practical text-books on the subject are so rare, that we 
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students, and the author has been most happy in conceiving its scope 
and arrangement." British Medical Journal. 

No. III. HANDBOOK OF SURGICAL ANATOMY. By G. A. 
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edition. (Publication No. 6, 1905.) 

" Dr. Wright and Dr. Preston have produced a concise and very 

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No. IV. A COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN OPERATIVE 
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2s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 11, 1906.) 

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No. V. A HANDBOOK OF LEGAL MEDICINE. By W. SELLERS, 
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Edinburgh Medical Journal. 

" In conclusion we need only say that Professor Lorrain Smith has 
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No. VII. HANDBOOK OF DISEASES OF THE HEART. By 
GRAHAM STEELL, M.D., F.R.C.P., Professor of Medicine, and 
Physician to the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Crown 8vo, 

?p. xii. 389, 11 plates (5 in colours), and 100 illustrations in the text, 
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" It more truly reflects modern ideas of heart disease than any book 
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Mediral Times and Hospital Gazette 

" We can cordially recommend Dr. Steell's book as giving an excellent 
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Edinburgh Medical Review. 

No. VIII. JULIUS DRESCHFELD. IN MEMORIAM. Medical 
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and the Royal Infirmary. Imperial 8vo, pp. vi. 246. With a 
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"A worthy memorial of one who left no small mark upon the study of 
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printed from the Manchester Chronicle, vol. xiv, and they are of both 
interest and permanent value." Scottish Medical Journal. 

"The editor. Dr. Brockbank, can be congratulated upon editing a 
volume that will fitly perpetuate the memory of his eminent colleague." 

Medical Review. 

No. IX. HANDBOOK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. By R. W. 
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(Publication No. 39, 1908.) 

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No. X. LECTURES ON THE PATHOLOGY OF CANCER. By 
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an 



' These lectures give a short resume of recent work on the subject in 
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No. XL SEMMELWEIS: HIS LIFE AND HIS DOCTRINE. A 
chapter in the history of Medicine. By Sir WILLIAM J. SINCLAIR, 
M.A., M.D., Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the Univer- 
sity of Manchester. Imperial 8vo, pp. x. 369, 2 plates. 7s. 6d. net. 

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" Semmelweis has found a worthy biographer who has made a 
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"Das wahrhaft vornehm geschriebene Buch des auch bei uns in 
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Nature. 
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No, XII. MODERN PROBLEMS IN PSYCHIATRY. By E. LUGARO, 
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8vo, pp. viii. 305, 8 plates. 7s. 6d. net. (Publication No. 47, 1909. ) 

"Professor Lugaro is to be congratulated upon the masterly and 
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inexhaustible work that lies before us." Lancet. 

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MODERN PROBLEMS IN PSYCHIATRY (Continued, 
physician ; it is thoughtful, suggestive and well written. The translation 
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PUBLIC HEALTH SERIES. 

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No. I. INAUGURAL LECTURES delivered during the Session 
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